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U.S. Geological Survey Karst Interest Group Proceedings, Rapid City, South Dakota, September 12-15, 2005

U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5160
Edited by Eve L. Kuniansky


Introduction and Acknowledgments

Agenda, U.S. Geological Survey Karst Interest Group Workshop

National Programs

Establishing the National Cave and Karst Research Institute as a Robust Research and Education Center, by Louise D. Hose

Geophysical Methods for Karst Studies

The State of the Art of Geophysics and Karst: A General Literature Review, by D.V. Smith

Review of Airborne Electromagnetic Geophysical Surveys over Karst Terrains, by Bruce D. Smith, Jeffrey T. Gamey, and Greg Hodges

Overview of Karst Effects and Karst Detection in Seismic Data from the Oak Ridge Reservation, Tennessee, by W.E. Doll, B.J. Carr, and J.R. Sheehan, and W.A. Mandell

Application of Seismic Refraction Tomography to Karst Cavities, by Jacob R. Sheehan, and William E. Doll, David B. Watson, and Wayne A. Mandell

Borehole Geophysical Techniques to Determine Groundwater Flow in the Freshwater/Saline-Water Transition of the Edwards Aquifer, South Central Texas, by R.B. Lambert, A.G. Hunt, and G.P. Stanton, and John Waugh

An Evaluation of Methods Used to Measure Horizontal Borehole Flow, by Wayne A. Mandell, James R. Ursic, William H. Pedler, Jeffrey J. Jantos, E. Randall Bayless, and Kirk G. Thideaux

The Edwards Aquifer, Texas

Characterization of Hydrostratigraphic Units of the Capture, Recharge, and Confining Zones of the Edwards Aquifer using Electrical and Natural Gamma Signatures, Medina, Uvalde, And Bexar Counties, Texas, by Bruce D. Smith, Allan K. Clark, Jason R. Faith, and Gregory P. Stanton

Use of Helium Isotopes to Discriminate Between Flow Paths Associated with the Freshwater/Saline Water Transition Zone of the Edwards Aquifer, South Central Texas, by Andrew G. Hunt, Rebecca B. Lambert, Gary P. Landis, and John Waugh

Airborne and Ground Electrical Surveys of the Edwards and Trinity aquifers, Medina, Uvalde, and Bexar Counties, Texas, by Bruce D. Smith, David V. Smith, Jeffrey G. Paine, and Jared D. Abraham

Magnetic Geophysical Applications Reveal Igneous Rocks and Geologic Structures in the Edwards Aquifer, Texas, by D.V. Smith, C. Foss, and B.D. Smith

Structural Controls on Karst Development in Fractured Carbonate Rock, Edwards and Trinity Aquifers, South-Central Texas, by Jason R. Faith, Charles D. Blome, Allan K. Clark, George B. Ozuna, and Bruce D. Smith

Numerical Modeling of Karst Systems

Simulating Ground-Water Flow in the Karstic Madison Aquifer using a Porous Media Model, by L.D. Putnam and A.J. Long

Dual Conductivity Module (DCM), A MODFLOW Package for Modeling Flow in Karst Aquifers, by Scott L. Painter, Ronald T. Green, and Alexander Y. Sun

Conceptualization and Simulation of the Edwards Aquifer, San Antonio Region, Texas, by R.J. Lindgren, A.R. Dutton, S.D. Hovorka, S.R.H. Worthington, and Scott Painter

The role of MODFLOW in numerical modeling of karst flow systems, by J. J. Quinn, David Tomasko, and J.A. Kuiper

Springs and the Use of Geochemistry in Karst Studies

The Case of the Underground Passage: Putting the Clues Together to Understand Karst Processes, by B. Mahler, B. Garnier, and N. Massei

Spatial and Temporal Variations in Epikarst Storage and Flow in South Central Kentucky’s Pennyroyal Plateau Sinkhole Plain, by Chris Groves, Carl Bolster, and Joe Meiman

Comparison of Water Chemistry in Spring and Well Samples from Selected Carbonate Aquifers in the United States, by Marian P. Berndt, Brian G. Katz, Bruce D. Lindsey, Ann F. Ardis, and Kenneth A. Skach

Interpretation of Water Chemistry and Stable Isotope Data from a Karst Aquifer According to Flow Regimes Identified through Hydrograph Recession Analysis, by D.H. Doctor and E.C. Alexander, Jr.

Hydrogeologic Mapping and Tracer Techniques in Karst Areas

An Appalachian Regional Karst Map and Progress Towards a New National Karst Map, by D.J. Weary

Hydrogeologic Framework Mapping of Shallow, Conduit-Dominated Karst—Components of a Regional GIS-Based Approach, by Charles J. Taylor, Hugh L. Nelson Jr., Gregg Hileman, and William P. Kaiser

Application of Multiple Tracers to Characterize Sediment and Pathogen Transport in Karst, by Tiong Ee Ting, Ralph K. Davis, J.V. Brahana, P.D. Hays, and Greg Thoma

Estimating Ground-Water Age Distributions from CFC and Tritium Data in the Madison Aquifer, Black Hills, South Dakota, by Andrew J. Long and Larry D. Putnam

