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Circular 1293

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Research Opportunities in Interdisciplinary Ground-Water Science in the U.S. Geological Survey

By W.E. Sanford, J.S. Caine, D.A. Wilcox, H.C. McWreath, and J.R. Nicholas

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This report is written for the scientifically literate reader but is not limited to those who are involved in ground-water science. The report is intended to encourage U.S. Geological Survey scientists to develop a sense of excitement about ground-water science in the agency, to inform scientists about existing and potential ground-water science opportunities, and to engage scientists and managers in interdisciplinary discussions and collaboration. The report is intended for use by U.S. Geological Survey and Department of the Interior management to formulate long-term ground-water science programs and to continue sustained support of ground-water monitoring and research, some of which may not have an immediate impact. Finally, the report can be used to communicate the U.S. Geological Survey’s vision of ground-water science to Congress, partners, other agencies, and the research community at large with the goals of enhancing collaborative opportunities, sharing information, and maintaining dialogue regarding the directions of U.S. Geological Survey ground-water science.

Version 1.0

Posted May 2006

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Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Ground-Water Research Opportunities

Mapping in Three Dimensions—Geology and Geophysics

Issues

Current State

Research Opportunities

Characterizing Aquifer Heterogeneity

Issues

Current State

Research Opportunities

Measuring Recharge to Ground-Water Flow Systems

Issues

Current State

Research Opportunities

Quantifying Ground-Water and Surface-Water Interaction

Issues

Current State

Research Opportunities

Understanding the Relation of Ground-Water Flow Systems to Aquatic Ecosystems

Issues

Current State

Research Opportunities

Developing More Effective Computer Models

Issues

Current State

Research Opportunities

Summary

References Cited


Suggested Citation:

Sanford, W.E., Caine, J.S., Wilcox, D.A., McWreath, H.C., and Nicholas, J.R., 2006, Research opportunities in interdisciplinary ground-water science in the U.S. Geological Survey: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1293, 21 p.


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U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
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