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Open-File Report 2012–1022

Prepared in cooperation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Monitoring Inland Storm Tide and Flooding from Hurricane Irene along the Atlantic Coast of the United States, August 2011

By Brian E. McCallum, Jaime A. Painter, and Eric R. Frantz

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) deployed a temporary monitoring network of water-level sensors at 212 locations along the Atlantic coast from South Carolina to Maine during August 2011 to record the timing, areal extent, and magnitude of inland hurricane storm tide and coastal flooding generated by Hurricane Irene. Water-level sensor locations were selected to augment existing tide-gage networks to ensure adequate monitoring in areas forecasted to have substantial storm tide. As defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; 2011a,b), storm tide is the water-level rise generated by a coastal storm as a result of the combination of storm surge and astronomical tide.

Open the Internet mapping site to view map showing sensor site locations and view data and charts.

Map showing sensor site locations.


Hurricane Irene initially made landfall on the coast of North Carolina near Beaufort on August 27, 2011, as a category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale (National Hurricane Center, 2010), and after traversing the coast and Outer Banks of North Carolina, the storm went back out to sea and made a second landfall as a category 1 hurricane near Atlantic City, New Jersey, on August 28. Of the 212 locations monitored, 202 sensors recorded a storm tide. Three water-level sensors were lost or malfunctioned during the storm, and five sensors did not record storm tide because of either a lack of water-level rise above astronomical tide or a storm tide lower than the elevation of the sensor.

A typical storm tide sensor installation is shown in figure 2. At the 202 locations, these sensors were programmed to record water pressure at a 30-second interval, which was converted to water level in feet above the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). In addition, 75 of the 202 sites included a sensor to record barometric pressure at a 30-second interval, expressed in pounds per square inch. Water-level elevation and barometric pressure were recorded over time by the sensors during the storm, as shown by the example graph for a single location in figure 3. A high-water mark (HWM) was flagged and surveyed near each sensor in order to verify the peak value recorded by the sensor. Eight additional locations were instrumented with rapid deployment gages, which were real-time water-level sensors that recorded water-level elevations every 15 minutes and updated hourly to USGS Web pages (table 1; fig. 4). Lastly, wave height was measured every 2 seconds at two locations near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay near Norfolk, Virginia. The total number of sensors deployed in each State are shown in table 1.

Data were collected and processed following protocols established by McGee and others (2005), which includes correcting water pressure for changes in barometric pressure and salinity. Quality-control checks were made by (1) co-locating water-level sensors at a subset of sites and comparing data from those sensors to water levels computed from recorded pressure data at the sites, and (2) comparing water levels computed from recorded pressure data to water levels recorded at nearby USGS streamgages in addition to nearby high-water marks, to the extent possible. In the aftermath of the storm, an additional 137 independent high-water mark locations were surveyed in relation to NAVD 88; 104 locations in North Carolina, 14 locations in New York and 19 locations in Virginia. Elevation surveys using survey-grade global positioning systems (fig. 5) and differential levels were conducted to relate all water-level data, HWM data, reference marks, new benchmarks, and sensor measuring points to NAVD 88.

Table 1. U.S. Geological Survey data-collection sites equipped to monitor Hurricane Irene storm tide in 2011, by State.

StateStorm tideWave heightReal-time rapid
deployment gages
Barometric pressure
South Carolina4000
North Carolina420119
Virginia11219
Maryland25009
Delaware27026
New Jersey6003
New York250210
Connecticut21006
Rhode Island16004
Massachusetts14005
New Hampshire4021
Maine7003
Total2022875

USGS employee deploys storm-tide sensor at Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina, August 25, 2011.The data from the Hurricane Irene storm-tide network constitute an extensive collection of continuous water-level records that document a single land-falling hurricane. The data can be used to evaluate the performance of storm-tide models for (1) maximum and incremental water level, (2) flood extent, and (3) site-specific effects of storm tide on natural and anthropogenic elements of the environment. The data from the temporarily deployed sensors are considered approved, while the streamgage or tidal gage data are being made available on a provisional basis becauase they are subject to the USGS annual data report approval process. All data are presented in tab-delineated, ASCII format for each sensor location by using a USGS interactive storm-tide mapper Web application available at http://wim.usgs.gov/stormtidemapper/stormtidemapper.html#.

Digital photographs of select locations also are available from the interactive mapper. Data for each sensor include location, date, time, water level, and barometric pressure and the data-processing date is provided in the file header. Data files for HWMs include location, type and quality of the mark, and elevation. The interactive mapper also includes wave-height data collected in collaboration with the North Carolina Sea Grant and The University of North Carolina, Institute of Marine Sciences.

Example of storm-tide elevation hydrograph and barometric pressure recorded at the Bridgeport Hotel and Marina in Craven County, NC (SSS-NC-CRV-005WL), during Hurricane Irene in 2011, including nearby high-water mark elevations (HWM-NC-CRV-201).

