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U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011–3067


Land-Use Planning for Nearshore Ecosystem Services—The Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model

By Kristin Byrd

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (3.9 MB)Summary

The 2,500 miles of shoreline and nearshore areas of Puget Sound, Washington, provide multiple benefits to people—“ecosystem services”—including important fishing, shellfishing, and recreation industries. To help resource managers plan for expected growth in coming decades, the U.S. Geological Survey Western Geographic Science Center has developed the Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model (PSEPM). Scenarios of urban growth and shoreline modifications serve as model inputs to develop alternative futures of important nearshore features such as water quality and beach habitats. Model results will support regional long-term planning decisions for the Puget Sound region.

Also of Interest

USGS Open-File Report 2011–1279, Tools and Methods for Evaluating and Refining Alternative Futures for Coastal Ecosystem Management—the Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model, by Kristin B. Byrd, Jason R. Kreitler, and William B. Labiosa (2011).

  • This report is also available in print from:

    USGS Information Services, Box 25286,
    Federal Center, Denver, CO 80225
    telephone: 888 ASK-USGS; e-mail:

For additional information:
Contact Information, Western Geographic Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
345 Middlefield Road, MS 531
Menlo Park, California 94025

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Suggested citation:

Byrd, Kristin, 2011, Land-use planning for nearshore ecosystem services—the Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011–3067, 2 p., available at

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