Comparative Geology and Geochemistry of Sedimentary-Rock-Hosted (Carlin-Type) Gold Deposits in the People's Republic of China and in Nevada, USA

by Zhiping Li1 and Stephen G. Peters2

U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-466
Version 1.3


U.S. Department of the Interior
Gale A. Norton, Secretary

U.S. Geological Survey
Charles G. Groat, Director

This report is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) editorial standards or with the North American Stratigraphic Code. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

1 Department of Geological Sciences, Mackay School of Mines, Ralph J. Roberts Center for Research in Economic Geology, MS-172, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557-0047. (or Tianjin Geological Academy, Ministry of Metallurgical Industry, Tianjin City, P.R. China, 300061).

2 U.S. Geological Survey, Reno Field Office, Mackay School of Mines, MS-176, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557-0047


This publication consists of the online version of a revised CD-ROM publication, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-466. The data for this publication totaled 204 MB on the old version 1.1 CD-ROM and 247 MB for this online version 1.3. This online version does not include the Acrobat Search index files. It also has links rather than files for the Adobe Acrobat Reader installers.


Sedimentary-rock-hosted (Carlin-type) gold deposits have been considered economically significant and geologically distinct since the early 1960's. This report consists of a nine-part text and an interactive database. This small database is to help Western companies get more information about these gold deposits in China, and to help geologists who are interested in world Carlin-type deposits conduct research on them. Because of their economic significance and geological distinctiveness, these deposits have caught the interest of economic geologists all over the world since the early 1960's. Similar deposits have been discovered in China, Australia, Dominican Republic, Spain, and Russia besides Nevada. Perhaps most significant are the 165 Carlin-type gold deposits that were found in southwest China during the past 15 years. Of these, at least 19 deposits have proven to be of substantial tonnage, making China the second leading country to exploit such deposits. With the increasing interest in Chinese Carlin-type gold deposits, some western companies and geologists desire to get more information about these Chinese deposits. This seems to have been very difficult because the literature was in Chinese. It is estimated that several hundred scientific publications (including papers, books, and technical reports) have been published. This database of Chinese Carlin-type Gold deposits is built on the documentation published during the most recent 10 years and includes six subjects, which consist of 165 records and 30 fields. A new Proterozoic-age sedimentary-rock-hosted gold deposit in northeastern P.R. China also is described. Note that for the old version 1.1 on the CD-ROM, the latitude and longitude locations of the mineral occurrences have been estimated from sketch maps and journal articles and are not intended for digital analysis. One of the improvements in this version 1.2 is the accuracy of geographic data. Version 1.3 updates to the database and includes maps and photos of deposits, deposit information and a geochemical model. See the version history for details.

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Version 1.3 of this publication is only available online at the URL listed at the bottom of this page. The CD—ROM version of this publication (U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-466, Version 1.1) is for sale by:

U.S. Geological Survey
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Telephone: (888) ASK-USGS

ISBN: 0-607-92845-X

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The URL of this page is http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1998/of98-466/

To contact an author, email Steve Peters (speters@usgs.gov).

Email technical-support comments to Michael Diggles (mdiggles@usgs.gov).
Date created: 10/28/1999
Last modified: 08/19/2004 (mfd)