A list of the 212 temporarily deployed storm-tide sensor locations and the peak storm-tide elevation recorded by each sensor are provided in table 2. Data-collection sites were categorized as surge, riverine, or wave height with respect to the interval of data collected and the site proximity to the coast. Riverine sites can be influenced by upstream runoff from inland flooding. Permanent monitoring network data at 80 locations that are operated by the USGS and were augmented by the temporary sensors are provided in table 3 and 46 locations that are operated by NOAA are provided in table 4. Additional NOAA water-level and meteorological data for Hurricane Irene that include affected areas outside the USGS deployment region were released recently by Fanelli and Fanelli (2011). A listing of the additional HWM data collected and surveyed following the passage of Hurricane Irene are presented in table 5.

Pictures: A rapid deployment water-level gage, and a typical global positioning system to survey for elevation.

Acknowledgments

This report was prepared in cooperation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The data in this report are the result of tireless hours by numerous staff in USGS Water Science Centers in South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine, and Georgia. The authors would like to particularly highlight the leadership and dedication of USGS employees in North Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland in delivering valuable data to numerous stakeholders in a very timely and accurate manner.

References Cited

Fanelli, C., and, Fanelli, P., 2011, NOAA water level and meteorological data report—Hurricane Irene: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Ocean Service Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services, available at http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/publications/Hurricane_Irene_Water_Level_and_Meteorological_Data_Report.pdf.

McGee, B.D., Goree, B.B., Tollett, R.W., Woodward, B.K., and Kress, W.H., 2005, Hurricane Rita surge data, southwestern Louisiana and southeastern Texas, September to November 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 220, available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/2006/220/.

National Hurricane Center, 2010, The Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service Web site, http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutsshs.shtml.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2011a, Storm surge overview: Accessed November 11, 2011, at http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/ssurge/ssurge_overview.shtml.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2011b, Hurricane Irene track: Accessed October 24, 2011, at http://www.noaawatch.gov/2011/irene.php.

First posted March 2, 2012

Excel data files:


For additional information contact:
Chief, Office of Surface Water
U.S. Geological Survey
415 National Center, MS 415
Reston, VA 20192 
http://water.usgs.gov/osw

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Table 2. Hurricane Irene peak storm-tide data for 212 U.S. Geological Survey temporarily-deployed sites, by State.

Download Table 2 - Storm tides (Excel file)

