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Open-File Report 2009–1244

Groundwater Conditions and Studies in the Albany Area of Dougherty County, Georgia, 2008

Prepared in cooperation with the Albany Water, Gas, and Light Commission

Debbie Warner Gordon

ABSTRACT

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The U.S. Geological Survey has been working cooperatively with the Albany Water, Gas, and Light Commission to monitor groundwater quality and availability since 1977. This report presents an overview of groundwater conditions and studies in the Albany area of Dougherty County, Georgia, during 2008. Historical data also are presented for comparison with 2008 data. Ongoing monitoring activities include continuous water-level recording in 24 wells and periodic water-level measurements in 5 wells. During 2008, water levels in 10 of the continuous-recording wells were below normal, corresponding to lower than average rainfall. Groundwater samples collected from 25 wells in the Upper Floridan aquifer indicate that nitrate levels during 2008 were similar to values from 2007, with a maximum of 12.5 milligrams per liter at one well.

Water samples collected from the Flint River and wells at the Albany well field were analyzed and plotted on a trilinear diagram to show the percent composition of selected major cations and anions. Groundwater constituents (major cations and anions) of the Upper Floridan aquifer at the Albany well field remain distinctly different from those in the water of the Flint River.

To improve the understanding of the groundwater-flow system and nitrate movement in the Upper Floridan aquifer, the U.S. Geological Survey is developing a groundwater-flow model in the Albany area of southwestern Georgia. The model is being calibrated to simulate periods of dry (October 1999) hydrologic conditions. Preliminary results of particle tracking indicate that water flows to the well field from the northwest.

Revised December 22, 2009

First posted November 10, 2009

For additional information contact:
Director, Georgia Water Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
3039 Amwiler Rd.
Suite 130
30360-2824
http://ga.water.usgs.gov/

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Suggested citation:

Gordon, D.W., 2009, Groundwater conditions and studies in the Albany area of Dougherty County, Georgia, 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009–1244, 54 p.



Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Albany Water, Gas, and Light Commission Cooperative Water Program

Related Studies

Purpose and Scope

Well- and Stream-Numbering Systems

Groundwater Conditions

Factors Influencing Groundwater Levels

Precipitation

Groundwater Pumpage

Streamflow

Groundwater Levels

Surficial Aquifer

Upper Floridan Aquifer

Claiborne Aquifer

Clayton and Providence Aquifers

Sinkhole Development

Groundwater Quality of the Upper Floridan Aquifer

Groundwater Studies

Reports and Technical Presentations

Summary

Selected References


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