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U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 569

FGDC Metadata


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Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Arnell S. Forde
Originator: Shawn V. Dadisman
Originator: James G. Flocks
Originator: Dana S. Wiese
Publication_Date: 2011
Title:
Archive of Digital Chirp Sub-bottom Profile Data Collected During USGS Cruises 08CCT02 and 08CCT03, Mississippi Gulf Islands, July and September 2008
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Sub-bottom Profile Section
Series_Information:
Series_Name: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series
Issue_Identification: 569

Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: St. Petersburg, FL
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/569/>

Description:
Abstract:
In July and September of 2008, the U.S. Geological Survey conducted geophysical surveys to investigate the geologic controls on island framework from Ship Island to Horn Island, MS, as part of a broader USGS study on Coastal Change and Transport (CCT). This report serves as an archive of unprocessed digital Chirp sub-bottom profile data, trackline maps, navigation files, GIS information, FACS logs, observer's logbook, and formal FGDC metadata. Gained digital images of the sub-bottom profiles are also provided.
Purpose:
To archive all digital Chirp sub-bottom profile data and associated files collected during cruises 08CCT02 and 08CCT03.
Supplemental_Information:
The USGS St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center (SPCMSC) assigns a unique identifier to each cruise or field activity. For example, 08CCT02 and 08CCT03 tells us the data were collected in 2008 for research on Coastal Change and Transport (CCT) and the data were collected during the second and third field activity for that study in that calendar year. Refer to <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/activity.html> for a detailed description of the method used to assign the cruise or field activity ID. The naming convention used for each sub-bottom line is as follows: yye##a, where 'yy' are the last two digits of the year in which the data were collected, 'e' is a 1-letter abbreviation for the equipment type (for example, c for Chirp), '##' is a 2-digit number representing a specific track, and 'a' is a letter representing the section of a line if recording was prematurely terminated or rerun for quality or acquisition problems.

The Chirp system uses a signal of continuously varying frequency. The towfish is a sound source and receiver, which is typically towed 1 - 2 m below the sea surface. The acoustic energy is reflected at density boundaries (such as the seafloor or sediment layers beneath the seafloor), detected by a receiver, and recorded by a PC-based seismic acquisition system. This process is repeated at timed intervals (for example, 0.125 s) and recorded for specific intervals of time (for example, 50 ms). In this way, a two-dimensional vertical image of the shallow geologic structure beneath the ship track is produced.

The seismic source employed for Chirp data collection consisted of an EdgeTech SB-424 towfish running EdgeTech's DISCOVER version 3.42 acquisition software and towed about 2 m behind the GPS antenna. The frequency range for both cruises was usually 4 - 16 kHz; however, the frequency range for lines 08c535 - 08c548 and 08c578 - 08c583 of 08CCT02 was 4 - 24 kHz. Sample frequency of the data was 43 kHz, and record length was approximately 75 ms. Shot spacing was about 0.386 m.

Standard SEG-Y format allows for the collection of 3 channels of trace data for each recorded shot of Chirp data. Channel 2 is the "real," or in-phase component of the signal, channel 1 is the "imaginary," or quadrature component of the signal, and channel 0 is the "envelope," or product of channels 1 and 2. The acquisition software used for these cruises only saves the envelope data; consequenly, only channel 0 was used to produce the profiles presented here.

The archived trace data are in standard SEG-Y, IBM float format (Barry and others, 1975), the first 3,200 bytes of the card image header is in EBCDIC format. The SEG-Y files may be downloaded and processed with commercial or public domain software such as Seismic Unix (SU) (Cohen and Stockwell, 2010). See the How To Download SEG-Y Data page for download instructions. The SEG-Y formatted trace files have a .sgy extension. Also provided are example SU scripts that allow the user to strip off navigation fixes from the SEG-Y headers, along with a fix for every 1,000 shots, and produce a printable, gained GIF image of each profile. The processed SEG-Y data were exported to Chesapeake Technology, Inc. (CTI) SonarWeb software to produce a geospatially interactive version of the profile that allows the user to obtain a geographic location and depth from the profile for a given cursor position. This information is displayed in the status bar of the browser. NOTE: The only supported Web browsers that properly display all features of the geospatial profiles are Internet Explorer 8 or greater for Windows and Firefox 3.6 or greater for all platforms. For both browsers, the status bar and JavaScript must be enabled. Firefox also requires "Change status bar text" to be checked under Advanced JavaScript Options. If using Internet Explorer 8, you must disable scripts/Active X controls. To do this, right click the information bar (found at the top of the page), left click "Allow Blocked Content...", and then select "Yes". Use of other browsers may result in spurious or no information given in the status window. Firefox may be downloaded at <http://www.mozilla.org/products/firefox>.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20080708
Ending_Date: 20080926