Site identification
(Links to data file)
State/County Site type Data recorded Peak elevation,
feet above NAVD 88/
Peak storm-tide,
date and time (GMT)
(Links to chart)
SSS-CT-FFD-001WLConnecticut
Fairfield
water levelstorm tide8.61
8/28/2011 14:31:00
SSS-CT-FFD-002WLConnecticut
Fairfield
water levelstorm tide8.81
8/28/2011 14:40:00
SSS-CT-FFD-003WLConnecticut
Fairfield
water levelstorm tide8.66
8/28/2011 14:36:00
SSS-CT-FFD-005WLConnecticut
Fairfield
water levelstorm tide9.22
8/28/2011 14:47:30
SSS-CT-FFD-006WLConnecticut
Fairfield
water levelstorm tide8.87
8/28/2011 14:52:00
SSS-CT-FFD-007WLConnecticut
Fairfield
water levelstorm tide8.52
8/28/2011 15:09:30
SSS-CT-FFD-009WLConnecticut
Fairfield
water levelriverine9.96
8/28/2011 15:56:00
SSS-CT-FFD-010WLConnecticut
Fairfield
water levelstorm tide9.08
8/28/2011 15:12:00
SSS-CT-MSX-018WLConnecticut
Middlesex
water levelstorm tide6.72
8/28/2011 15:01:30
SSS-CT-MSX-019WLConnecticut
Middlesex
water levelstorm tide6.29
8/28/2011 14:33:00
SSS-CT-NHV-013WLConnecticut
New Haven
water levelstorm tide8.43
8/28/2011 15:30:00
SSS-CT-NHV-014WLConnecticut
New Haven
water levelriverine6.66
8/28/2011 16:55:30
SSS-CT-NHV-017WLConnecticut
New Haven
water levelstorm tide8.03
8/28/2011 15:02:30
SSS-CT-NLD-022WLConnecticut
New London
water levelstorm tide5.99
8/28/2011 14:59:00
SSS-CT-NLD-023WLConnecticut
New London
water levelstorm tide6.99
8/28/2011 14:30:30
SSS-CT-NLD-025WLConnecticut
New London
water levelstorm tide5.07
8/28/2011 13:59:00
SSS-CT-NLD-026WLConnecticut
New London
water levelstorm tide4.38
8/28/2011 13:34:30
SSS-CT-NLD-027WLConnecticut
New London
water levelstorm tide4.56
8/28/2011 13:41:30
SSS-CT-NLD-028WLConnecticut
New London
water levelstorm tide4.58
8/28/2011 13:24:30
SSS-CT-NLD-029WLConnecticut
New London
water levelstorm tide4.41
8/28/2011 14:16:30
SSS-CT-NLD-030WLConnecticut
New London
water levelstorm tide4.57
8/28/2011 13:06:00
384031075041601Delaware
Sussex
real-time RDGstorm tide3.20
8/28/2011 0:30:00
392114075325901Delaware
New Castle
real-time RDGstorm tide4.40
8/28/2011 4:30:00
SSS-DE-KEN-001WLDelaware
Kent
water levelriverine4.68
8/28/2011 3:44:30
SSS-DE-KEN-002WLDelaware
Kent
water levelnonelost
SSS-DE-KEN-003WLDelaware
Kent
water levelriverine5.03
8/28/2011 13:30:30
SSS-DE-NEW-001WLDelaware
New Castle
water levelstorm tide6.76
8/28/2011 9:48:30
SSS-DE-NEW-002WLDelaware
New Castle
water levelriverine4.82
8/28/2011 6:29:30
SSS-DE-NEW-004WLDelaware
New Castle
water levelriverine5.52
8/28/2011 4:59:00
SSS-DE-NEW-005WLDelaware
New Castle
water levelstorm tide5.77
8/28/2011 1:45:00
SSS-DE-NEW-006WLDelaware
New Castle
water levelstorm tide5.76
8/28/2011 2:20:30
SSS-DE-NEW-008WLDelaware
Newcastle
water levelstorm tide3.69
8/28/2011 10:08:00
SSS-DE-NEW-009WLDelaware
Newcastle
water levelriverine16.83
8/28/2011 13:30:30
SSS-DE-SUS-004WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelriverine3.30
8/28/2011 6:47:00
SSS-DE-SUS-006WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelriverine4.82
8/28/2011 5:09:00
SSS-DE-SUS-007WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelriverine3.57
8/28/2011 13:47:00
SSS-DE-SUS-008WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelstorm tide6.45
8/28/2011 0:50:00
SSS-DE-SUS-009WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelstorm tide4.72
8/28/2011 0:19:30
SSS-DE-SUS-010WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelstorm tide3.09
8/28/2011 3:27:30
SSS-DE-SUS-012WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelstorm tide2.38
8/28/2011 8:03:30
SSS-DE-SUS-014WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelstorm tide2.30
