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Techniques and Methods 2-E3

USGS Polar Temperature Logging System, Description and Measurement Uncertainties

By Gary D. Clow

Abstract

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This paper provides an updated technical description of the USGS Polar Temperature Logging System (PTLS) and a complete assessment of the measurement uncertainties. This measurement system is used to acquire subsurface temperature data for climate-change detection in the polar regions and for reconstructing past climate changes using the "borehole paleothermometry" inverse method. Specifically designed for polar conditions, the PTLS can measure temperatures as low as –60º Celsius with a sensitivity ranging from 0.02 to 0.19 millikelvin (mK). A modular design allows the PTLS to reach depths as great as 4.5 kilometers with a skid-mounted winch unit or 650 meters with a small helicopter-transportable unit. The standard uncertainty (uT) of the ITS-90 temperature measurements obtained with the current PTLS range from 3.0 mK at –60º Celsius to 3.3 mK at 0º Celsius. Relative temperature measurements used for borehole paleothermometry have a standard uncertainty (urT) whose upper limit ranges from 1.6 mK at –60º Celsius to 2.0 mK at 0º Celsius. The uncertainty of a temperature sensor's depth during a log depends on specific borehole conditions and the temperature near the winch and thus must be treated on a case-by-case basis. However, recent experience indicates that when logging conditions are favorable, the 4.5-kilometer system is capable of producing depths with a standard uncertainty (uZ) on the order of 200–250 parts per million.

Version 1.0

Posted September 2008

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Suggested citation:

Clow, Gary D., 2008, USGS Polar Temperature Logging System, Description and Measurement Uncertainties: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 2–E3, 24 p.



Contents

1 Introduction

2 System Description

3 Measurement Uncertainties

4 Summary

Appendix: Nomenclature

References


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