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U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007–1315, v. 1.3

Video Documentation of Experiments at the USGS Debris-Flow Flume 1992–2006 (amended to include 2007–2013)

By Matthew Logan and Richard M. Iverson

2007, revised 2013

flume screenshotIntroduction

This set of videos presents about 17 hours of footage documenting the 146 experiments conducted at the USGS debris-flow flume from 1992 to 2013. Owing to improvements in video technology over the years, the quality of footage from recent experiments generally exceeds that from earlier experiments.

Use the list below to access the individual videos, which are mostly grouped by date and subject matter. When a video is selected from the list, multiple video sequences are generally shown in succession, beginning with a far-field overview and proceeding to closeup views and post-experiment documentation.

Interpretations and data from experiments at the USGS debris-flow flume are not provided here but can be found in published reports, many of which are available online at: https://profile.usgs.gov/riverson/

A brief introduction to the flume facility is also available online in USGS Open-File Report 92–483 [http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/ofr/ofr92483].

Flume-Video Credits

The experiments shown here would not have been possible without the long-term participation of flume stalwarts:

Tony Bequette, Roger Denlinger, Jonathan Godt, Julie Griswold, Kevin Hadley, Rick LaHusen, Jon Major, Mark Reid, Kelly Swinford, Jim Vallance, Joe Walder

Additional assistance vital to successful experiments was provided by:

Matteo Berti, Jean-François Benoit, Catherine Berger, Tracy Brennand, Dianne Brien, Emily Cahoon, Sue Cannon, Dallas Childers, Sarah Christian, John Costa, Jeff Coe, Jonny Cripps, Jay DeNatale, Hannah Dieterich, Carolyn Dreidger, John Duffy, Brooke Fiderovich, Greg Fiegel, Cate Fox-Lent, Dave George, Nico Gray, Frances Griswold, Marc Gullison, Tom Hale, Scott Henderson, Shannon Hayes, Neal Iverson, Chris Johnston, Jackie Kendrick, Peter Kokelaar, Stephen Lancaster, Chris Locket, Tom Lill, Michael Manga, Linda Mark, Larry Mastin, Brian McCardell, Adam Mosbrucker, Simon Mudd, Kate Potter, Ben Schonfeld, Ron Shreve, Bill Shultz, Joel Smith, Oscar Sorenson, Kurt Spicer, Winston Stokes, Gordon Stratford, Anthony Thornton, Dan Turner, Tristan Wellman, Christine Williams, Peter Vollmoeller, Carl Zimmerman

Videos of experiments conducted at the USGS Debris-Flow Flume 1992–2013

Side-by-side comparisons of distinctive flow behaviors observed in experiments in which one key variable was changed

Side_by_Side_01.    Debris flows on rigid bed vs. erodible bed. TRT:00:01:39
Side_by_Side_02.    Debris flows on wet vs. dry erodible bed. TRT:00:00:42
Side_by_Side_03.    Debris flow vs. water flood on rigid bed. TRT:00:00:46
Side_by_Side_04.    Water floods on rigid bed vs. erodible bed. TRT:00:00:46
Side_by_Side_05.    Debris flows with 6 m3 volume vs. 10 m3 volume. TRT:00:01:39
Side_by_Side_06.    Debris flows containing 20 percent loam vs. 2 percent loam. TRT:00:01:25
Side_by_Side_07.    Debris flows on rough rigid bed vs. smooth rigid bed. TRT:00:01:28
Side_by_Side_08.    Debris flows rounding 4-m vs. 10-m radius curve. TRT:00:01:05
Side_by_Side_09.    Debris flows running up against vertical wall vs. 30-degree slope. TRT:00:00:56
Side_by_Side_10.    Debris flows impacting rigid wall vs. deformable cable net. TRT:00:00:49

