Seafloor character--Offshore of Carpinteria, California

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Eleyne L. Phillips
Originator: Mercedes D. Erdey
Originator: Guy R. Cochrane
Publication_Date: 2013
Title: Seafloor character--Offshore of Carpinteria, California
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: GeoTiff
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Samuel Y. Johnson
Originator: Peter Dartnell
Originator: Guy R. Cochrane
Originator: Nadine E. Golden
Originator: Eleyne L. Phillips
Originator: Andrew C. Ritchie
Originator: Rikk G. Kvitek
Originator: H. Gary Greene
Originator: Charles A. Endris
Originator: Gordon G. Seitz
Originator: Ray W. Sliter
Originator: Mercedes D. Erdey
Originator: Florence L. Wong
Originator: Carlos I. Gutierrez
Originator: Lisa M. Krigsman
Originator: Amy E. Draut
Originator: Patrick E. Hart
Originator: Susan A. Cochran
Publication_Date: 2013
Title:
California State Waters Map Series--Offshore of Carpinteria, California
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Scientific Investigations Map
Issue_Identification: SIM 3261
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/sim/3261/>
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Nadine E. Golden
Publication_Date: 2013
Title: California State Waters Map Series Data Catalog
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: database
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Data Series
Issue_Identification: DS 781
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/781/>

Description:
Abstract:
This part of SIM 3261 presents data for the seafloor-character map (see sheet 5, SIM 3261) of the Offshore of Carpinteria map area, California. The raster data file is included in "SeafloorCharacter_OffshoreCarpinteria.zip," which is accessible from <https://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/781/OffshoreCarpinteria/data_catalog_OffshoreCarpinteria.html>.
This raster-format seafloor-character map shows five substrate classes of Offshore of Carpinteria map area. The five substrate classes mapped in this area have been colored to indicate which of the following California Marine Life Protection Act depth zones and slope classes they belong: Depth Zone 2 (intertidal to 30 m), Depth Zone 3 (30 to 100 m), and Slope Class 1, 0 degrees to 5 degrees (flat). Depth Zone 1 (intertidal), Depth Zones 4 and 5 (greater than 100 m), and Slopes Classes 2 to 4, greater than 5 degrees (sloping to vertical) are not present in this map area. The map is created using a supervised classification method described by Cochrane (2008), available at <http://doc.nprb.org/web/research/research%20pubs/615_habitat_mapping_workshop/Individual%20Chapters%20High-Res/Ch13%20Cochrane.pdf>.
References Cited:
California Department of Fish and Game, 2008, California Marine Life Protection Act master plan for marine protected areas--Revised draft: California Department of Fish and Game, accessed April 5 2011, at <http://www.dfg.ca.gov/mlpa/masterplan.asp>.
Cochrane, G.R., 2008, Video-supervised classification of sonar data for mapping seafloor habitat, in Reynolds, J.R., and Greene, H.G., eds., Marine habitat mapping technology for Alaska: Fairbanks, University of Alaska, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, p. 185-194, accessed April 5, 2011, at <http://doc.nprb.org/web/research/research%20pubs/615_habitat_mapping_workshop/Individual%20Chapters%20High-Res/Ch13%20Cochrane.pdf>.
Sappington, J.M., Longshore, K.M., and Thompson, D.B., 2007, Quantifying landscape ruggedness for animal habitat analysis--A case study using bighorn sheep in the Mojave Desert: Journal of Wildlife Management, v. 71, p. 1,419-1,426.
Purpose:
These data are intended for science researchers, students, policy makers, and the general public. These data can be used with geographic information systems or other software to identify local seafloor character.
Supplemental_Information:
Information for the related USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center data collection field activities is available online: Z-2-06-SC, at <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/z/z206sc/html/z-2-06-sc.meta.html>; S-1C-08-SC, at <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/s/s1c08sc/html/s-1c-08-sc.meta.html>; S-1-05-SC, at <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/s/s105sc/html/s-1-05-sc.meta.html>.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2006
Ending_Date: 2007
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -119.624582
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -119.426462
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.419275
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.288012
Keywords:
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
Place_Keyword: Carpinteria
Place_Keyword: Summerland
Place_Keyword: Pacific Ocean
Place_Keyword: California
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
Theme_Keyword: Oceans > Bathymetry/SeafloorTopography > Bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: Oceans > Bathymetry/SeafloorTopography > Seafloor Topography
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: General
Theme_Keyword: Marine Geology
Theme_Keyword: Multibeam
Theme_Keyword: Geology
Theme_Keyword: Bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: Backscatter
Theme_Keyword: Intensity
Theme_Keyword: Ocean Floor Topography
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: General
Theme_Keyword: Seafloor character
Theme_Keyword: Fisheries
Theme_Keyword: Ecosystem
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
Read and fully comprehend the metadata prior to data use. Uses of these data should not violate the spatial resolution of the data. Where these data are used in combination with other data of different resolution, the resolution of the combined output will be limited by the lowest resolution of all the data.
Acknowledge the U.S. Geological Survey in products derived from these data. Share data products developed using these data with the U.S. Geological Survey.
This database has been approved for release and publication by the Director of the USGS. Although this database has been subjected to rigorous review and is substantially complete, the USGS reserves the right to revise the data pursuant to further analysis and review. Furthermore, it is released on condition that neither the USGS nor the United States Government may be held liable for any damages resulting from its authorized or unauthorized use.
Although this Federal Geographic Data Committee-compliant metadata file is intended to document these data in nonproprietary form, as well as in ArcInfo format, this metadata file may include some ArcInfo-specific terminology.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Guy Cochrane
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
Contact_Position: Geophysicist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 400 Natural Bridges Dr.
City: Santa Cruz
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 95060-5792
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (831) 460-7555
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (831) 427-4709
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gcochrane@usgs.gov

