Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center
Mouflon (wild Mediterranean sheep), like these in the Kahuku Unit of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park, threaten the fragile native flora of Hawai‘i by browsing, bark-stripping, and trampling. The Hawaiian Islands originally had no ungulates (grazing animals), but mouflon and several other species were deliberately introduced, mainly for recreational hunting. Traditional control methods—including hunting—have proved largely ineffective in limiting the increase and spread of these introduced wild ungulates. Photo courtesy of Robert Stephens.
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