A Multi-Tracer Approach for Evaluating the Transport of Whirling Disease to Mammoth Creek Fish Hatchery Springs, Southwestern Utah, by Larry E. Spangler, Meiping Tong, and William Johnson

Black Hills and Evaporite Karst

National Evaporite Karst—Some Western Examples, by Jack B. Epstein

Gypsum and Carbonate Karst Along the I-90 Development Corridor, Black Hills, South Dakota, by Larry D. Stetler and Arden D. Davis

Karst Features as Animal Traps: Approximately 500,000 Years Of Pleistocene And Holocene Fauna and Paleoenvironmental Data in the Northern High Plains, by Larry D. Agenbroad and Kristine M. Thompson

Developing a Cave Potential Map of Wind Cave to Guide Exploration Efforts, by Rodney D. Horrocks

The Potential Extent of the Jewel Cave System, by Michael E. Wiles

Karst Studies in Arkansas and the Ozarks

Geologic Controls on a Transition Between Karst Aquifers at Buffalo National River, Northern Arkansas, by Mark R. Hudson, David N. Mott, and Kenzie J. Turner, and Kyle E. Murray

Quantification of Hydrologic Budget Parameters for the Vadose Zone and Epikarst in Mantled Karst, by J.V. Brahana, Tiong Ee Ting, Mohammed Al-Qinna, John F. Murdoch, Ralph K. Davis, Jozef Laincz, Jonathan J. Killingbeck, Eva Szilvagyi, Margaret Doheny-Skubic, Indrajeet Chaubey, P.D. Hays, and Gregg Thoma

Characterization of Nutrient Processing at the Field and Basin Scale in the Mantled Karst of the Savoy Experimental Watershed, Arkansas, by Jozef Laincz, .P.D. Hays, Sue Ziegler, Byron Winston, J.V. Brahana, Ken Steele, Indrajeet Chaubey, and Ralph K. Davis

Water Supply and Land Use Issues in Karst Areas

Transport Potential of Cryptosporidium parvum Oocysts in a Drinking-Water, Karstic-Limestone Aquifer: What We Have Learned Using Oocyst-Sized Microspheres in a 100-m Convergent Tracer Test at Miami's Northwest Well Field, by Ronald W. Harvey, Allen M. Shapiro, Robert A. Renken, David W. Metge, Joseph N. Ryan, Christina L. Osborn, and Kevin J. Cunningham

Ground-Water Quality Near a Swine Waste Lagoon in a Mantled Karst Terrane in Northwestern Arkansas, by Christopher M. Hobza, David C. Moffit, Danny P. Goodwin, Timothy Kresse, John Fazio, John V. Brahana, and Phillip D. Hays

Vulnerability (Risk) Mapping of the Madison Aquifer near Rapid City, South Dakota, by Scott L. Miller,
Arden D. Davis, and Alvis L. Lisenbee

Hydrogeologic Characteristics of Four Public Drinking-Water Supply Springs in the Ozark Plateaus
of Northern Arkansas, by Joel M. Galloway

Adaptation of the Residence Time Distribution (RTD)-Biodegradation Model to Quantify Peroxide-Enhanced Fuel Biodegradation in a Single Karst Well, by Lashun K. King, Roger D. Painter, and T.D. Byl

Free-Living Bacteria or Attached Bacteria: Which Contributes More to Bioremediation? by Roger D. Painter, Shawkat Kochary, and T.D. Byl

Desorption Isotherms for Toluene and Karstic Materials and Implications for Transport in Karst Aquifers, by Mario Beddingfield, Khalid Ahmed, Roger Painter, and T.D. Byl

Computer Program that Uses Residence-Time Distribution and First-Order Biodegradation to Predict BTEX Fate in Karst Aquifers, by Ryan Fitzwater, Roger Painter, Valetta Watson, and T.D. Byl

Lactate Induction of Ammonia-Oxidizing Bacteria and PCE Cometabolism, by LyTreese Hampton, Roneisha Graham, and T.D. Byl

Biodegradation of Toluene as It Continuously Enters a 5-Liter Laboratory Karst System, by Fuzail Faridi, Roger Painter, and T.D. Byl

Bacteria Induced Dissolution of Limestone in Fuel-Contaminated Karst Wells, by Serge Mondesir and T. D. Byl

Field Trip Guides

Introduction to Three Field Trip Guides: Karst Features in the Black Hills, Wyoming and South Dakota, Prepared for the Karst Interest Group Workshop, September 2005, by Jack B. Epstein and Larry D. Putnam

Field Trip Guide 1 Karst Features of the Southern Black Hills, South Dakota, Karst Interest Group Workshop, September 12, 2005, by Jack B. Epstein, Larry Agenbroad, Mark Fahrenbach, Rodney D. Horrocks, Andrew J. Long, Larry D. Putnam, J. Foster Sawyer, and Kristine M. Thompson

Field Trip Guide 2 Karst Features of the Northern Black Hills, South Dakota and Wyoming, Karst Interest Group workshop, September 15, 2005, by Jack B. Epstein, Arden D. Davis, Andrew J. Long, Larry D. Putnam, and J.Foster Sawyer

Field Trip Guide 3 for a Self-Guided Trip to Karst Features of the Western Black Hills, Wyoming and South Dakota, Karst Interest Group Workshop, September 12-15, 2005, by Jack B. Epstein