USGS - science for a changing world

Open File Report 2007–1094

Site report for USGS test holes drilled at Cape Charles, Northampton County, Virginia, in 2004

By Gregory S. Gohn, Ward E. Sanford, David S. Powars, J. Wright Horton, Jr., Lucy E. Edwards, Roger H. Morin, and Jean M. Self–Trail

First page of PDF.

PDF (2,761KB, 27 pages)

Abstract

The U.S. Geological Survey drilled two test holes near Cape Charles, Virginia, during May and June 2004, as part of an investigation of the buried, late Eocene Chesapeake Bay impact structure. The first hole is designated as the USGS–Sustainable Technology Park test hole #1 (USGS–STP1). This test hole was abandoned at a depth of 300 ft; cuttings samples were collected, but no cores or geophysical logs were acquired. The second hole is designated as the USGS–Sustainable Technology Park test hole #2 (USGS–STP2). This test hole was drilled to a depth of 2,699 ft. Cores were collected between depths of 1,401.7 ft and 1,420.7 ft and between 2,440.0 ft and 2,699.0 ft. Cuttings samples were collected from the uncored intervals below 280–ft depth. Interim sets of geophysical logs were acquired during the drilling operation, and one final set was acquired at the end of drilling. Two wells were installed in the USGS–STP2 test hole. The deep well (designated 62G–24) was screened between 2,260 ft and 2,280 ft, and the shallow well (designated 62G–25) was screened between 1,360 ft and 1,380 ft. Ground–water salinities stabilized at 40 parts per thousand for the deep well and 20 parts per thousand for the shallow well. The geologic section encountered in the test holes consists of three main units: (1) Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene sands and clays are present between land surface and a depth of 1,163 ft; (2) sediment–clast breccias of the impact structure are present between depths of 1,163 ft and 2,150 ft; and (3) crystalline–clast breccias and cataclastic gneiss of the impact structure are present between depths of 2,150 ft and 2,699 ft.


Contents


This document is available only online in Portable Document Format (PDF); the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader or similar software is required to view it. Download the latest version of Acrobat Reader, free of charge or go to access.adobe.com for free tools that allow allow visually impaired users to read PDF files.

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov  logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL:http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1094/index.html
Page Contact Information: Web team
Page Last Modified:Friday, 11-Jan-2013 04:39:47 EST