Individual experiments grouped by date and subject matter

   1992
04-10-1992   First flume test, flow of moist pea gravel
04-30-1992   First debris flow test, wet sand & gravel
05-21-1992   Debris flow, wet sand & gravel
06-10-1992   Debris flow, wet sand & gravel
07-16-1992   Debris flow, wet sand & gravel
09-22-1992   Dry grain flow of Steilacoom gravel
09-25-1992   Debris flow, wet sand & gravel
   1993
04-07-1993   Debris flow against cylindrical obstacle
04-08-1993   Debris flow against planar obstacle
05-06-1993   Debris flow, wet sand & gravel
07-21-1993   Debris-flow superelevation, 10-m curve
07-22-1993   Debris-flow superelevation, 10-m curve
08-10-1993   Dry gravel flow with high-speed film
08-11-1993   Dry gravel flow with high-speed film
09-15-1993   Debris-flow superelevation, 4-m curve
09-16-1993   Debris-flow superelevation, 4-m curve
10-19-1993   Debris flow with channelized runout
10-21-1993   Debris flow with channelized runout
   1994
04-19-1994   Debris flow, wet sand & gravel
04-21-1994   Debris flow, wet sand & gravel
05-26-1994   Debris flow, wet sand, gravel & loam
06-21-1994   Debris-flow impact on rigid wall
06-23-1994   Debris-flow impact on rigid wall
07-20-1994   Debris flow with loam, channelized runout
08-30-1994   Clear water dam-break flood
08-31-1994   Debris flow with loam, channelized runout
09-28-1994   Water flood following failed landslide experiment
   1995
04-26-1995   Debris flow with channelized runout
06-07-1995   Landslide initiation by surface sprinkling
06-08-1995   Landslide initiation by groundwater feed
07-24-1995   Debris flow, partly channelized runout
07-26-1995   Debris flow runout on existing deposit
09-12-1995   Debris flow, wet Steilacoom gravel
09-13-1995   Debris flow with loam, channelized runout
   1996
06-18-1996   Debris-flow impact on cable net
06-20-1996   Debris-flow impact on cable net
06-21-1996   Debris-flow impact on cable net
06-22-1996   Debris-flow impact on cable net
06-23-1996   Debris-flow impact on cable net
06-25-1996   Debris-flow impact on cable net
07-24-1996   Landslide initiation, 50% loam
07-25-1996   Landslide initiation, 50% loam
08-27-1996   Debris flow into ponded water
08-28-1996   Debris flow into ponded water
08-29-1996   Debris flow with loam into ponded water
   1997
05-20-1997   Debris-flow runup on adverse 30-deg slope
05-22-1997   Debris-flow runup on adverse 30-deg slope
07-22-1997   Debris flow containing 50% loam
07-24-1997   Debris flow containing 50% loam
08-26-1997   Debris flow containing large rocks
08-28-1997   Debris flow containing large rocks
   1998
06-17-1998   Landslide initiation, loose 25% loam
06-18-1998   Landslide initiation, loose 25% loam
06-22-1998   Landslide initiation, dense 25% loam
06-23-1998   Landslide initiation, loose 25% loam
06-25-1998   Landslide initiation, dense 25% loam
08-25-1998   Debris flow over rough bed (slatted fence)
08-27-1998a   Debris flow on erodible sandy loam bed
08-27-1998b   Water flood on sediment-laden bed
09-01-1998   Debris flow on erodible crushed rock bed
09-02-1998   Water flood on existing debris-flow deposit
   1999
06-09-1999   Landslide initiation, loose 25% loam
06-10-1999   Landslide initiation, dense 25% loam
06-15-1999   Landslide initiation, dense 25% loam
06-17-1999a   Landslide initiation, dense 25% loam first part
06-17-1999b   Landslide initiation, dense 25% loam second part
09-15-1999   Debris flow on channeled erodible bed
09-16-1999   Debris flow with surcharge of logs
09-21-1999   Debris flow on erodible bed with logs
09-22-1999   Water flood over eroded sediment bed
09-23-1999   Debris flow on erodible bed with logs
   2000
09-19-2000   First debris flow on rough concrete bed
09-21-2000   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed
09-25-2000   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed
09-26-2000   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed
09-27-2000   Dam-break water flood on rough concrete bed
09-28-2000   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on rough bed
09-29-2000   Dam-break water flood on rough concrete bed
   2001
2001_06_19   Dam-break water flood on rough concrete bed
2001_06_20   Dam-break water flood over sediment bed
2001_06_26   Dam-break water flood over sediment bed
2001_06_28   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on rough bed
2001_09_11   Controlled water flood over sediment bed
2001_09_13   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on rough bed
2001_09_18   Controlled water flood over sediment bed
2001_09_20   Dam-break water flood over sediment bed
   2002
2002_08_28   Dam-break water flood on rough concrete bed
2002_09_10   Dam-break water flood over sediment bed
2002_09_11   Dam-break water flood over eroded sediment bed
2002_09_12   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on rough bed
2002_09_17   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on rough bed
2002_09_18   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed
2002_09_19   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed
   2003
06-17-2003   Debris flow over sediment bed at flume base
06-19-2003   Debris flow over sediment bed at flume base
06-24-2003   Debris flow over sediment bed at flume base
06-25-2003   Debris flow over sediment bed at flume base
   2004
2004_09_14   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on rough bed
2004_09_20   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed
2004_09_22   Debris flow over sediment at flume base
2004_09_23   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed
   2006 (no files for 2005)
2006_06_07   Dam-break water flood on rough bed
2006_06_08a   Debris flow, sand, gravel, & loam on rough bed (6m3)
2006_06_08b   Dam-break water flood over debris-flow deposit
2006_09_12   Debris flow, sand, gravel, & loam on rough bed (6m3)
2006_09_14   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3)
2006_09_19   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3)
2006_09_21   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3)
   2007
2007_06_12   Dam-break water flood on rough bed
2007_06_14a   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3)
2007_06_14b   Dam-break water flood over debris-flow deposit
2007_06_19   Debris flow, sand, gravel, & loam on rough bed (6m3)
2007_06_21   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3)