8/28/2011 14:14:00
SSS-DE-SUS-015WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelstorm tide2.72
8/28/2011 12:55:30
SSS-DE-SUS-030WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelriverine3.29
8/28/2011 3:31:00
SSS-DE-SUS-031WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelriverine3.55
8/28/2011 13:32:00
SSS-DE-SUS-032WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelstorm tide3.18
8/28/2011 3:06:00
SSS-DE-SUS-033WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelriverine5.01
8/28/2011 2:13:00
SSS-DE-SUS-034WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelriverine4.49
8/28/2011 2:44:30
SSS-DE-SUS-036WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelriverine4.31
8/28/2011 2:08:30
SSS-DE-SUS-037WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelriverine2.15
8/28/2011 5:51:00
SSS-DE-SUS-038WLDelaware
Sussex
water levelriverine2.51
8/28/2011 11:51:00
SSS-ME-CUM-001WLMaine
Cumberland
water levelstorm tide6.97
8/29/2011 3:27:30
SSS-ME-CUM-002WLMaine
Cumberland
water levelstorm tide6.68
8/29/2011 3:37:00
SSS-ME-HAN-001WLMaine
Hancock
water levelstorm tide7.67
8/29/2011 3:00:00
SSS-ME-WAL-001WLMaine
Waldo
water levelstorm tide2.78
8/29/2011 3:26:00
SSS-ME-YOR-001WLMaine
York
water levelstorm tide8.17
8/29/2011 2:49:00
SSS-ME-YOR-002WLMaine
York
water levelstorm tide6.73
8/29/2011 2:57:30
SSS-ME-YOR-003WLMaine
York
water levelstorm tide5.92
8/29/2011 3:14:00
SSS-MD-DOR-007WLMaryland
Dorchester
water levelstorm tide2.61
8/28/2011 7:09:30
SSS-MD-DOR-009WLMaryland
Dorchester
water levelstorm tide1.76
8/28/2011 4:04:00
SSS-MD-DOR-010WLMaryland
Dorchester
water levelriverine2.01
8/28/2011 10:34:30
SSS-MD-DOR-033WLMaryland
Dorchester
water levelstorm tide1.42
8/28/2011 4:09:00
SSS-MD-DOR-034WLMaryland
Dorchester
water levelstorm tide2.08
8/28/2011 6:38:30
SSS-MD-QUA-001WLMaryland
Queen Annes
water levelstorm tide1.56
8/27/2011 23:43:00
SSS-MD-SOM-030WLMaryland
Somerset
water levelriverine2.28
8/28/2011 9:15:00
SSS-MD-SOM-031WLMaryland
Somerset
water levelstorm tide3.48
8/28/2011 6:58:30
SSS-MD-SOM-032WLMaryland
Somerset
water levelstorm tide2.73
8/28/2011 5:07:00
SSS-MD-TAL-002WLMaryland
Talbot
water levelstorm tide1.67
8/27/2011 22:23:30
SSS-MD-TAL-003WLMaryland
Talbot
water levelriverine1.74
8/28/2011 14:22:30
SSS-MD-TAL-005WLMaryland
Talbot
water levelstorm tide2.13
8/28/2011 5:40:30
SSS-MD-TAL-006WLMaryland
Talbot
water levelriverine3.69
8/27/2011 22:28:00
SSS-MD-WIC-011WLMaryland
Wicomico
water levelriverine3.31
8/28/2011 7:54:00
SSS-MD-WOR-013WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelriverine2.99
8/28/2011 13:33:00
SSS-MD-WOR-014WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelriverine2.73
8/28/2011 16:38:30
SSS-MD-WOR-016WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelstorm tide2.66
8/28/2011 3:22:30
SSS-MD-WOR-018WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelstorm tide3.18
8/28/2011 3:09:00
SSS-MD-WOR-019WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelstorm tide2.87
8/28/2011 3:20:30
SSS-MD-WOR-020WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelstorm tide3.01
8/27/2011 23:43:00
SSS-MD-WOR-022WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelriverine2.30
8/28/2011 16:01:00
SSS-MD-WOR-024WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelstorm tide1.68
8/28/2011 15:57:30
SSS-MD-WOR-025WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelstorm tide2.66
8/28/2011 14:04:30
SSS-MD-WOR-026WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelstorm tide2.19
8/28/2011 2:54:00
SSS-MD-WOR-030WLMaryland
Worchester
water levelriverine2.94
