U.S. Geological Survey


The Survey at 100

For Menard's first full fiscal year in office, a year that included the centennial of the establishment of the U.S. Geological Survey, the Survey's appropriation was about $640 million, augmented to 3.7 times the appropriation for the fiscal year 1972 for contractual services in connection with the operation of the National Petroleum Reserve and by the persistent inflation of the 1970's. The total funds available were about $765 million. The Survey staff numbered more than 12,000 scientists, engineers, technicians, and administrative and support personnel, about three-fourths of them full-time employees.

Figure 46. Photo shows the Alaska Pipeline in the Klutina River Valley.

Figure 46. The Alaska Pipeline, shown here in the Klutina River Valley, was the subject of an intensive environmental-impact investigation before it was approved in 1973.

The 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Survey, one of only a very few Federal agencies to survive for 100 years with its original name and mission unchanged, was celebrated in ceremonies at the National Center and other major facilities on March 2 and 3, an international symposium in the fall of 1979 on resources for the 21st century, in symposia or technical sessions at meetings of the Geological Society of America, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Chemical Society, the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, the National Academy of Sciences, the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, and the American Society of Photogrammetry, and in articles in newspapers and magazines. The Survey itself issued two special publications--"Maps for America," covering the cartographic products of the Survey and other agencies, and "Minerals, Lands, and Geology for the Common Defence and General Welfare * * * Before 1879," the first of several volumes on the history of geology in relation to the development of public-land, Federal-science, and mapping policies and the development of mineral resources in the United States.

Figure 47. Photo of Henry William Menard, Director of the U.S.
Geological Survey, 1978-1981.

Figure 47. Henry William Menard, Director of the U.S. Geological Survey, 1978-1981.


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