Fact Sheet 2011-3112
BioData is a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) web-enabled database that for the first time provides for the capture, curation, integration, and delivery of bioassessment data collected by local, regional, and national USGS projects. BioData offers field biologists advanced capabilities for entering, editing, and reviewing the macroinvertebrate, algae, fish, and supporting habitat data from rivers and streams. It offers data archival and curation capabilities that protect and maintain data for the long term. BioData provides the Federal, State, and local governments, as well as the scientific community, resource managers, the private sector, and the public with easy access to tens of thousands of samples collected nationwide from thousands of stream and river sites. BioData also provides the USGS with centralized data storage for delivering data to other systems and applications through automated web services.
Figure 1. BioData users are able to retrieve data from multiple projects. An example in progress is the capability to retrieve sites in Idaho from the National Water-Quality Assessment Program (gray circles) and the USGS-Idaho Statewide Cooperative Network (black circles). (Idaho rivers and streams are blue lines).
BioData allows users to combine data sets of known quality from different projects in various locations over time. It provides a nationally aggregated database for users to leverage data from many independent projects that, until now, was not feasible at this scale. For example, from 1991 to 2011, the USGS Idaho Water Science Center collected more than 800 bioassessment samples from 63 sites for the National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program and more than 450 samples from 93 sites for a cooperative USGS and State of Idaho Statewide Water Quality Network (fig. 1). Using BioData, 20 years of samples collected for both of these projects can be combined for analysis.
BioData delivers all of the data using current taxonomic nomenclature, thus relieving users of the difficult and time-consuming task of harmonizing taxonomy among samples collected during different time periods. Fish data are reported using the Integrated Taxonomic Information Service (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Numbers (TSN’s). A simple web-data input interface and self-guided, public data-retrieval web site provides access to bioassessment data. BioData currently accepts data collected using two national protocols: (1) NAWQA and (2) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) National Rivers and Streams Assessment (NRSA). Additional collection protocols are planned for future versions.
Use the BioData Management System to:
Use the BioData Retrieval System to:
BioData Management System
The BioData management system provides field biologists with data input, review, approval, and management capabilities through a password-protected web application (fig. 2). Data review, revision, and automated data-validation tools make quality-assurance practices more efficient and routine. BioData management system also supports communication and data exchange between field biologists and partner laboratories. Once approved, data are made available from the data-retrieval web site.
Selected Data Input Features
Figure 2. BioData input screens showing how to (A, B) manage samples, enter, review, revise, and approve data from field and laboratory records; (C) create laboratory order forms; and (D) download reports.
BioData Retrieval System
The BioData Retrieval System, https://aquatic.biodata.usgs.gov, is a one-stop location for USGS bioassessment data from across the United States (fig. 3). Scientists, resources managers, and the public can use this centralized, web-accessible database to view, browse, access, and download bioassessment data.
Selected Retrieval Features
Figure 3. BioData retrieval web site screens showing how to (E) select retrieval criteria; (F, G) view and save customized retrieval formats; and (H, I) preview and retrieve bioassessment data.
Figure 4. BioData currently stores over 15,000 samples from more than 2,000 sites collected since 1993 by the USGS National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program.
Get started using BioData
Users and uses of BioData:
What BioData delivers to users:
More information can be found on the BioData web site at https://aquatic.biodata.usgs.gov to:
For More Information
BioData Users Group (USGS BUG)
Mitchell Harris, Illinois WSC, firstname.lastname@example.org, (217) 328-9716
First posted November 14, 2011
For additional information contact:
Chief, Office of Water Quality
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