Currentness_Reference: Data collection interval

Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned

Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -89.003140
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -88.654523
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.267508
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.202395

Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificinformation
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: General
Theme_Keyword: Geology
Theme_Keyword: Coastal information
Theme_Keyword: Marine
Theme_Keyword: Sub-bottom profile
Theme_Keyword: Seismic reflection
Theme_Keyword: Chirp
Theme_Keyword: Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Theme_Keyword: SEG-Y
Theme_Keyword: Coastal Change and Transport
Theme_Keyword: CCT
Theme_Keyword: 08CCT02
Theme_Keyword: 08CCT03

Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Content Charcterization
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: Mississippi
Place_Keyword: East Ship Island
Place_Keyword: West Ship Island
Place_Keyword: Horn Island
Place_Keyword: Biloxi Bay
Place_Keyword: Dog Keys Pass
Place_Keyword: Mississippi Sound
Place_Keyword: Gulf of Mexico

Access_Constraints: None. These data are held in the public domain.
Use_Constraints:
The USGS requests that it be acknowledged as originator of the data in future products or derivative research.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: James Flocks
Contact_Organization: USGS

Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 600 4th Street South
City: Saint Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: (727) 803-8747 ext. 3012
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jflocks@usgs.gov

Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/569/maps/cruisenav/08cct02_03_location.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Location map of all digital sub-bottom profile data collected during USGS field activities 08CCT02 and 08CCT03. This map was created at a scale of 1:727,850.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG

Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/569/maps/cruisenav/08cct02_area1.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Trackline map of digital sub-bottom profile data collected offhore of West Ship Island (refer to Area 1 on the location map) during USGS field activity 08CCT02. This map was created at a scale of 1:39,370.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG

Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/569/maps/cruisenav/08cct02_area2.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Trackline location map of digital sub-bottom profile data collected offshore of East Ship Island (refer to Area 2 on the location map) during USGS field activity 08CCT02. This map was created at a scale of 1:59,500.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG

Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/569/maps/cruisenav/08cct02_area2a.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Detailed trackline map of digital sub-bottom profile data collected offshore of East Ship Island (refer to Area 2a on the location map) during USGS field activity 08CCT02. This map was created at a scale of 1:31,480.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG

Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/569/maps/cruisenav/08cct02_area2b.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Detailed trackline map of digital sub-bottom profile data collected offshore of East Ship Island (refer to Area 2b on the location map) during USGS field activity 08CCT02. This map was created at a scale of 1:30,000.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG

Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/569/maps/cruisenav/08cct02_area3.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Trackline map of digital sub-bottom profile data collected offshore of Horn Island (refer to Area 3 on the location map) during USGS field activity 08CCT02. This map was created at a scale of 1:66,650.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG

Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/569/maps/cruisenav/08cct02_area3a.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Detailed trackline map of digital sub-bottom profile data collected in Dog Keys Pass and offshore of Horn Island (refer to Area 3a on the Area 3 map) during USGS field activity 08CCT02. This map was created at a scale of 1:22,360.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG

Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/569/maps/cruisenav/08cct03_location.jpg>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Location map of all digital sub-bottom profile data collected during USGS field activity 08CCT03. This map was created at a scale of 1:83,550. Refer to the Lineage section below for the trackline map creation process and other details.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG

Data_Set_Credit:

Funding for this study was provided by the USGS CMGP. We thank R/V Survey Cat captains Nancy DeWitt and B.J. Reynolds of the USGS - St. Petersburg, FL, for their assistance in data collection. This document was improved by the reviews of Ray Sliter (USGS - Menlo Park, CA) and Ginger Tiling-Range (Jacobs Technology Inc. - St. Petersburg, FL).

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The validity or accuracy of marine sub-bottom profile profiles is highly qualitative and depends on equipment and operating condition variables. Visual inspection of the images rendered from the data did not show any major anomalies.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
This dataset is from two field activities with consistent instrument calibrations.
Completeness_Report:
These data are collected along tracklines (2-D) and are therefore inherently incomplete. Geologic details between lines must be inferred. An unknown software malfunction resulted in no SEG-Y data being recorded to the headers for lines 08c565, 08c656 and 08c674.

Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
As the sub-bottom profile data were acquired, the position of the vessel was continuously determined by a Coda Octopus F190 receiver, which is accurate to within 20 cm. Positions were recorded and written to the SEG-Y trace headers in latitude and longitude coordinates about every 1 s. The ASCII navigation files and trackline maps have not been corrected to reflect the approximately 2-m offset between the Chirp and GPS antenna. Refer to figure 1 included with this archive (Data Series 569) for a diagram of the acquisition geometries, including the GPS offset measurements. Line navigation maps and interactive profiles generated with CTI SonarWeb software have been corrected for the GPS offsets.

Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
These data are not to be used for bathymetry. Depths shown on the Chirp profiles are relative to the depth of the towfish, not to sea level. Furthermore, the raising or lowering of the towfish during a survey (to avoid obstacles or follow relief) produces a relative shift in the multiple reflections seen in the profile, which may be confused as a geologic feature. Any elevation change of the towfish is recorded in the logbooks and is evident on the sub-bottom profiles by steep, abrupt shifts in the seafloor return.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
SEG-Y header processing: An issue associated with the acquisition software caused incorrect, initial field record numbers, to be recorded to the trace headers for all lines; consequently, they were renumbered to start at 1 (this was achieved by using the trace sequence numer within line [tracl] header values instead of the recorded shot values) during post-processing. These corrected SEG-Y files are included in this archive.
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Chirp processing: The SEG-Y data were processed with Seismic Unix to produce gained GIF images of the sub-bottom profiles included in this report. A representative Chirp data processing sequence consisted of (1) stripping off navigation data and channel 0 for each shot and converting to SU format, (2) applying automatic gain control, (3) displaying PostScript, and (4) converting of PostScript image to a GIF image.
All the processed SEG-Y data were then exported to CTI SonarWeb software to produce a geospatially interactive version of each profile that allows the user to obtain a geographic location and depth for a given cursor position on the profile. Refer to the Supplemental Information section above for details on how to use the interactive profiles.
Process_Date: 2008
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Arnell S. Forde
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey

Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 600 4th Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701

Contact_Voice_Telephone: (727) 803-8747, ext. 3111
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: aharrison@usgs.gov

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Navigation processing: Shotpoint navigation, start of line, and 1,000-shot-interval location files were extracted using Seismic Unix software and output as ASCII text files; they were then processed with PROJ.4.7.0 (<http://trac.osgeo.org/proj/>) to generate UTM coordinates from latitude and longitude coordinates. Text files for each seismic line were concatenated into two comma-delimited text files (for use with ESRI software), one containing unique shotpoint positions (08cct02.txt and 08cct03.txt) and another containing the 1,000 shot interval locations (s08cct02.txt and s08cct03.txt); both can be viewed within the nav folder, refer to the Browse_Graphic section above for details.
Process_Date: 2008

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
All concatenated, comma-delimited text files were imported into ArcGIS and saved as either a point or polyline file in the ESRI shapefile format.
Process_Date: 2008

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Trackline map creation: The trackline maps and shapefiles provided in this archive were created using the Points to Lines ArcScript (D. Rathert, <http://arcscripts.esri.com/details.asp?dbid=12702>) along with ESRI ArcGIS 9.3 software and then exported to Adobe Illustrator for further editing. The maps were later converted into JPEG format by Adobe GoLive version 8.0.1. The maps are unprojected (geographic coordinates, WGS84). The cities and interstates layers used on the trackline maps were created by ESRI. The USGS is the originator of all other layers used. A map of trackline navigation for each sub-bottom profile was also produced with CTI SonarWeb software.
Process_Date: 2008

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Data Series preparation: In addition to the process steps described above, the following steps were taken to produce this Data Series: the handwritten logs were scanned and saved as PDF files, digital FACS logs were created using the handwritten logs and personal accounts of the crew members and saved as PDF files, and an HTML-based format was used to present the various parts of this archive.
Process_Date: 2010


Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference:
Horizontal X and Y locations (latitude and longitude coordinates) for each shot are provided as ASCII text files, along with the day of year and time (UTC) the shot was recorded.


Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal Degrees

Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: WGS84
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.25722210100002


Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label:
08cct02.txt, s08cct02.txt, and 08cct02_s.txt; 08cct03.txt, s08cct03.txt, and 08cct03_s.txt
Entity_Type_Definition: Shotpoint navigation files
Entity_Type_Definition_Source:
Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG)-Y headers (<http://www.seg.org/resources/publications/misc/technical-standards>).

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID*
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape*
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTMX
Attribute_Definition: UTM-X coordinate (Zone 16)
Attribute_Definition_Source: Universal Transverse Mercator Geographic Coordinate System
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 340738
Range_Domain_Maximum: 307302

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTMY
Attribute_Definition: UTM-Y coordinate (Zone 16)
Attribute_Definition_Source: Universal Transverse Mercator Geographic Coordinate System
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 3342369
Range_Domain_Maximum: 3350126

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Line
Attribute_Definition: Trackline number
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 08c01
Range_Domain_Maximum: 08c729

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shot
Attribute_Definition: Shotpoint number
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 20000

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lon
Attribute_Definition: Longitude (decimal degrees)
Attribute_Definition_Source: World Geodetic System 1984 Geographic Coordinate System
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -89.274896
Range_Domain_Maximum: -88.856922

