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U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 653

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Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Janice A. Subino
Originator: Arnell S. Forde
Originator: Shawn V. Dadisman
Originator: Dana S. Wiese
Originator: Karynna Calderon
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Originator: Florida Geological Survey

Publication_Date: 2012
Title:
Archive of Digital Boomer Seismic Reflection Data Collected Offshore Northeast Florida during USGS Cruise 02FGS01 in October 2002
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Seismic Reflection Profile Section
Series_Information:
Series_Name: the U.S. Geological Survey Data Series
Issue_Identification: 653
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: St. Petersburg, Fla.
Publisher: the U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/653/

Description:
Abstract:
In October of 2002, the the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Florida Geological Survey (FGS), conducted a geophysical survey of the Atlantic Ocean offshore Nassau and Duval Counties in northeast Florida, from the northern tip of Amelia Island to Jacksonville Beach. This report serves as an archive of unprocessed digital boomer seismic reflection data, trackline maps, navigation files, GIS files information, and formal Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) metadata. Filtered and gained digital images of the seismic profiles are also provided. The archived trace data are in standard Society of Exploration Geophysicists SEG Y format (rev. 0) (Barry and others, 1975) and may be downloaded and processed with commercial or public domain software such as Seismic Unix (SU). Example SU processing scripts and USGS software for viewing the SEG Y files (Zihlman, 1992) are also provided.
These data are also available for viewing using GeoMapApp (http://www.geomapapp.org/) and Virtual Ocean (http://www.virtualocean.org/) multi-platform open source software. In addition, the SEG Y files can also be downloaded from the USGS Coastal and Marine Geoscience Data System (http://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov).
Purpose:
To archive all digital boomer seismic reflection data and associated files collected during cruise 02FGS01.
Supplemental_Information:
The USGS St. Petersburg Coastal & Marine Science Center (SPCMSC) in Florida assigns a unique identifier to each cruise or field activity. For example, 02FGS01 tells us the data were collected in 2002 as part of cooperative work with the Florida Geological Survey and the data were collected during the first field activity for that project in that calendar year. Refer to http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/activity.html for a detailed description of the method used to assign the cruise or field activity ID. The naming convention used for each seismic line is as follows: yye##a, where 'yy' are the last two digits of the year in which the data were collected, 'e' is a one-letter abbreviation for the equipment type (for example, b for boomer), '##' is a two-digit number representing a specific track, and 'a' is a letter representing the section of a line if recording was prematurely terminated or rerun for quality or acquisition problems.
The boomer plate is an acoustic energy source that consists of capacitors charged to a high voltage and discharged through a transducer in the water. The transducer is towed on a sled at the sea surface and when discharged emits a short acoustic pulse, or shot, that propagates through the water and sediment column. The acoustic energy is reflected at density boundaries (such as the seafloor or sediment layers beneath the seafloor), detected by the receiver, and recorded by a PC-based seismic acquisition system. This process is repeated at timed intervals (for example, 0.5 seconds) and recorded for specific intervals of time (for example, 100 milliseconds). In this way, a two-dimensional (2-D) vertical image of the shallow geologic structure beneath the ship track is produced.
An EG&G GeoPulse power supply provided 175 joules per shot. Reflected energy was received by an Innovative Transducers, Inc. (ITI) ST-5 10-channel streamer and recorded by Triton Elics International, Inc. (TEI) Delph Seismic acquisition software. The streamer contains 10 hydrophones evenly spaced every 2 feet. However, only phones 3-8 were used. The streamer was positioned parallel to the boomer sled and laterally separated from it by 7 meters. Please refer to figure 1 for a diagram of the acquisition geometry. The sample frequency of the data is 24 kilohertz, the record length is 100-120 milliseconds, and the shot rate was every 0.5 seconds. Shot spacing was approximately every 1 meter.
The binary portion of the unprocessed seismic data is stored in SEG Y (rev. 0), integer, Motorola format, which is a standard digital format that can be read and manipulated by most seismic processing software packages (Barry and others, 1975), with the exception of the first 3,200 bytes of the card image header, which is stored in comma delimited ASCII format instead of the standard EBCDIC format. The SEG Y formatted trace files have a .tra extension. Additional recording parameters for each trace file can also be found in the .par file associated with each .tra file. However, the .par and .pln files included here are only needed to process or display the data with TEI Delph Seismic software. The SEG Y files may be downloaded and processed with commercial or public domain software such as Seismic Unix (SU) (Cohen and Stockwell, 2005). Also provided are example SU scripts that allow the user to strip off navigation fixes from the SEG Y headers, along with a fix for every 500 shots, and produce a printable, gained GIF image of each profile. The printable profiles provided here are GIF images that were filtered and gained using SU software. Refer to the Software page for links to example SU processing scripts and USGS software for viewing the SEG Y files (Zihlman, 1992).
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20021022
Ending_Date: 20021028

