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Fact Sheet 2012–3118

Science to Support the Understanding of Ohio’s Water Resources

Compiled by Kimberly Shaffer, Stephanie Kula, Phil Bambach, and Donna Runkle

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (8.13 MB) Introduction

Ohio’s water resources support a complex web of human activities and nature—clean and abundant water is needed for drinking, recreation, farming, and industry, as well as for fish and wildlife needs. The distribution of rainfall can cause floods and droughts, which affects streamflow, groundwater, water availability, water quality, recreation, and aquatic habitats. Ohio is bordered by the Ohio River and Lake Erie and has over 44,000 miles of streams and more than 60,000 lakes and ponds (State of Ohio, 1994). Nearly all the rural population obtain drinking water from groundwater sources.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) works in cooperation with local, State, and other Federal agencies, as well as universities, to furnish decisionmakers, policymakers, USGS scientists, and the general public with reliable scientific information and tools to assist them in management, stewardship, and use of Ohio’s natural resources. The diversity of scientific expertise among USGS personnel enables them to carry out large- and small-scale multidisciplinary studies. The USGS is unique among government organizations because it has neither regulatory nor developmental authority—its sole product is reliable, impartial, credible, relevant, and timely scientific information, equally accessible and available to everyone. The USGS Ohio Water Science Center provides reliable hydrologic and water-related ecological information to aid in the understanding of use and management of the Nation’s water resources, in general, and Ohio’s water resources, in particular. This fact sheet provides an overview of current (2012) or recently completed USGS studies and data activities pertaining to water resources in Ohio. More information regarding projects of the USGS Ohio Water Science Center is available at

Revised February 11, 2013

Posted November 14, 2012

For additional information contact:
Director, Ohio Water Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
6480 Doubletree Avenue
Columbus, OH 43229–1111

Part or all of this report is presented in Portable Document Format (PDF); the latest version of Adobe Reader or similar software is required to view it. Download the latest version of Adobe Reader, free of charge.

Suggested citation:

Shaffer, K.H., Kula, S.P., Bambach, P.W., and Runkle, D.L., comps., 2012, Science to Support the Understanding of Ohio’s Water Resources: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2012–3118, 6 p. (Also available at



Streamflow Data Available Online

Groundwater Data Available Online

Water-Quality Monitor Network in Ohio

Nowcast—Water-Quality Conditions at Beaches and a Recreational River

Ohio Water-Use Program

Assessing Potential Climate-Change Effects in the Upper Scioto River Basin

Low-Flow Streamgage Network in Ohio

Crest-Stage Streamgage Network in Ohio


Flood-Studies and Flood-Warning Systems Program

Microbial Source Tracking

Testing Rapid Detection Methods for Drinking Water and Recreational Waters

Modeling Aquatic Species Distributions Based on Physical Habitat and Climate Change

Cyanobacteria and Toxins—Grand Lake St. Marys

Long-Term Water-Level Monitoring Network, Geauga County, Ohio

Hydraulic Characteristics of Low-Impact Development Practices in Northeastern Ohio

Hydrologic Influences of Storm-Water Best-Management Practices at the Cincinnati Zoo

Arsenic in Groundwater of Licking County

National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program

Ecology, Streams, and Groundwater—Lake Erie and Lake Saint Clair Basins

Groundwater—White, Great, and Little Miami River Basins

References Cited

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