8/28/2011 2:08:30
SSS-MA-BAR-022WLMassachussetts
Barnstable
water levelstorm tide4.91
8/29/2011 0:21:30
SSS-MA-BAR-023WLMassachussetts
Barnstable
water levelstorm tide4.81
8/29/2011 0:18:00
SSS-MA-BAR-024WLMassachussetts
Barnstable
water levelstorm tide6.80
8/29/2011 0:46:00
SSS-MA-BAR-025WLMassachussetts
Barnstable
water levelstorm tide3.47
8/28/2011 15:48:00
SSS-MA-BAR-026WLMassachussetts
Barnstable
water levelstorm tide4.10
8/28/2011 16:20:00
SSS-MA-BAR-027WLMassachussetts
Barnstable
water levelstorm tide3.93
8/28/2011 15:37:30
SSS-MA-BAR-028WLMassachussetts
Barnstable
water levelstorm tide4.20
8/28/2011 15:30:00
SSS-MA-BRI-016WLMassachussetts
Bristol
water levelstorm tide4.60
8/28/2011 13:24:00
SSS-MA-BRI-017WLMassachussetts
Bristol
water levelstorm tide4.81
8/28/2011 12:14:30
SSS-MA-BRI-029WLMassachussetts
Bristol
water levelriverine5.20
8/28/2011 12:11:30
SSS-MA-PLY-018WLMassachussetts
Plymouth
water levelstorm tide6.46
8/28/2011 11:44:30
SSS-MA-PLY-019WLMassachussetts
Plymouth
water levelstorm tide4.70
8/28/2011 14:14:30
SSS-MA-PLY-020WLMassachussetts
Plymouth
water levelstorm tide4.49
8/29/2011 0:28:00
SSS-MA-PLY-021WLMassachussetts
Plymouth
water levelstorm tide4.69
8/29/2011 0:50:00
01071540New Hampshire
Strafford
real-time RDGstorm tide3.65
8/29/2011 18:15:00
01091750New Hampshire
Hillsborough
real-time RDGstorm tide3.04
8/29/2011 7:45:00
SSS-NH-ROC-002WLNew Hampshire
Rockingham
water levelstorm tide6.84
8/29/2011 3:13:00
SSS-NH-ROC-003WLNew Hampshire
Rockingham
water levelstorm tide6.28
8/29/2011 3:33:00
SSS-NH-ROC-004WLNew Hampshire
Rockingham
water levelstorm tide5.98
8/28/2011 15:33:30
SSS-NH-ROC-005WLNew Hampshire
Rockingham
water levelstorm tide5.65
8/28/2011 16:01:30
SSS-NJ-ATL-001WLNew Jersey
Atlantic
water levelriverine3.83
8/28/2011 10:50:00
SSS-NJ-ATL-002WLNew Jersey
Atlantic
water levelriverine4.58
8/28/2011 3:22:00
SSS-NJ-CPM-001WLNew Jersey
Cape May
water levelstorm tide4.82
8/28/2011 0:19:00
SSS-NJ-CUM-001WLNew Jersey
Cumberland
water levelriverine4.82
8/29/2011 14:42:00
SSS-NJ-CUM-002WLNew Jersey
Cumberland
water levelriverine6.02
8/28/2011 4:45:00
SSS-NJ-OCN-001WLNew Jersey
Ocean
water levelriverine3.18
8/28/2011 14:11:00
403836073154801New York
Suffolk
real-time RDGstorm tide3.43
8/28/2011 13:30:00
01378626New York
Hudson
water levelnonelost
SSS-NY-KIN-001WLNew York
Kings
water levelstorm tide8.10
8/28/2011 12:53:00
SSS-NY-KIN-002WLNew York
Kings
water levelstorm tide6.22
8/28/2011 13:19:00
SSS-NY-NAS-001WLNew York
Nassau
water levelstorm tide8.20
8/28/2011 14:54:30
SSS-NY-NAS-004WLNew York
Nassau
water levelstorm tide9.72
8/28/2011 11:13:00
SSS-NY-NAS-005WLNew York
Nassau
water levelstorm tide6.24
8/28/2011 13:13:00
SSS-NY-QUE-001WLNew York
Queens
water levelstorm tide8.03
8/28/2011 13:52:30
SSS-NY-QUE-002WLNew York
Queens
water levelstorm tide7.04
8/28/2011 13:16:30
SSS-NY-RIC-001WLNew York
Richmond
water levelstorm tide8.86
8/28/2011 12:33:30
SSS-NY-RIC-003WLNew York
Richmond
water levelstorm tide8.36
8/28/2011 11:52:30
SSS-NY-SUF-001WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide6.94
8/28/2011 15:35:30
SSS-NY-SUF-002WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide8.05
8/28/2011 15:35:00
SSS-NY-SUF-003WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide7.54
8/28/2011 15:13:30
SSS-NY-SUF-004WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide5.93
8/28/2011 13:33:30
SSS-NY-SUF-005WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide4.10
8/28/2011 15:09:00
SSS-NY-SUF-006WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide6.13
8/28/2011 11:57:00
