Fact Sheet 2014–3068
Safe and reliable supply of water, for irrigation and domestic consumption, is one of Afghanistan’s critical needs for the country’s growing population. Water is also needed for mining and mineral processing and the associated business and community development, all of which contribute to the country’s economic growth and stability.
Beginning in 2004, U.S. Geological Survey scientists have aided efforts to rebuild Afghanistan’s capacity to monitor water resources, working largely with scientists in the Afghanistan Geological Survey of the Ministry of Mines and Petroleum as well as with scientists in the Afghanistan Ministry of Energy and Water, the Afghanistan Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation, and Livestock, and nongovernmental organizations in Afghanistan. Considerable efforts were undertaken by the U.S. Geological Survey to compile or recover hydrologic data on Afghanistan’s water resources.
These collaborative efforts have assisted Afghan scientists in developing the data collection networks necessary for improved understanding, managing these resources, and monitoring critical changes that may affect future water supplies and conditions. The U.S. Geological Survey, together with Afghan scientists, developed a regional groundwater flow model to assist with water resource planning in the Kabul Basin. Afghan scientists are now independently developing the datasets and conducting studies needed to assess water resources in other population centers of Afghanistan.
First posted August 19, 2014
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Mack, T.J., Chornack, M.P., Vining, K.C., Amer, S.A., Zaheer, M.F., and Medlin, J.H., 2014, Water resources activities of the U.S. Geological Survey in Afghanistan from 2004 through 2014: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2014–3068, 6 p.,http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20143068.
ISSN 2327-6916 (print)
ISSN 2327-6932 (online)