Currentness_Reference: Data collection interval

Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.385742
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.210992
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.694746
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 30.271885

Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: Geology
Theme_Keyword: Coastal information
Theme_Keyword: Marine
Theme_Keyword: Seismic Reflection
Theme_Keyword: Boomer
Theme_Keyword: Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Theme_Keyword: SEG Y
Theme_Keyword: Florida Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: 02FGS01

Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: GNIS
Place_Keyword: Atlantic Ocean
Place_Keyword: United States of America
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: Amelia Island
Place_Keyword: Jacksonville Beach

Access_Constraints: None. These data are held in the public domain.
Use_Constraints:
The U.S. Geological Survey and the Florida Geological Survey request to be acknowledged as originators of the data in future products or derivative research.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Shawn Dadisman
Contact_Organization: the U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 600 4th Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: Fla.
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (727) 803-8747 ext. 3029
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sdadisman@usgs.gov

Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/653/maps/02fgs01.jpg
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Trackline map of digital boomer seismic reflection data collected during USGS cruise 02FGS01. This map is in geographic coordinates (NAD83, unprojected) and was created at a scale of 1:200,000. Refer to the Lineage section below for the trackline map creation process.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG

Data_Set_Credit:
Funding and (or) support for this study was provided by the USGS CMGP and the FGS. We thank R/V Geoquest captain Ted Kiper, mate Wade Stringer, and Daniel Phelps of the FGS for their assistance in data collection. This document was improved by the reviews of Noreen Buster (USGS - St. Petersburg, Fla.) and Kyle Kelso (contracted with Jacobs Technology, Inc., at the USGS - St. Petersburg, Fla.).


Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
The validity or accuracy of marine seismic reflection profiles is highly qualitative and depends on equipment and operating condition variables. Visual inspection of the images rendered from the data did not show any major anomalies.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
This dataset is from one field activity with consistent instrument calibrations.
Completeness_Report:
These data are collected along two-dimensional (2-D) tracklines and are therefore inherently incomplete. Geologic details between lines must be inferred. No digital data were collected for line 02b42. Navigation is intermittent for several lines. On the trackline map, the location of missing navigation data within a line is inferred by linear interpolation of the first and last known data points, and large gaps of 700 shots or more are represented by a dashed yellow line.

Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
As the seismic reflection data were acquired, the position of the vessel was continuously determined by a CSI Wireless DGPS Max DGPS receiver, which is accurate to 3 meters. Positions were recorded and written to the trace headers in Zone 17N UTM coordinates about every 1 second. The navigation data have not been corrected to reflect the approximately 30-meter offset between the shotpoint and GPS antenna.

Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Boomer data are relative to sea level. However, varying recorded static shifts of the data have been known to occur. Therefore, these data are not to be used for bathymetry.

Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Boomer processing: The SEG Y data were processed with Seismic Unix software to produce the GIF seismic profile images included in this report. A representative boomer processing sequence consisted of (1) running a bandpass filter of 300-500 to 2500-3000 Hertz, (2) applying automatic gain control, (3) displaying PostScript, and (4) converting of PostScript image to a GIF image.
Process_Date: 2003

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Navigation processing: Shotpoint navigation, start of line, and 500-shot-interval location files were extracted from the trace headers of each line using Seismic Unix software and edited to remove spurious data points. They were then processed with PROJ.4 software (http://www.trac.osgeo.org/proj/) to generate UTM coordinates from latitude and longitude coordinates. Text files for each seismic line were concatenated into two comma-delimited text files (for use with ESRI software), one containing unique shotpoint positions (02fgs01.txt) and another containing the 500-shot-interval locations (s02fgs01.txt); both can be viewed within the nav folder.
Process_Date: 2004

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Trackline map creation: The trackline map and shapefiles provided in this archive was created using ESRI ArcGIS files version 8.3 software, exported to Adobe Illustrator for further editing, and saved in JPEG format. The map is unprojected (geographic coordinates, NAD83). The cities layer is a St. Johns River Water Management District (SJRWMD) dataset. The counties layer is a USGS/SJRWMD dataset. The USGS is the originator of all other layers.
Process_Date: 2004

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Data Series preparation: In addition to the process steps described above, the following steps were taken to produce this Data Series: the handwritten logs were scanned and saved as PDF files, digital FACS logs were created using the handwritten logs and personal accounts of the crew members and saved as PDF files, and an HTML-based format was used to present the various parts of this archive.
Process_Date: 2004


Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference:
Horizontal X and Y locations (latitude and longitude and Zone 17N UTM coordinates) for each shot are provided as comma delimited ASCII text files, along with the date and time (Greenwich Mean Time) the shot was recorded.


Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.0000027
Longitude_Resolution: 0.0000027
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: WGS84
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS84
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222101000020000


Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: 02fgs01.txt and s02fgs01.txt
Entity_Type_Definition: Shotpoint navigation files
Entity_Type_Definition_Source:
Society of Exploration Geophysicists SEG Y headers (http://www.seg.org/resources/publications/misc/technical-standards).

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID*
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape*
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lon
Attribute_Definition: Longitude (decimal degrees)
Attribute_Definition_Source: WGS84
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -81.385742
Range_Domain_Maximum: -81.210992

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Lat
Attribute_Definition: Latitude (decimal degrees)
Attribute_Definition_Source: WGS84
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 30.271885
Range_Domain_Maximum: 30.694746

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Line
Attribute_Definition: Trackline number
Attribute_Definition_Source: User defined field describes the trackline number.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 02b01
Range_Domain_Maximum: 02b50

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shot
Attribute_Definition: Shotpoint number
Attribute_Definition_Source: User defined field describes the shotpoint number.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 22430

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTMX
Attribute_Definition: UTM-X coordinate (Zone 17N)
Attribute_Definition_Source: Universal Transverse Mercator Geographic Coordinate System
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 463069
Range_Domain_Maximum: 479533

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UTMY
Attribute_Definition: UTM-Y coordinate (Zone 17N)
Attribute_Definition_Source: Universal Transverse Mercator Geographic Coordinate System
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 3348959
Range_Domain_Maximum: 3395805

