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Open-File Report 03-265

Grand Canyon Riverbed Sediment Changes, Experimental Release of September 2000 - A Sample Data Set

By Florence L. Wong, Roberto J. Anima, Peter Galanis, Jennifer Codianne, Yu Xia, Randy Bucciarelli, and Michael Hamer

Open floodgates on the Glen Canyon Dam, Arizona, during a previous experimental flood.Introduction

An experimental water release from the Glen Canyon Dam into the Colorado River above Grand Canyon was conducted in September 2000 by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducted sidescan sonar surveys between Glen Canyon Dam (mile -15) and Diamond Creek (mile 220), Arizona (mile designations after Stevens, 1998) to determine the sediment characteristics of the Colorado River bed before and after the release. The first survey (R3-00-GC, 28 Aug to 5 Sep 2000) was conducted before the release when the river was at its Low Summer Steady Flow (LSSF) of 8,000 cfs. The second survey (R4-00-GC, 10 to 18 Sep 2000) was conducted immediately after the September 2000 experimental release when the average daily flow was as high as 30,800 cfs as measured below Glen Canyon Dam (Figure 2). Riverbed sediment properties interpreted from the sidescan sonar images include sediment type and sandwaves; overall changes in these properties between the two surveys were calculated.

Sidescan sonar data from the USGS surveys were processed for segments of the Colorado River from Glen Canyon Dam (mile -15) to Phantom Ranch (mile 87.7, Figure 3). The surveys targeted pools between rapids that are part of the Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center (GCMRC http://www.gcmrc.gov/) physical sciences study.

Maps interpreted from the sidescan sonar images show the distribution of sediment types (bedrock, boulders, pebbles or cobbles, and sand) and the extent of sandwaves for each of the pre- and post-flow surveys. The changes between the two surveys were calculated with spatial arithmetric and had properties of fining, coarsening, erosion, deposition, and the appearance or disappearance of sandwaves.

First posted September 2, 2003

For additional information, contact:
Contact Information, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
Pacific Science Center
400 Natural Bridges Drive
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/

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Suggested citation:

Wong, Florence L., Anima, Roberto J., Galanis, Peter, Codianne, Jennifer, Xia, Yu, Bucciarelli, Randy, Hamer, Michael, 2003, Grand Canyon Riverbed Sediment Changes, Experimental Release of September 2000 - A Sample Data Set: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-265, http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/0265/.


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