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lat
Attribute_Definition: Latitude (decimal degrees)
Attribute_Definition_Source: World Geodetic System 1984 Geographic Coordinate System
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 29.419127
Range_Domain_Maximum: 30.143049

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: YEAR
Attribute_Definition: Year
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 2008
Range_Domain_Maximum: 2008

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DOY:HR:MIN:SEC
Attribute_Definition: Day of year:hour:minute:second
Attribute_Definition_Source: Coordinated Universal Time
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Day of year, hour, minute and second of data acquisition
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Binary data file: Trace data are available as binary files in SEG-Y format. These files have a .sgy extension and range in size from 3 to 492 MB.

Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Graphic image file: Printable profiles are available as GIF images. Interactive profiles are available as HTML pages with accompanying JPEG images. The line navigation maps and trackline maps are JPEG images. The trackline maps contain links to the sub-bottom profiles and line navigation maps.
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Navigation file: Navigation files are available as ASCII text files. Provided are raw (unprocessed) shotpoint navigation files, processed shotpoint navigation files, and processed 1,000-shot-interval location files. Fields/Attributes [FID, Shape] marked above with an asterisk (*) were created by ESRI ArcGIS and are used exclusively by the shapefiles created from the aforementioned .txt files; these fields are not included in the original navigation files. All remaing attributes listed in the above section that do not have an accompanying asterisk are found in 08cct02.txt, s08cct02.txt, and 08cct02_s.txt; 08cct03.txt, s08cct03.txt, and 08cct03_s.
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
GIS file: The GIS project used to create the trackline maps is provided as a .zip file composed of ESRI map documents, shapefiles, and metadata.

Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Barry, K.M., Cavers, D.A., and Kneale, C.W., 1975, Recommended standards for digital tape formats: Geophysics, v. 40, no. 2, p. 344-352. Also available on-line at http://www.seg.org/resources/publications/misc/technical-standards.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Cohen, J.K., and Stockwell, J.W., Jr., 2010, CWP/SU: Seismic Unix Release 41: A free package for seismic research and processing: Center for Wave Phenomena, Colorado School of Mines. Available on-line at <http://www.cwp.mines.edu/cwpcodes/>.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Zihlman, F.N., 1992, DUMPSEGY V.1.0: A program to examine the contents of SEG-Y disk-image seismic data: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-590, 28 p. Also available on-line at <http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/ofr/ofr92590>.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Disc Image Credit: Descloitres, J., MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2001, Mississippi.A2001361.1640.250m.jpg. Available on-line at <http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view_rec.php?id=2364>


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Arnell Forde
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey

Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 600 4th Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: (727) 803-8747, ext. 3111
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: aharrison@usgs.gov
Contact_Instructions: All of this report except the SEG-Y files is available on-line.

Resource_Description: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 569
Distribution_Liability:
This DVD publication was prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution imply any such warranty. The U.S. Geological Survey shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and (or) contained herein. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: SEG-Y
Format_Information_Content:
The SEG-Y standard format (Barry and others, 1975) consists of the following: a 3,600-byte reel identification header, with the first 3,200 bytes consisting of an EBCDIC header block followed by a 400-byte binary header block, both of which include information specific to line and reel number; a trace data block that follows the reel identification header, with the first 240 bytes of each trace block consisting of the binary trace identification header; and seismic data samples that follow the trace identification header.
File_Decompression_Technique: None
Transfer_Size: 18.55 GB

Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: DVD
Recording_Format: ISO 9660
Compatibility_Information: Unix, Linux, DOS, Macintosh

Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: map document, shapefile, metadata
Format_Information_Content:
The GIS project used to create the trackline maps is composed of map documents, shapefiles, and metadata. Map documents were created with PC-compatible ESRI ArcGIS 9.3 software. The shapefiles provided may also be viewed using other versions of ArcView, ArcGIS, or public domain software ArcExplorer (<http://www.esri.com/software/arcexplorer/>) or GeoMapApp (<http://www.geomapapp.org/>) software, which is compatible with all platforms.
File_Decompression_Technique: unzip
Transfer_Size: 161 MB

Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/569/software/arc/arc.zip

Fees: Prices vary.
Ordering_Instructions:
Publications are available from USGS Information Services, Box 25286, Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225-0046 (telephone: 1-888-ASK-USGS, e-mail: infoservices@usgs.gov).

Technical_Prerequisites:
Use of SEG-Y data requires specialized seismic processing software, such as public domain software Seismic Unix (<http://www.cwp.mines.edu/cwpcodes/>).


Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110202
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Arnell Forde
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey

Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 600 4th Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: (727) 803-8747, ext. 3111
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: aharrison@usgs.gov

Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998

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