SSS-NY-SUF-008WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide3.94
8/28/2011 15:05:30
SSS-NY-SUF-009WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide3.72
8/28/2011 13:37:30
SSS-NY-SUF-011WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide8.09
8/28/2011 15:05:00
SSS-NY-SUF-014WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide4.99
8/28/2011 15:59:00
SSS-NY-SUF-015WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide4.41
8/28/2011 14:06:00
SSS-NY-SUF-017WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide9.32
8/28/2011 10:55:30
SSS-NY-SUF-018WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide6.33
8/28/2011 11:40:30
SSS-NY-SUF-019WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide3.16
8/28/2011 13:18:30
SSS-NY-SUF-021WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide4.37
8/28/2011 15:15:00
SSS-NY-SUF-022WLNew York
Suffolk
water levelstorm tide4.52
8/28/2011 13:35:30
02092162North Carolina
Craven
real-time RDGstorm tide7.34
8/27/2011 12:30:00
SSS-NC-BEA-001WLNorth Carolina
Beaufort
water levelstorm tide9.05
8/27/2011 15:24:30
SSS-NC-BRU-010WLNorth Carolina
Brunswick
water levelstorm tide3.11
8/26/2011 23:11:30
SSS-NC-BRU-011WLNorth Carolina
Brunswick
water levelstorm tide3.45
8/26/2011 23:21:00
SSS-NC-BRU-012WLNorth Carolina
Brunswick
water levelstorm tide7.63
8/26/2011 21:22:30
SSS-NC-BRU-013WLNorth Carolina
Brunswick
water levelstorm tide4.24
8/26/2011 22:56:00
SSS-NC-BRU-014WLNorth Carolina
Brunswick
water levelstorm tide4.18
8/26/2011 22:52:30
SSS-NC-CAM-001WLNorth Carolina
Camden
water levelriverine3.02
8/27/2011 15:23:00
SSS-NC-CHO-001WLNorth Carolina
Chowan
water levelstorm tide4.98
8/27/2011 15:48:30
SSS-NC-CRT-001WLNorth Carolina
Carteret
water levelstorm tide4.08
8/27/2011 12:59:00
SSS-NC-CRT-004WLNorth Carolina
Carteret
water levelstorm tide3.70
8/27/2011 12:07:30
SSS-NC-CRT-005WLNorth Carolina
Carteret
water levelstorm tide4.56
8/27/2011 9:45:30
SSS-NC-CRT-006WLNorth Carolina
Carteret
water levelstorm tide8.29
8/27/2011 9:59:30
SSS-NC-CRT-007WLNorth Carolina
Carteret
water levelstorm tide4.50
8/27/2011 10:23:30
SSS-NC-CRV-003WLNorth Carolina
Craven
water levelstorm tide10.70
8/27/2011 11:50:30
SSS-NC-CRV-005WLNorth Carolina
Craven
water levelriverine7.04
8/27/2011 12:42:00
SSS-NC-CUR-001WLNorth Carolina
Currituck
water levelstorm tide9.38
8/27/2011 20:58:30
SSS-NC-CUR-002WLNorth Carolina
Currituck
water levelstorm tide4.03
8/28/2011 5:54:00
SSS-NC-DAR-001WLNorth Carolina
Dare
water levelstorm tide3.95
8/28/2011 2:50:30
SSS-NC-DAR-002WLNorth Carolina
Dare
water levelstorm tide6.71
8/28/2011 2:55:30
SSS-NC-DAR-003WLNorth Carolina
Dare
water levelstorm tide7.27
8/27/2011 11:29:30
SSS-NC-DAR-004WLNorth Carolina
Dare
water levelstorm tide7.05
8/28/2011 2:26:00
SSS-NC-DAR-005WLNorth Carolina
Dare
water levelstorm tide7.09
8/28/2011 3:49:00
SSS-NC-DAR-008WLNorth Carolina
Dare
water levelstorm tide6.31
8/28/2011 5:29:00
SSS-NC-DAR-009WLNorth Carolina
Dare
water levelnonelost
SSS-NC-DAR-010WLNorth Carolina
Dare
water levelstorm tide5.14
8/28/2011 4:15:30
SSS-NC-DAR-011WLNorth Carolina
Dare
water levelstorm tide5.46
8/28/2011 0:46:00
SSS-NC-HYD-001WLNorth Carolina
Hyde
water levelstorm tide5.67
8/27/2011 15:20:00
SSS-NC-NHA-001WLNorth Carolina
New Hanover
water levelriverine2.29
8/26/2011 23:57:30
SSS-NC-NHA-002WLNorth Carolina
New Hanover
water levelstorm tide3.57
8/26/2011 23:12:30
SSS-NC-NHA-003WLNorth Carolina
New Hanover
water levelstorm tide8.02
8/26/2011 22:21:00
SSS-NC-NHA-004WLNorth Carolina
New Hanover
water levelstorm tide7.73
8/26/2011 22:48:00
SSS-NC-NHA-005WLNorth Carolina
New Hanover
water levelstorm tide4.49
