USGS identifier

U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1059

Published 2004
Online Only
Version 1.0

Sedimentary Fabrics of Stratified Slope Deposits at a Site near Hoover's Camp, Shenandoah National Park, Virginia

Joseph P. Smoot


An outcrop of stratified slope deposits in Shenandoah National Park is described in detail. The Pleistocene age deposits are comprised of a mixture of clay to cobbles defining a series of offlapping wedges. Elongate clasts are oriented parallel to wedge boundaries except at the toe of the wedge, where they are oriented nearly vertical. The wedges represent sedimentation by freeze-thaw of ground ice. Thin layers of pebbly sand separate matrix-rich wedge deposits, which represent sheetfloods during periods of thaw. Thicker sand layers and lenses of clay are placed upslope of coarse-grained wedge fronts. This association represents ponding of water around the solifluction lobe topography during warm periods. Stratified slope deposits at an outcrop at a higher elevation lack the sandy sheetflood and pond deposits, whereas sheetflood fabrics dominate deposits at a lower elevation. These variations are attributed to differences in temperature at the different elevations.

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