Alaska Science Center

Preliminary Integrated Geologic Map Databases for the United States

Digital Data for the Geology of the southern Brooks Range, Alaska

U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report 2008-1149
Geologic map compiled by: Alison B. Till, Julie A. Dumoulin, Anita G. Harris, Thomas E. Moore, Heather Bleick, and Benjamin Siwiec
Digital files prepared by: Keith A. Labay, Frederic H. Wilson, Heather Bleick, and Nora Shew
2008

NOTE:

This Open-File Report represents one preliminary part of a larger planned series of integrated geologic databases that will ultimately be available for the entire United States. This interim version is being released now in order to provide ready access to standardized geologic data for use in regional analyses and to meet product distribution goals. The final compilation of these state databases will allow integration of the data that are found on state-scale geologic maps, presented in a uniform database structure. This Open-File Report is similar to but will not be identical to the final version of these data.


Introduction

The growth in the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) has highlighted the need for digital geologic maps that have been attributed with information about age and lithology. Such maps can be conveniently used to generate derivative maps for manifold special purposes such as mineral-resource assessment, metallogenic studies, tectonic studies, and environmental research. This report is part of a series of integrated geologic map databases that cover the entire United States.

Three national-scale geologic maps that portray most or all of the United States already exist; for the conterminous U.S., King and Beikman (1974a,b) compiled a map at a scale of 1:2,500,000, Beikman (1980) compiled a map for Alaska at 1:2,500,000 scale, and for the entire U.S., Reed and others (2005a,b) compiled a map at a scale of 1:5,000,000. A digital version of the King and Beikman map was published by Schruben and others (1994). Reed and Bush (2004) produced a digital version of the Reed and others (2005a) map for the conterminous U.S. The present series of maps is intended to provide the next step in increased detail. State geologic maps that range in scale from 1:100,000 to 1:1,000,000 are available for most of the country, and digital versions of these state maps are the basis of this product.

The digital geologic maps presented here are in a standardized format as ARC/INFO export files and as ArcView shape files. The files named __geol contain geologic polygons and line (contact) attributes; files named __fold contain fold axes; files named __lin contain lineaments; and files named __dike contain dikes as lines. Data tables that relate the map units to detailed lithologic and age information accompany these GIS files. The map is delivered as a set 1:250,000-scale quadrangle files. To the best of our ability, these quadrangle files are edge-matched with respect to geology. When the maps are merged, the combined attribute tables can be used directly with the merged maps to make derivative maps.

Procedures

The digital datasets that form the basis for this product were compiled and created using existing published and unpublished data. Alaska spatial and text databases in this series are all linked through the use of a field, called nsaclass, that is related to the age and lithology of the map units contained on each map. (Note: database field names are in italics). Two fields which have been added to the polygon attribute table (PAT) and also in the text databases, nsaclass and qclass, are used to store information that correlates individual map units between sources. Nsaclass is used to make regional unit assignments and generally reflects a known or an inferred correlation of map units. For example, all "Surficial deposits, undivided" are assigned an nsaclass code of 100. The schema for nsaclass was developed as regional maps throughout Alaska were compiled and reflects an iterative process. As new or additional information became available, the nsaclass code for a particular map unit may have changed, either to reflect lumping or finer separation of map units. Nsaclass is used to cover the entire geologic time scale, whereas the similar qclass is restricted to and provides finer detail for Quaternary map units. A source field and a field called nsamod are also added. Nsamod provides information with respect to hydrothermal alteration or contact metamorphism of a map unit, either for the entire unit or on an individual polygon basis. In this way, the nsaclass field needs only to store the primary map unit information. Source is a coded reference citation, indicating the manuscript or other source for the information. The format for source is XX###, where XX is the two letter quadrangle code (CAPITAL letters) and ### is a three digit number (using leading zeros) to indicate a specific reference. Finally, a field called lith2 is in the PAT as a scratch field; no uniform schema has been developed for this field.

The standardized attribute tables were generated by extracting information from the legends of the source maps and also data generated by the compilers of this regional map. Thus, the age and lithology information in the attribute tables may, in some cases, conflict with the information on the legends of the original source maps that may have been compiled decades ago. The standardized attribute tables record an abstracted map unit description, lithologic and age information, and references.

The spatial databases are provided in the native UTM projection of the sources as well as geographic coordinates. The UTM projection parameters are described in the metadata (note that the datum is NAD’27). Because of limitations of the UTM projection for regional maps, provided here are the parameters for the Albers Equal Area projection commonly used in Alaska for regional or state-wide products:

Projection: Albers equal Area
Horizontal datum: NAD’27
Spheroid: Clarke, 1866
1st Standard parallel: 55 degrees North
2nd Standard parallel: 65 degrees North
Central meridian: 154 degrees West
Latitude of projection origin: 50 degrees North
Units: meters
False easting (meters): 0
False northing (meters): 0

A "read me" file provides additional information about this product. [PDF][Word]

ArcView files can be viewed with the free viewer, ArcExplorer, which can be downloaded from http://www.esri.com/software/arcexplorer/.

