In most developed countries, the maintenance of the numbers of wildlife1 is vested in the natural resource agencies of those countries. During earlier times, game species were the primary focus of natural resource agencies2,3 however, current wildlife conservation continues to transition towards a more holistic focus on biodiversity4 and environmental health5,6. Nevertheless, that transition lags behind in addressing wildlife disease in “…the struggle for existence between different forms of life…”.7 Thus, the primary objective of this presentation is to provide a pragmatic assessment of wildlife disease that is irrespective of one’s orientation towards wildlife conservation. A secondary objective is to highlight the changing role of disease over time as a wildlife conservation factor. That transition is relevant to the insights provided for current and future efforts focused on sustaining global biodiversity and desired levels of wildlife populations in nature.
1 Burnet, F.C., 1940, Natural history of infectious disease (1st ed): New York, The MacMillan Company, 310 p.
First posted December 29, 2014
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Friend, Milton, 2014, Why bother about wildlife disease?: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1401, 76 p., https://dx.doi.org/10.3133/cir1401.
ISSN 2330-5703 (online)
Conversion Factors and Abbreviations
Points to Ponder
Changing Times and Changing Needs
A New World Has Dawned
Appendix 1. Diseases Cited and Their Causative Pathogens
Appendix 2. Common and Scientific Names for Species Cited