Attribute:
Attribute_Label: YEAR
Attribute_Definition: Year of Seismic Reflection Survey
Attribute_Definition_Source: Calendar year for the United States
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: 2002
Codeset_Source: Gregorian Calendar System
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DOY:HR:MIN:SEC
Attribute_Definition: day of year:hour:minute:second
Attribute_Definition_Source: Coordinated Universal Time
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: day of year, hour, minute and second of data acquisition
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Binary data file: Trace data are available as binary files in SEG Y format. These files have a .tra extension and measure 1.5 - 134.6 megabytes.
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Graphic image file: Printable profiles are available as GIF images. The trackline map is a JPEG image. The trackline map contains links to the seismic printable profile GIF images.
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Navigation file: Navigation files are available as comma delimited ASCII text files. Provided are raw (unprocessed) shotpoint navigation files (02b01.txt - 02b50.txt)), processed shotpoint navigation file (02fgs01.txt), and processed 500-shot-interval location file (s02fgs01.txt). Fields/Attributes [FID, Shape] marked above with an asterisk (*) were created by ESRI ArcGIS files and are used exclusively by the shapefiles created from the aforementioned .txt files; these fields are not included in the original navigation files. All remaining attributes listed in the above section that do not have an accompanying asterisk are found in 02fgs01.txt and s02fgs01.txt. The raw navigation files contain the the same attributes as the processed navigation minus the latitude and longitude coordinates.
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
GIS files file: The GIS files project used to create the trackline maps is provided as a .zip file composed of ESRI map documents, shapefiles, and metadata.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Barry, K.M., Cavers, D.A., and Kneale, C.W., 1975, Recommended standards for digital tape formats: Geophysics, v. 40, no. 2, p. 344-352. Available online at http://www.seg.org/resources/publications/misc/technical-standards.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Cohen, J.K., and Stockwell, J.W., Jr., 2005, CWP/SU: Seismic Unix Release 39: A free package for seismic research and processing: Golden, Colo., Center for Wave Phenomena, Colorado School of Mines. Available online at http://www.cwp.mines.edu/cwpcodes/.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Zihlman, F.N., 1992, DUMPSEGY V1.0: A program to examine the contents of SEG Y disk-image seismic data: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-590, 28 p. Available online at http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/ofr/ofr92590.
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Disc Image Credit: Descloitres, J., MODIS Land Rapid Response Team at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 2003, Florida.A2003044.jpg. Available online at http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Shawn Dadisman
Contact_Organization: the U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: 600 4th Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: Fla.
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (727) 803-8747 ext. 3029
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: sdadisman@usgs.gov
Contact_Instructions: All of this report is available on-line. However, the SEG Y files are only downloadable from the Coastal and Marine Geoscience Data System (http://cmgds.marine.usgs.gov).

Resource_Description: the U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 653
Distribution_Liability:
This DVD publication was prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution imply any such warranty. The the U.S. Geological Survey shall not be held liable for improper or incorrect use of the data described and (or) contained herein. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: SEG Y (rev. 0)
Format_Information_Content:
The SEG Y files on this disc conform to the SEG Y standard format (Barry and others, 1975), with the exception of the 3,600-byte reel identification header that is in ASCII format. Standard SEG Y uses an EBCDIC 3,600-byte reel identification header.
File_Decompression_Technique: None
Transfer_Size: 2.43-gigabytes
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Offline_Option:
Offline_Media: DVD
Recording_Format: ISO 9660
Compatibility_Information: UNIX, Linux, DOS, Mac OSX

Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: map document, shapefile, metadata
Format_Information_Content:
The GIS project used to create the trackline maps is composed of map documents, shapefiles, and metadata. Map documents were created using ESRI ArcGIS version 9.2 software. Shapefiles provided may be viewed using other versions of ArcGIS, ArcView, or public domain software ArcExplorer (http://www.esri.com/software/arcexplorer/). The data is also available for viewing using GeoMapApp (http://www.geomapapp.org/) and Virtual Ocean (http://www.virtualocean.org/) multi-platform open source software.
File_Decompression_Technique: unzip
Transfer_Size: 25-megabytes
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: DVD/software/arc/arc.zip
Fees: Prices vary.
Ordering_Instructions:
Publications are available from USGS Information Services, Box 25286, Federal Center, Denver, Colo. 80225-0046 (telephone: 1-888-ASK-USGS, e-mail: infoservices@usgs.gov).
Technical_Prerequisites:
Use of SEG Y data requires specialized seismic processing software, such as public domain software Seismic Unix (http://www.cwp.mines.edu/cwpcodes/)


Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20110502
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Janice Subino
Contact_Organization: Jacobs Technology, Inc.
Contact_Position: Media Specialist II
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: the U.S. Geological Survey, 600 4th Street South
City: St. Petersburg
State_or_Province: Fla.
Postal_Code: 33701
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (727) 803-8747, ext. 3127
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: jsubino@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998


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