Scientific Investigations Report 2011–5076
The early life stages of Asian carp are well described by Yi and others (1988), but since these descriptions are represented by line drawings based only on live individuals and lacked temperature controls, further information on developmental time and stages is of use to expand understanding of early life stages of these species. Bighead carp and silver carp were cultured under two different temperature treatments to the one-chamber gas bladder stage, and a photographic guide is provided for bighead carp and silver carp embryonic and larval development, including notes about egg morphology and larval swimming behavior. Preliminary information on developmental time and hourly thermal units for each stage is also provided. Both carp species developed faster under warmer conditions. Developmental stages and behaviors are generally consistent with earlier works with the exception that strong vertical swimming immediately after hatching was documented in this report.
First posted August 9, 2011
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Chapman, D.C., George, A.E., 2011, Developmental rate and behavior of early life stages of bighead carp and silver carp: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011–5076, 11 p.
Materials And Methods
Appendix 1. Bighead carp
Appendix 2. Silver carp