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Data Series 811

Occurrence of Pesticides in Groundwater and Sediments and Mineralogy of Sediments and Grain Coatings underlying the Rutgers Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Upper Deerfield, New Jersey, 2007

By Timothy J. Reilly, Kelly L. Smalling, Michael T. Meyer, Mark W. Sandstrom, Michelle L. Hladik, Adam R. Boehlke, Neil S. Fishman, William A. Battaglin, and Kathryn M. Kuivila

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (1.5 MB)Abstract

Water and sediment samples were collected from June through October 2007 from seven plots at the Rutgers Agricultural Research and Extension Center in Upper Deerfield, New Jersey, and analyzed for a suite of pesticides (including fungicides) and other physical and chemical parameters (including sediment mineralogy) by the U.S. Geological Survey. Plots were selected for inclusion in this study on the basis of the crops grown and the pesticides used. Forty-one pesticides were detected in 14 water samples; these include 5 fungicides, 13 herbicides, 1 insecticide, and 22 pesticide degradates. The following pesticides and pesticide degradates were detected in 50 percent or more of the groundwater samples: 1-amide-4-hydroxy-chorothalonil, alachlor sulfonic acid, metolachlor oxanilic acid, metolachlor sulfonic acid, metalaxyl, and simazine. Dissolved-pesticide concentrations ranged from below their instrumental limit of detection to 36 micrograms per liter (for metolachlor sulfonic acid, a degradate of the herbicide metolachlor). The total number of pesticides found in groundwater samples ranged from 0 to 29. Fourteen pesticides were detected in sediment samples from continuous cores collected within each of the seven sampled plots; these include 4 fungicides, 2 herbicides, and 7 pesticide degradates. Pesticide concentrations in sediment samples ranged from below their instrumental limit of detection to 34.2 nanograms per gram (for azoxystrobin). The total number of pesticides found in sediment samples ranged from 0 to 8. Quantitative whole-rock and grain-coating mineralogy of sediment samples were determined by x-ray diffraction. Whole-rock analysis indicated that sediments were predominantly composed of quartz. The materials coating the quartz grains were removed to allow quantification of the trace mineral phases present.

First posted May 6, 2014

For additional information, contact:
Director, New Jersey Water Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
3450 Princeton Pike, Suite 110
Lawerenceville, NJ 08648
http://nj.usgs.gov/

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Suggested citation:

Reilly, T.J., Smalling, K.L., Meyer, M.T., Sandstrom, M.W., Hladik, M.L., Boehlke, A.R., Fishman, N.S., Battaglin, W.A., and Kuivila, K.M., 2014, Occurrence of pesticides in groundwater and sediments and mineralogy of sediments and grain coatings underlying the Rutgers Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Upper Deerfield, New Jersey, 2007: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 811, 53 p., https://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds811.

ISSN 2327-638X (online)



Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Methods

Occurrence of Pesticides in Groundwater and Sediment

Summary

References Cited


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