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Bulletin 2078

Published 2007

Regional Studies of the Potwar Plateau Area, Northern Pakistan

Edited by Peter D. Warwick and Bruce R. Wardlaw

Prepared in cooperation with the Geological Survey of Pakistan, under the auspices of the U.S. Agency for International Development, U.S. Department of State, and the Government of Pakistan.

Abstract

The papers in this volume are products of a cooperative program between the Geological Survey of Pakistan (GSP) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), sponsored by the Government of Pakistan and the U.S. Agency for International Development. The focus of the program, the Coal Resources Exploration and Assessment Program (COALREAP), was to explore and assess Pakistan’s indigenous coal resources. As part of COALREAP, GSP and USGS geologists conducted regional geologic studies from 1988 to 1991 of the coal-bearing areas in the Potwar region of northern Pakistan. A reference section was selected from which to obtain faunal and floral analyses. The composite sections at Nammal Pass and Nammal Dam served as the basis for this regional reference.

Although this Bulletin 2078 is being released in 2007, the writing and technical reviews were completed in 1993, and the chapters reflect the work done until that time. During the long production process for the Bulletin, which ultimately resulted in the oversize plates being digitized, the scientific content of the chapters was not changed, and most reports published since 1993 were not cited. A change in the age of the Patala Formation is discussed below [in the full preface], but the age discussions and illustrations in the chapters were not updated.

Landsat image map
Plate A1
 

Report

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Part Title and Author PDF/GIF Link
Bulletin 2078
(whole report)
Regional Studies of the Potwar Plateau Area, Northern Pakistan
Edited by Peter D. Warwick and Bruce R. Wardlaw
PDF–11.5MB
Covers Front and Back Covers PDF–677KB
Front Front Matter, including the Editors' Preface PDF–360KB
A Overview of the Geography, Geology, and Structure of the Potwar Regional Framework Assessment Project Study Area, Northern Pakistan
By Peter D. Warwick
PDF–816KB
Plate A1 Landsat multispectral scanner (MSS) image base map of the Potwar Regional Framework Assessment Project study area, northern Pakistan
[Oversize - 32 x 34 inches, full color]
High-resolution
PDF–150MB
Low-resolution
GIF–3.80MB
B Calcareous Nannofossils from Paleogene Deposits in the Salt Range, Punjab, Northern Pakistan
By Laurel M. Bybell and Jean M. Self-Trail
PDF–1.61MB
Plate B1 Coccolithus, Campylosphaera, Discoaster, Hornibrookina, Toweius, Neochiastozygus, and Transversopontis
[Fossil - 9.50 x 13 inches]
PDF–310KB
C Paleocene and Eocene Dinocysts from the Salt Range, Punjab, Northern Pakistan
By Lucy E. Edwards
PDF–1.84MB
Plate C1 Dinocysts from the Hangu, Patala, and Nammal Formations
[Fossil - 7.08 x 9 inches]
PDF–932KB
Plate C2 Dinocysts from the Patala and Nammal Formations
[Fossil - 6.83 x 9 inches]
PDF–957KB
D Spore-Pollen Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology of Mesozoic and Lower Tertiary Samples from the Surghar and Salt Ranges, Northern Pakistan
By N.O. Frederiksen, T.P. Sheehan, and V.A.S. Andrle
PDF–4.15MB
Plate D1 Permian and Jurassic or Early Cretaceous spores and gymnosperm pollen from the Salt Range
[Fossil - 8.50 x 11 inches]
PDF–1.31MB
Plate D2 Late Jurassic or Early Cretaceous, probably middle Cretaceous, and Paleocene spores and pollen from the Surghar and Salt Ranges
[Fossil - 6.92 x 9.42 inches]
PDF–915KB
Plate D3 Spores and angiosperm pollen from the Patala Formation of the Salt Range
[Fossil - 7 x 9.33 inches]
PDF–0.98MB
Plate D4 Angiosperm pollen from the Patala and Nammal Formations of the Salt Range
[Fossil - 7 x 9.39 inches]
PDF–0.97MB
E Upper Paleocene Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy and Paleoenvironments of the Salt Range, Punjab, Northern Pakistan
By Thomas G. Gibson
PDF–760KB
F Stratigraphic Analysis of Paleocene and Lower Eocene Rocks Adjacent to the Potwar Plateau, Northern Pakistan
By Bruce R. Wardlaw, Wayne E. Martin, and Iqbal Hussain Haydri
PDF–1.10MB
Plate F1 Location and graphic display of columnar sections from the area surrounding the Potwar Plateau, northern Pakistan
[Oversize - 40 x 34 inches, blue and black]
High-resolution
PDF–1.11MB
Low-resolution
GIF–482KB
G Environmental Geology of the Islamabad-Rawalpindi Area, Northern Pakistan
By Iqbal M. Sheikh, Mustafa K. Pasha, Van S. Williams, S. Qamer Raza, and Kanwar S.A. Khan
PDF–1.69MB
Plate G1 Environmental geology of the Islamabad-Rawalpindi study area, northern Pakistan
[Oversize - 30 x 20 inches, full color]
High-resolution
PDF–23.2MB
Low-resolution
GIF–962KB
H Resource Evaluation of Selected Minerals and Industrial Commodities of the Potwar Plateau Area, Northern Pakistan
By Harald Drewes, Zaki Ahmad, and Rafiullah Khan
PDF–1.11MB
Plate H1 Distribution of selected earth-resource commodities in the Potwar Plateau area, northern Pakistan
[Oversize - 40 x 34 inches, blue and black]
High-resolution
PDF–3.63MB
Low-resolution
GIF–476KB
I Lithofacies and Depositional Environments of the Coal-Bearing Paleocene Patala Formation, Salt Range Coal Field, Northern Pakistan
By Peter D. Warwick and Tariq Shakoor
PDF–2.84MB
Plate I1 Isopach and isolith maps of the Patala Formation in the Salt Range coal field, northern Pakistan
[Oversize - 24 x 30 inches, black ink only]
High-resolution
PDF–835KB
Low-resolution
GIF–204KB
 

Suggested Citations

Warwick, P.D., and Wardlaw, B.R., eds., 2007, Regional studies of the Potwar Plateau area, northern Pakistan: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2078–A–I, chapters are separately paged, 5 oversize plates in pocket.

Edwards, L.E., 2007, Paleocene and Eocene dinocysts from the Salt Range, Punjab, northern Pakistan, chap. C of Warwick, P.D., and Wardlaw, B.R., eds., Regional studies of the Potwar Plateau area, northern Pakistan: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2078, p. C1–C10, fossil pls. C1, C2.

 

Contact

For scientific questions or comments, please send inquiries to Peter D. Warwick (E-mail address: pwarwick@usgs.gov).
 

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