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Open-File Report 2013–1139

Hydrothermal Alteration Maps of the Central and Southern Basin and Range Province of the United States Compiled From Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Data

By John C. Mars

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (1.83 MB)Abstract

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data and Interactive Data Language (IDL) logical operator algorithms were used to map hydrothermally altered rocks in the central and southern parts of the Basin and Range province of the United States. The hydrothermally altered rocks mapped in this study include (1) hydrothermal silica-rich rocks (hydrous quartz, chalcedony, opal, and amorphous silica), (2) propylitic rocks (calcite-dolomite and epidote-chlorite mapped as separate mineral groups), (3) argillic rocks (alunite-pyrophyllite-kaolinite), and (4) phyllic rocks (sericite-muscovite). A series of hydrothermal alteration maps, which identify the potential locations of hydrothermal silica-rich, propylitic, argillic, and phyllic rocks on Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) band 7 orthorectified images, and ArcGIS1 shape files of hydrothermal alteration units are provided in this study.

First posted November 21, 2013

Revised April 8, 2014

For additional information contact:
John C. Mars

or

Eastern Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive
MS 954 National Center
Reston, VA 20192(br> http://minerals.usgs.gov/east/newgeospatial/index.html

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Suggested citation:

Mars, J.C., 2013, Hydrothermal alteration maps of the central and southern Basin and Range province of the United States compiled from Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data (ver. 1.1, April 8, 2014): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013–1139, 5 p., 13 plates, scale 1:1,300,000, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20131139. (Available only online.)

ISSN 2331-1258 (online)



Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Data and Processing Methods

Map Description

References Cited


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