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Fact Sheet 2010–3051

Use of Semipermeable Membrane Devices (SPMDs) in Petroleum Polluted Waters

By David Alvarez

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Passive samplers, in particular semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs), can be used in monitoring petroleum spills. This document is intended to provide a brief discussion of issues surrounding the use and capabilities of the SPMD.

First posted July 6, 2010

For additional information contact:
Director, USGS Columbia Environmental Research Center
4200 New Haven Road
Columbia, MO 65201
(573) 875–5399

Part or all of this report is presented in Portable Document Format (PDF); the latest version of Adobe Reader or similar software is required to view it. Download the latest version of Adobe Reader, free of charge.

Suggested citation:

Alvarez, David, 2010, Use of semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) in petroleum polluted waters: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2010–3051, 2 p.

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