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U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Investigations Series I–2752

Prepared for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Geologic Map of the Diana Chasma Quadrangle (V–37), Venus

By Vicki L. Hansen and Heather R. DeShon

2003

Introduction

The Diana Chasma quadrangle (V–37), an equatorial region between 0° to 25° S. and 150° to 180° E. that encompasses ~8,400,000 km2, is broadly divided into southern Rusalka Planitia in the north, eastern Aphrodite Terra in the central region, and unnamed regions to the south. Geologic mapping constrains the temporal and spatial relations of the major features, which include a tessera inlier, Markham crater, six large coronae (300–675 km diameter), four smaller coronae (150–225 km diameter), Diana and Dali chasmata, a large fracture zone, and southern Rusalka Planitia. Eastern Aphrodite Terra, marked here by large coronae, deep chasmata, and an extensive northeast-trending fracture zone, extends from Atla Regio to Thetis Regio. The large coronae are part of a chain of such features that includes Inari Corona to the west-southwest and Zemina Corona to the northeast. V–37 quadrangle is bounded on the north by Rusalka Planitia and on the south by Zhibek Planitia. International Astronomical Union (IAU) approved and provisional nomenclature and positions for geographic features within Diana Chasma quadrangle are shown on the geo-logic map. [Note: Atahensik Corona was referred to as Latona Corona in much previously published literature.]

Diana Chasma quadrangle hosts some of the steepest topography on Venus. Altimetry measurements range from –2.5 to 4.7 km (0.0 = mean planetary radius), with a surface mean of 0.6 km. Fractures and faults within the central fracture/rift zone create large blocks of down-dropped material, especially along the east-central edge of the map area. The Dali and Diana chasmata display slopes of >30°, the steepest and deepest trenches on Venus. Both chasmata host landslide deposits presumably sourced from the steep chasmata walls. The tessera inlier, coronae, and ridge belts sit topographically above Rusalka and Zhibek planitiae. Rusalka Planitia topography describes broad undulations having northwest-trending ridges spaced ~200 km apart. The most distinctive ridge, Vetsorgo Dorsum, centered at 6.5° S., 163° E., is a Class I ridge belt owing to its simple arch morphology. The central interior of Markham crater sits topographically lower than the surrounding region, which slopes downward to the east.

thumbnail view of map

Last modified March 21, 2012
First posted January 26, 2004

For additional information:
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http://astrogeology.usgs.gov/

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Suggested citation:

Hansen, V.L., and DeShon, H.R. ,2003, Geologic map of the Diana Chasma quadrangle (V–37), Venus: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Investigations Series I–2752, available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i2752/.



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