8/26/2011 22:43:00
SSS-NC-NHA-006WLNorth Carolina
New Hanover
water levelstorm tide8.09
8/26/2011 21:39:30
SSS-NC-NHA-007WLNorth Carolina
New Hanover
water levelstorm tide4.43
8/26/2011 22:44:30
SSS-NC-NHA-008WLNorth Carolina
New Hanover
water levelstorm tide5.10
8/27/2011 10:36:30
SSS-NC-ONS-001WLNorth Carolina
Onslow
water levelstorm tide3.69
8/27/2011 10:46:00
SSS-NC-ONS-002WLNorth Carolina
Onslow
water levelstorm tide7.21
8/27/2011 7:50:00
SSS-NC-PEN-001WLNorth Carolina
Pender
water levelstorm tide4.52
8/26/2011 23:11:00
SSS-NC-PEN-002WLNorth Carolina
Pender
water levelstorm tide3.87
8/26/2011 22:44:00
SSS-NC-PEN-003WLNorth Carolina
Pender
water levelstorm tide8.10
8/26/2011 21:16:30
SSS-NC-PER-001WLNorth Carolina
Perquimans
water levelriverine2.50
8/28/2011 7:40:30
SSS-NC-WAS-001WLNorth Carolina
Washington
water levelstorm tide5.70
8/27/2011 15:43:00
SSS-RI-BRI-013WLRhode Island
Bristol
water levelstorm tide4.97
8/28/2011 13:29:00
SSS-RI-KEN-011WLRhode Island
Kent
water levelstorm tide5.04
8/28/2011 13:15:00
SSS-RI-NEW-014WLRhode Island
Newport
water levelstorm tide5.52
8/28/2011 12:27:30
SSS-RI-NEW-015WLRhode Island
Newport
water levelstorm tide4.96
8/28/2011 12:57:00
SSS-RI-PRO-010WLRhode Island
Providence
water levelstorm tide5.65
8/28/2011 11:46:00
SSS-RI-PRO-030WLRhode Island
Providence
water levelstorm tide6.13
8/28/2011 14:14:00
SSS-RI-WAS-001WLRhode Island
Washington
water levelstorm tide4.30
8/28/2011 13:05:30
SSS-RI-WAS-002WLRhode Island
Washington
water levelstorm tide3.33
8/28/2011 14:12:30
SSS-RI-WAS-003WLRhode Island
Washington
water levelnoneno surge recorded
SSS-RI-WAS-004WLRhode Island
Washington
water levelstorm tide4.26
8/28/2011 12:48:00
SSS-RI-WAS-005WLRhode Island
Washington
water levelstorm tide3.78
8/28/2011 14:08:00
SSS-RI-WAS-006WLRhode Island
Washington
water levelstorm tide3.73
8/28/2011 14:10:30
SSS-RI-WAS-007WLRhode Island
Washington
water levelstorm tide2.27
8/28/2011 14:57:00
SSS-RI-WAS-008WLRhode Island
Washington
water levelstorm tide4.62
8/28/2011 12:18:30
SSS-RI-WAS-009WLRhode Island
Washington
water levelstorm tide4.65
8/28/2011 12:50:00
SSS-RI-WAS-012WLRhode Island
Washington
water levelstorm tide5.09
8/28/2011 12:27:00
SSS-SC-HOR-001WLSouth Carolina
Horry
water levelstorm tide3.58
8/26/2011 19:03:00
SSS-SC-HOR-002WLSouth Carolina
Horry
water levelnoneno surge recorded
SSS-SC-HOR-003WLSouth Carolina
Horry
water levelnoneno surge recorded
SSS-SC-HOR-005WLSouth Carolina
Horry
water levelnoneno surge recorded
370230076201100Virginia
Hampton
real-time RDGnoneno surge recorded
SSS-VA-HAM-001WLVirginia
York
water levelstorm tide5.32
8/28/2011 0:31:00
SSS-VA-NFK-001WLVirginia
Norfolk
water levelstorm tide5.94
8/28/2011 0:30:00
SSS-VA-NOR-001WLVirginia
Northampton
water levelstorm tide6.37
8/28/2011 0:25:30
SSS-VA-NOR-002WLVirginia
Northampton
water levelstorm tide6.89
8/27/2011 23:52:36
SSS-VA-NOR-003WLVirginia
Northampton
water levelstorm tide4.67
8/27/2011 23:59:36
SSS-VA-NOR-004WLVirginia
Northampton
water levelstorm tide5.97
8/27/2011 23:41:06
SSS-VA-IOW-001WLVirginia
Isle of Wight
water levelstorm tide6.26
8/28/2011 1:07:30
SSS-VA-VAB-001WLVirginia
Virginia Beach
water levelstorm tide5.44
8/28/2011 0:12:30
SSS-VA-VAB-003WLVirginia
Virginia Beach
water levelstorm tide6.50
8/27/2011 23:02:00
SSS-VA-YOR-001WLVirginia
York
water levelstorm tide5.54
8/27/2011 23:54:30
SSS-VA-YOR-003WLVirginia
Poquoson
water levelstorm tide5.30
8/27/2011 23:54:00
SSS-VA-NOR-004WVVirginia
Northampton
wave heightstorm tide6.01
8/27/2011 23:35:54
SSS-VA-VAB-001WVVirginia
Virginia Beach
wave heightstorm tide5.52
8/28/2011 0:12:30