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: Pixel resolution 2 m.
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Classification was done on the basis of training samples delineated by interpreter. The classification was performed using mathematical algorithms then hand-edited by the interpreter to remove noise.
Completeness_Report:
Total coverage for the survey area is 100%. Survey area is defined by coverage of both the multibeam bathymetry and backscatter datasets.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Positional information reflects the position of the camera and was collected using a still photo camera, WAAS-enabled GPS unit, recording at between 1 to 2 nm. DGPS (WAAS) accuracy for position is less than 3 meters. (From Garmin GPSMAP 76C/76CS Specifications, M01-10108-00, Rev0304, <https://buy.garmin.com/shop/store/assets/pdfs/specs/gpsmap76c_76cs_spec.pdf>).
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The seafloor-character map was produced using video-supervised maximum likelihood classification of the bathymetry and intensity of return from sonar systems. The classification was supervised using signatures defined by hand-drawn polygons located through sediment samples and video-observation ground truth surveying, applying methodology described in Cochrane (2008), available at <http://doc.nprb.org/web/research/research%20pubs/615_habitat_mapping_workshop/Individual%20Chapters%20High-Res/Ch13%20Cochrane.pdf>. The two variants used in this classification were backscatter intensity and derivative rugosity. Rugosity measures terrain ruggedness as the variation in three-dimensional orientation of grid cells within a neighborhood. Vector analysis is used to calculate the dispersion of vectors normal (orthogonal) to grid cells within the specified neighborhood. This method effectively captures variability in slope and aspect into a single measure. Ruggedness values in the output raster map can range from 0 (no terrain variation) to 1 (complete terrain variation). The calculation was performed using the Terrain Ruggedness (VRM) tool (for details, see Sappington and others, 2007). Classes I, II, and III were delineated using multivariate analysis. Class IV (rugged anthropogenic material) and V (smooth, hard anthropogenic material) values are subclasses of seafloor class III, these pixels were depicted based on visual characteristics and known location of man-made features. The resulting map (gridded at 2 m) was cleaned by hand to remove data-collection artifacts (for example, trackline nadir). Editing was performed in Photoshop, with which individual pixels were selected and values adjusted to remove noise. Selection occurred without antialiasing, and the resulting grid was identical but for the edited pixels. The five substrate classes were then colored to indicate which of the following California Marine Life Protection Act depth zones and slope classes they belong: Depth Zone 2 (intertidal to 30 m), Depth Zone 3 (30 to 100 m), and Slope Class 1, 0 degrees to 5 degrees (flat). Depth Zone 1 (intertidal), Depth Zones 4 and 5 (greater than 100 m), and Slopes Classes 2 to 4, greater than 5 (sloping to vertical) are not present in this map area.
Process_Date: 201206

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 7062
Column_Count: 8943
Vertical_Count: 1

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: WGS 1984 UTM Zone 11N
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.9996
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -117.0
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.0
False_Easting: 500000.0
False_Northing: 0.0
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000000002220024164500956
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000000002220024164500956
Planar_Distance_Units: Meter
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D WGS 1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS 1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.0
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257223563

