Link to USGS home page.
U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1152

Background Facts and Issues Concerning Cement and Cement Data

Published 2005
Online only
Version 1.2

Hendrik G. van Oss


This report is divided into two main parts. Part 1 first serves as a general overview or primer on hydraulic (chiefly portland) cement and, to some degree, concrete. Part 2 describes the monthly and annual U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) cement industry canvasses in general terms of their coverage and some of the issues regarding the collection and interpretation of the data therein. The report provides background detail that has not been possible to include in the USGS annual and monthly reports on cement. These periodic publications, however, should be referred to for detailed current data on U.S. production and sales of cement. It is anticipated that the contents of this report may be updated and/or supplemented from time to time.

Because some readers will choose to access only specific sections of this report, the individual sections have been written on a more stand–alone basis than might have been otherwise. A variety of technical terms related to cement (in this report and elsewhere) have definitions that may differ from the same terms as used in other fields. Most terms in this report have been defined at first usage in the text, but a brief glossary of technical terms has been provided to limit sectional repetition of definitions. A short table of units of measure has also been included.


This report is available in Adobe Acrobat format.

To make use of the glossary while reading the document, use the Adobe Acrobat Reader "back" and "forward" buttons provided in lower part of the document window, rather than the "back" and "forward" buttons provided at the top of the window with the internet browser if it is being read online. To enable these buttons if they are not already enabled, right click the gray bar above the PDF and under "more tools" in the pop-up window make sure the buttons for "previous view" and "next view" are checked. The glossary, as well as the entire table of contents, can be accessed at any time using the bookmarks tab.

Version History

Version 1.1, posted February 7, 2006, corrects several typographical errors and makes a revison to table 7.
Version 1.2, posted February 9, 2006, revises the chemical formula for dolomite in the glossary.

Open-File Report 2005-1152 [1.36-MB PDF].

Get Adobe Reader


For scientific questions or comments concerning this report, contact Hendrik G. van Oss (tel. 703-648-7712)

FirstGov button  Take Pride in America button