Table 3. Hurricane Irene peak storm-tide data recorded at U.S. Geological Survey permanent monitoring sites, by State.

Download Table 3 - Streamgages (Excel file)

Site identification State/County Site type Data recorded Peak elevation, feet above NAVD 88/
Peak storm-tide, date and time (GMT)
01193000Connecticut
Middlesex
real-time streamgageriverine8.52
8/28/2011 16:00:00
01193050Connecticut
Middlesex
real-time streamgageriverine8.61
8/28/2011 15:45:00
01194750Connecticut
Middlesex
real-time streamgageriverine6.99
8/28/2011 04:00:00
01194796Connecticut
New London
real-time streamgageriverine6.91
8/28/2011 13:50:00
01484080Delaware
Kent
real-time streamgageriverine5.20
8/28/2011 04:24:00
01484085Delaware
Kent
real-time-tide gagestorm tide6.43
8/28/2011 01:06:00
01037050Maine
Penobscot
real-time streamgageriverine10.67
8/29/2011 04:00:00
01049320Maine
Kennebec
real-time streamgageriverine9.32
8/29/2011 09:30:00
01049505Maine
Kennebec
real-time streamgageriverine7.45
8/29/2011 07:30:00
01059555Maine
Sagadahoc
real-time streamgageriverine6.42
8/29/2011 05:00:00
010228955Maine
Hancock
real-time streamgageriverine13.46
8/29/2011 18:45:00
01108410Massachussetts
Bristol
real-time streamgageriverine5.82
8/28/2011 15:45:00
011058837Massachussetts
Barnstable
real-time streamgageriverine4.44
8/28/2011 17:30:00
01406710New Jersey
Middlesex
real-time-tide gagestorm tide7.58
8/28/2011 11:42:00
01407081New Jersey
Monmouth
real-time-tide gagestorm tide7.14
8/28/2011 13:06:00
01407600New Jersey
Monmouth
real-time-tide gagestorm tide6.29
8/28/2011 12:30:00
01407770New Jersey
Monmouth
real-time-tide gagestorm tide6.28
8/28/2011 12:30:00
01408050New Jersey
Monmouth
real-time-tide gagestorm tide5.85
8/28/2011 13:18:00
01408168New Jersey
Ocean
real-time-tide gagestorm tide3.56
8/28/2011 15:36:00
01408750New Jersey
Ocean
real-time-tide gagestorm tide3.28
8/28/2011 15:18:00
01409110New Jersey
Ocean
real-time-tide gagestorm tide2.48
8/28/2011 11:36:00
01409125New Jersey
Ocean
real-time-tide gagestorm tide3.84
8/28/2011 11:54:00
01409146New Jersey
Ocean
real-time-tide gagestorm tide3.17
8/28/2011 13:48:00
01409335New Jersey
Ocean
real-time-tide gagestorm tide4.11
8/28/2011 11:18:00
01410510New Jersey
Atlantic
real-time-tide gagestorm tide5.03
8/28/2011 02:54:00
01410560New Jersey
Atlantic
real-time-tide gagestorm tide4.46
8/28/2011 01:48:00
01410600New Jersey
Atlantic
real-time-tide gagestorm tide4.98
8/28/2011 01:36:00
01411320New Jersey
Cape May
real-time-tide gagestorm tide4.80
8/28/2011 01:48:00
01411330New Jersey
Atlantic
real-time-tide gagestorm tide4.69
8/28/2011 02:12:00
01411350New Jersey
Cape May
real-time-tide gagestorm tide5.10
8/28/2011 01:24:00
01411355New Jersey
Cape May
real-time-tide gagestorm tide5.00
8/28/2011 01:24:00
01411360New Jersey
Cape May
real-time-tide gagestorm tide5.30
8/28/2011 01:36:00
01411390New Jersey
Cape May
real-time-tide gagestorm tide5.15
8/28/2011 12:24:00
01411435New Jersey
Cape May
real-time-tide gagestorm tide3.66
8/28/2011 04:00:00
01412150New Jersey
Cumberland
real-time-tide gagestorm tide5.56
8/28/2011 02:18:00
01392650New Jersey
Essex
real-time-tide gageriverine7.21
8/28/2011 12:54:00
01406710New Jersey
Middlesex
real-time-tide gageriverine7.58
8/28/2011 11:42:00
01407081New Jersey
Monmouth
real-time-tide gageriverine7.14
8/28/2011 11:48:00
01407600New Jersey
Monmouth
real-time-tide gageriverine6.29
8/28/2011 01:06:00
01411390New Jersey
Cape May
real-time-tide gageriverine5.15
8/27/2011 12:24:00
01302050New York
Queens
real-time streamgageriverine9.46
8/28/2011 13:15:00
01302250New York
Nassau
real-time-tide gagestorm tide9.48
8/28/2011 13:30:00
01302600New York
Nassau
real-time-tide gagestorm tide9.30
8/28/2011 13:30:00
01302845New York
Nassau
real-time-tide gagestorm tide9.13
8/28/2011 14:24:00
01303500New York
Nassau
real-time streamgageriverine9.14
8/28/2011 13:45:00
01304057New York
Suffolk
real-time-tide gagestorm tide8.88
8/28/2011 14:06:00
01304705New York
Suffolk
real-time streamgageriverine7.67
8/28/2011 14:45:00
01309225New York
Suffolk
real-time-tide gagestorm tide5.27
8/28/2011 12:30:00
01310521New York
Nassau
real-time-tide gagestorm tide7.35
8/28/2011 11:36:00
01310740New York
Nassau
real-time-tide gagestorm tide7.07
8/28/2011 11:18:00
01311143New York
Nassau
real-time-tide gagestorm tide7.75
8/28/2011 11:48:00
01311145New York
Nassau
real-time-tide gagestorm tide7.43
8/28/2011 11:18:00
01311850New York
Queens
real-time-tide gagestorm tide7.52
8/28/2011 12:24:00
01311875New York
Queens
real-time-tide gagestorm tide7.58
8/28/2011 11:30:00
01374019New York
Putnam
real-time streamgageriverine7.65
8/28/2011 14:45:00
01376269New York
Rockland
real-time streamgageriverine7.56
8/28/2011 13:30:00
01392650New York
Essex
real-time-tide gagestorm tide7.21
8/28/2011 12:54:00
01302050New York
Queens
real-time streamgageriverine9.46
8/28/2011 01:15:00
01303500New York
Nassau
real-time streamgageriverine9.14
8/28/2011 01:45:00
01304705New York
Suffolk
real-time streamgageriverine7.67
8/28/2011 02:45:00
02084472North Carolina
Beaufort
real-time streamgageriverine6.53
8/27/2011 17:45:00
0208114150North Carolina
Washington
real-time streamgageriverine6.49
8/27/2011 18:00:00
0208436195North Carolina
Beaufort
real-time streamgageriverine6.22
8/27/2011 18:00:00
0209303205North Carolina
Onslow
real-time streamgageriverine1.81
8/27/2011 18:00:00
01118500Rhode Island
Washington
real-time streamgageriverine4.76
8/28/2011 05:00:00
02110725South Carolina
Horry
real-time streamgageriverine3.31
8/27/2011 02:00:00
02110777South Carolina
Horry
real-time streamgageriverine4.98
8/26/2011 22:15:00
02110802South Carolina
Horry
real-time streamgageriverine3.49
8/27/2011 03:00:00
02110815South Carolina
Georgetown
real-time streamgageriverine4.73
8/27/2011 00:00:00
02171700South Carolina
Williamsburg
real-time streamgageriverine4.03
8/27/2011 02:15:00
02171800South Carolina
Georgetown
real-time streamgageriverine4.39
8/26/2011 23:00:00
02171850South Carolina
Charleston
real-time streamgageriverine4.41
8/26/2011 22:45:00
02171905South Carolina
Charleston
real-time streamgageriverine5.46
8/26/2011 22:30:00
02172020South Carolina
Berkeley
real-time streamgageriverine4.77
8/27/2011 01:15:00
02172040South Carolina
Berkeley
real-time streamgageriverine4.05
8/27/2011 01:45:00
02172050South Carolina
Berkeley
real-time streamgageriverine4.77
8/27/2011 00:30:00
02172053South Carolina
Berkeley
real-time streamgageriverine5.14
8/26/2011 23:30:00
021720698South Carolina
Berkeley
real-time streamgageriverine5.28
8/26/2011 22:00:00
021720711South Carolina
Charleston
real-time streamgageriverine5.52
8/26/2011 22:00:00
021720869South Carolina
Charleston
real-time streamgageriverine5.53
8/26/2011 22:45:00

Suggested citation:

McCallum, B.E., Painter, J.A., and Frantz, E.R., 2012, Monitoring inland storm tide and flooding from Hurricane Irene along the Atlantic Coast of the United States, August 2011: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1022, 28 p., available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2012/1022/.


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