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: SeafloorCharacter_OffshoreCarpinteria.tif.vat
Entity_Type_Definition:
The shapefile attributes include VALUE - code for the seafloor character classes, COUNT - number of pixels, SLOPE - slope classes, DEPTH_ZONE - depth zones, SUBSTRATE - substrate classes, SUBST_DESC - short description of substrate classes, and FULL_DESC - detailed description of substrate classes. The shapefile can be added to any ESRI ArcMap project.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Rowid
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: VALUE
Attribute_Definition:
This seafloor-character class was produced using video-supervised maximum-likelihood classification of the bathymetry and backscatter (intensity of return) signals from sonar systems. Derivative roughness (rugosity) and backscatter intensity were used as variants in the classification. The resulting five substrate classes (I to V) were divided into the Depth Zones (see Attribute: DEPTH_ZONE) by adding to the original grid value in increments of 10. Depth Zone 2, add 0 to grid value; Depth Zone 3, add 10 to grid value; Depth Zone 4, add 20 to grid value; and Depth Zone 5, add 30 to grid value. The resulting grid was further classified into Slope Classes (see Attribute: SLOPE) by adding to the classified raster values (including depth zones) in increments of 50. Slope Class 1, add 0 to grid value; Slope Class 2, add 50 to grid value; Slope Class 3, add 100 to grid value; and Slope Class 4, add 150 to grid value.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 15
Attribute_Units_of_Measure:
Integers 1 - 15 on the basis of classification method described in chapter 4 and on sheet 5 of SIM 3261 ("California State Waters Map Series--Offshore of Carpinteria"), available at <https://pubs.usgs.gov/sim/3261/>.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: COUNT
Attribute_Definition:
The number of pixels (2m x 2m size grid cell) represented in each seafloor class (see Attribute: VALUE).
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1072
Range_Domain_Maximum: 23005459
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Integers 1081 - 23005459 pixel count.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SLOPE
Attribute_Definition:
The slope zones for the final seafloor-character map grid were identified on the basis of the smoothed bathymetry grid. The smoothing was done by applying focal statistics to the original bathymetry grid. The tool uses a moving window and calculates the mean value of the central pixel within a circular neighborhood of 20 m radius along the whole raster map. The resulting raster map represents a smoothed value highlighting overall trends and eliminates local varieties in the terrain (such as higher slopes along rock outcrops). Slope class values are: 1 (0 degrees to 5 degrees), 2 (5 degrees to 30 degrees), 3 (30 degrees to 60 degrees), or 4 (60 degrees to 90 degrees).
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1
Attribute_Units_of_Measure:
Integer value 1 representing slope class of <5 degrees as described above.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DEPTH_ZONE
Attribute_Definition:
The depth zones for the final seafloor-character map grid were identified on the basis of the smoothed bathymetry grid. The smoothing was done by applying focal statistics to the original bathymetry grid. The tool uses a moving window and calculates the mean value of the central pixel within a circular neighborhood of 20 m radius along the whole raster map. The resulting raster map represents a smoothed value highlighting overall trends and eliminates local varieties in the terrain (such as varying depths along rock outcrops). Depth Zone values are: Depth Zone 1, intertidal; Depth Zone 2, intertidal to 30 m; Depth Zone 3, 30 to 100 m; Depth Zone 4, 100 to 200 m; and Depth Zone 5, deeper than 200 m (California Department of Fish and Game, 2008).
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 2
Range_Domain_Maximum: 3
Attribute_Units_of_Measure:
Integer values 2-3 representing slope classes as described above.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SUBSTRATE
Attribute_Definition:
Coded values of the substrate classes. Class 1, Fine- to medium-grained smooth sediment; Class 2, Mixed smooth sediment and rock; Class 3, Rock and boulder, rugose; Class 4, Rugged anthropogenic features 5. Smooth anthropogenic features
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 1
Range_Domain_Maximum: 5
Attribute_Units_of_Measure:
Integer values 1-5 representing substrate classes as described above.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SUBST_DESC
Attribute_Definition:
Summary description of the four substrate classes coded by the attribute SUBSTRATE. Class 1, Fine- to medium-grained smooth sediment; Class 2, Mixed smooth sediment and rock; Class 3, Rock and boulder, rugose; Class 4, Rugged anthropogenic material; Class 5, Smooth anthropogenic material
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Names are in text form, maximum length: 50
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FULL_DESC
Attribute_Definition:
Detailed description of the four substrate classes coded by the attribute SUBSTRATE. Class 1, Low backscatter, low rugosity, typically mud to medium-grained sand, often rippled and/or burrowed; Class 2, Moderate to very high backscatter, low rugosity, typically coarse-grained sand, gravel, cobble and bedrock; Class 3, High backscatter, and high rugosity, typically boulder and rugose bedrock; Class 4, High backscatter, high rugosity; related to development by humans; Class 5, High backscatter, low rugosity; related to development by humans
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Names are in text form, maximum length: 250

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: United States Geological Survey (USGS)
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 400 Natural Bridges Drive
City: Santa Cruz
State_or_Province: California
Postal_Code: 95060
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (831)460-7416
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
These data not intended for navigational purposes. Although these data have been used by the U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior, these data and information are provided with the understanding that they are not guaranteed to be usable, timely, accurate, or complete. Users are cautioned to consider carefully the provisional nature of these data and information before using them for decisions that concern personal or public safety or the conduct of business that involves substantial monetary or operational consequences. Conclusions drawn from, or actions undertaken on the basis of, such data and information are the sole responsibility of the user. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any data, software, information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. Trade, firm, or product names and other references to non-USGS products and services are provided for information only and do not constitute endorsement or warranty, express or implied, by the USGS, USDOI, or U.S. Government, as to their suitability, content, usefulness, functioning, completeness, or accuracy.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ArcInfo GRID
Format_Version_Number: 10.0
Transfer_Size: 60.23 MB
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name: none
Fees: None

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 2012
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mercedes D. Erdey
Contact_Organization:
United States Geological Survey (USGS), Pacific Coastal & Marine Science Center
Contact_Position: Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 400 Natural Bridges Drive
City: Santa Cruz
State_or_Province: California
Postal_Code: 95060
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (831)460-7416
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: merdey-heydorn@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

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