   2008
2008_05_13   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3)
2008_05_15   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3)
2008_08_19   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed
2008_08_21   Debris flow, sand, gravel, & loam on rough bed with runout diversion
2008_08_26   Debris flow, sand & gravel with large rocks on rough bed with runout diversion, total run time (TRT): 00:06:52
2008_08_28   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed with runout diversion
   2009
2009_06_02   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3)
2009_06_04   Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3)
2009_08_18   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed with particle tracking and runout diversion
2009_08_20   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed with particle tracking and runout diversion
2009_08_25   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed with particle tracking and runout diversion
2009_08_27   Debris flow, sand & gravel on rough bed with particle tracking and runout diversion TRT: 00:06:53
   2010
2010_05_25    Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3). TRT: 00:09:12
2010_05_27    Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on rough bed (6m3). TRT: 00:06:50
DamBreach_Introduction   Introduction to dam-breach experiments at foot of flume: TRT: 00:02:05
2010_08_18    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 1-m-high dam. TRT: 00:07:29
2010_08_20    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 1-m-high dam. TRT: 00:07:13
2010_08_24    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 1-m-high dam. TRT: 00:07:22
2010_08_26    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 1-m-high dam. TRT: 00:05:44
   2011
2011_08_16    Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on rough bed (6m3). TRT: 00:05:32
2011_08_18    Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3). TRT: 00:07:35
2011_08_24    Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3). TRT: 00:05:28
2011_08_25    Dam-break water flood over debris-flow deposit. TRT: 00:02:11
   2012
2012_06_13    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 1-m-high dam. TRT:00:05:23
2012_06_14    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 0.77-m-high dam. TRT:00:12:02
2012_06_19    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 0.77-m-high dam. TRT:00:15:47
2012_06_20    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 0.58-m-high dam. TRT:00:30:27
2012_06_21    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 0.58-m-high dam. TRT:00:24:45
2012_08_22    Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on erodible bed (6m3). TRT: 00:05:45
2012_08_23    Debris flow, sand, gravel & loam on rough bed (6m3). TRT: 00:04:45
   2013
2013_06_05    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 1-m-high dam. TRT:00:06:39
2013_06_06    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 0.75-m-high dam. TRT:00:23:31
2013_06_10    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 0.87-m-high dam. TRT:00:25:37
2013_06_12    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 0.87-m-high dam. TRT:00:20:21
2013_06_13    Dam-breach experiment at foot of flume: water impounded by 0.66-m-high dam. TRT:00:54:56

First posted November 23, 2007
Last modified September 18, 2013

  • This report is available only on the Web.

For additional information:
Contact CVO
Volcano Science Center, Cascades Volcano Observatory
U.S. Geological Survey
1300 SE Cardinal Court, Building 10, Suite 100
Vancouver, WA 98683-9589
http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/

Part of this report is presented in Moving Picture Expert Group-4 format (.mp4); the latest version of QuickTime or similar software is required to view it. Download the latest version of QuickTime, free of charge.


Suggested citation:

Logan, M., and Iverson, R.M., 2007, revised 2013, Video documentation of experiments at the USGS debris-flow flume 1992–2006 (amended to include 2007–2013): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007–1315 v. 1.3., http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1315/.


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