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Open-File Report 2005–1091
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Toxic Hydrology Program

Results of Chemical and Isotopic Analyses of Sediment and Water from Alluvium of the Canadian River near a Closed Municipal Landfill, Norman, Oklahoma

By George N. Breit, Michele L.W. Tuttle, Isabelle M. Cozzarelli, Scott C. Christenson, Jeanne B. Jaeschke, David L. Fey, and Cyrus J. Berry

Photograph of the wall of a shallow trench dug into north the bank of the Canadian River

Results of physical and chemical analyses of sediment and water collected near a closed municipal landfill at Norman, Oklahoma are presented in this report. Sediment analyses are from 40 samples obtained by freeze-shoe coring at 5 sites, and 14 shallow (depth <1.3 m) sediment samples. The sediment was analyzed to determine grain size, the abundance of extractable iron species and the abundances and isotopic compositions of forms of sulfur. Water samples included pore water from the freeze-shoe core, ground water, and surface water. Pore water from 23 intervals of the core was collected and analyzed for major and trace dissolved species. Thirteen ground-water samples obtained from wells within a few meters of the freeze-shoe core sites and one from the landfill were analyzed for major and trace elements as well as the sulfur and oxygen isotope composition of dissolved sulfate. Samples of surface water were collected at 10 sites along the Canadian River from New Mexico to central Oklahoma. These river-water samples were analyzed for major elements, trace elements, and the isotopic composition of dissolved sulfate.

Version 1.0

Posted May 2005

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