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Professional Paper 1787

Baseline and Projected Future Carbon Storage and Greenhouse-Gas Fluxes in the Great Plains Region of the United States

By Zhiliang Zhu (editor), Michelle Bouchard, David Butman, Todd Hawbaker, Zhengpeng Li, Jinxun Liu, Shuguang Liu, Cory McDonald, Ryan Reker, Kristi Sayler, Benjamin Sleeter, Terry Sohl, Sarah Stackpoole, Anne Wein, and Zhiliang Zhu

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (10.4 MB)Abstract

This assessment was conducted to fulfill the requirements of section 712 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 and to improve understanding of carbon and greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes in the Great Plains region in the central part of the United States. The assessment examined carbon storage, carbon fluxes, and other GHG fluxes (methane and nitrous oxide) in all major terrestrial ecosystems (forests, grasslands/shrublands, agricultural lands, and wetlands) and freshwater aquatic systems (rivers, streams, lakes, and impoundments) in two time periods: baseline (generally in the first half of the 2010s) and future (projections from baseline to 2050). The assessment was based on measured and observed data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and many other agencies and organizations and used remote sensing, statistical methods, and simulation models.

Revised December 16, 2011

First posted December 5, 2011

For additional information contact:
Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program
U.S. Geological Survey
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MS 519A National Center
Reston, Virginia 20192
http://gam.usgs.gov

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Suggested citation:

Zhu, Zhiliang, ed., Bouchard, Michelle, Butman, David, Hawbaker, Todd, Li, Zhengpeng, Liu, Jinxun, Liu, Shuguang, McDonald, Cory, Reker, Ryan, Sayler, Kristi, Sleeter, Benjamin, Sohl, Terry, Stackpoole, Sarah, Wein, Anne, and Zhu, Zhiliang, 2011, Baseline and projected future carbon storage and greenhouse-gas fluxes in the Great Plains region of the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1787, 28 p. (Also available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1787/.)



Contents

Acknowledgments

Executive Summary

Introduction

Ecosystems of the Great Plains Region

Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes in the Great Plains Region

Projected Climate Change in the Great Plains Region

Wildland Fire and Emissions in the Great Plains Region

Land Management in the Great Plains Region

Carbon Storage and Greenhouse-Gas Fluxes of Terrestrial Ecosystems in the Great Plains Region

Carbon Fluxes in the Aquatic Ecosystems of the Great Plains Region

Integrated Analysis

References Cited


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