References

King, P.B., and Beikman, H.M., 1974a, Geologic map of the United States: Reston, Va., U.S. Geological Survey, scale 1:2,500,000.

King, P.B., and Beikman, H.M., 1974b, Explanatory text to accompany the geologic map of the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 901, 40 p.

Reed, J.C., Jr., Wheeler, J.O., and Tucholke, B.E., 2005a, Geologic map of North America: Boulder, Colo., Geological Society of America, Decade of North American Geology, 3 sheets, scale 1:5,000,000.

Reed, J.C., Jr., Wheeler, J.O., and Tucholke, B.E., 2005b, Geologic map of North America – Perspectives and explanation: Boulder, Colo., Geological Society of America, Decade of North American Geology, p. 1-28.


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Supplemental attribute TABLES FOR Southern Brooks Range geologic map

FileMaker Pro files directory

file size: 5.71 Mb

Comma-separated ASCII files directory

file size: 1.65 Mb

DBF files directory

file size: 3.14 Mb


PDF files of the draft geologic map and text

Complete text and tables of draft map

file size: 1.02 Mb

Text without oversize tables

file size: 870 kb

Oversize tables for text

file size: 1.45 Mb

Image of draft map, sheet 1

file size: 2.1 MB

Image of draft map, sheet 2

file size: 888 kb

 

METADATA / TEXT

Metadata as Html

Metadata as FAQ (Html)

metadata as text

metadata as XML


Select individual quadrangle or scroll down.


Ambler River Quadrangle

UTM zone 4
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

argeol.e00

file size: 1.24 Mb

argeol_dd.e00

file size: 1.24 Mb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

argeol.zip

file size: 800 kb

argeol_dd.zip

file size: 780 kb

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Baird Mountains Quadrangle

UTM zone 4
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

bmgeol.e00

file size: 858 kb

bmgeol_dd.e00

file size: 858 kb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

bmgeol.zip

file size: 411 kb

bmgeol_dd.zip

file size: 457 kb

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Chandalar Quadrangle

UTM zone 6
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

chgeol.e00

file size: 1.76 Mb

chgeol_dd.e00

file size: 1.76 Mb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

chgeol.zip

file size: 991 kb

chgeol_dd.zip

file size: 1.10 Mb

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Christian Quadrangle

UTM zone 6
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

csgeol.e00

file size: 797 kb

csgeol_dd.e00

file size: 797 kb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

csgeol.zip

file size: 415 kb

csgeol_dd.zip

file size: 400 kb

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Survey Pass Quadrangle

UTM zone 5
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

spgeol.e00

file size: 1.42 Mb

spgeol_dd.e00

file size: 1.42 Mb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

spgeol.zip

file size: 992 kb

spgeol_dd.zip

file size: 925 kb

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Wiseman Quadrangle

UTM zone 5
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

wigeol.e00

file size: 1.47 Mb

wigeol_dd.e00

file size: 1.47 Mb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

wigeol.zip

file size: 877 kb

wigeol_dd.zip

file size: 849 kb

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Northern Bettles Quadrangle

UTM zone 5
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

btgeol.e00

file size: 314 kb

btgeol_dd.e00

file size: 314 kb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

btgeol.zip

file size: 123 kb

btgeol_dd.zip

file size: 113 kb

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Northern Beaver Quadrangle

UTM zone 6
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

bvgeol.e00

file size: 15.5 kb

bvgeol_dd.e00

file size: 15.7 kb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

bvgeol.zip

file size: 4 kb

bvgeol_dd.zip

file size: 3 kb

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Northern Hughes Quadrangle

UTM zone 5
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

hugeol.e00

file size: 509 kb

hugeol_dd.e00

file size: 510 kb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

hugeol.zip

file size: 219 kb

hugeol_dd.zip

file size: 193 kb

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Northern Selawik Quadrangle

UTM zone 4
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

segeol.e00

file size: 89.1 kb

segeol_dd.e00

file size: 89.3 kb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

segeol.zip

file size: 36 kb

segeol_dd.zip

file size: 44 kb

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Northern Shungnak Quadrangle

UTM zone 4
FILES
SPATIAL DATA
Arc Export (.e00) files

UTM projection

Geographic coordinates

shgeol.e00

file size: 335 kb

shgeol_dd.e00

file size: 335 kb

ArcView shapefiles (.shp)

shgeol.zip

file size: 127 kb

shgeol_dd.zip

file size: 215 kb

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For questions about the content of this report, contact Ric Wilson

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