28 Name: Jefferson Memorial
Location: On the Tidal Basin, East Potomac Park
Building Stones: Exterior columns and walls, Vermont white marble; foundation and circular terraces, Georgia granite; floors, Tennessee pink and gray marble; interior dome, Indiana limestone
Remarks: Following L'Enfant's design for the Capital City, the memorial forms the southern end of a cross whose other ends are marked by the Capitol, the Lincoln Memorial, and the White House. The building's architecture reflects Jefferson's preference for the classical style, as shown in his home at Monticello and the buildings he designed for the University of Virginia. It was dedicated April 13, 1943, on the 200th anniversary of Jefferson's birth.
29 Name: FDR Memorial
Location: On the Tidal Basin, West Potomac Park
Building Stones: Carnellan granite, quarried in South Dakota, with a small amount of "Academy Black" granite, quarried in California and fabricated in Cold Spring, Minnesota
Remarks: Designer Lawrence Halprin started work on the project in 1974. More than 6,000 tons of granite, enough to erect an 80-story building, is used in the construction of the FDR Memorial. That includes 75,000 square feet of granite pavers and 31,000 pieces of stone. The FDR Memorial is also the first presidential memorial to honor a First Lady.
30 Name: District of Columbia World War Memorial
Location: on the Mall south of 19th Street NW, West Potomac Park
Building Stone: Vermont marble
Remarks: The memorial was a gift of the citizens of Washington to honor those who died during World War I; it was authorized in 1924 and dedicated on November 11, 1931.
31 Name: Korean War Veterans Memorial
Location: The National Mall between Independence Avenue and the Reflecting Pool
Building Stones: Wall was made of "Academy Black" granite from California, sand blasted in Cold Spring, Minnesota, with more than 2,500 photographic, archival images from the war; on the base of the pool highly reflective black granite from Canada
Remarks: A design was created by a team from State College, Pennsylvania, and later revised by Cooper-Lecky Architects. The memorial was dedicated on July 27, 1995, the 42nd anniversary of the armistice that ended the Korean War.
32 Name: Lincoln Memorial
Location: Between Independence Avenue SW and Constitution Avenue NW in West Potomac Park at 23d Street NW
Building Stones: Reflecting pool, North Carolina granite; foundation steps, Massachusetts granite; memorial building, Colorado marble; statue, Georgia marble; base of statue and floors, Tennessee marble; columns and lintels, Indiana limestone
Remarks: The structure was designed in the style of a Greek temple, with 36 Doric columns representing the 36 States of the Union at the time of Lincoln's death; the statue of Lincoln was by Daniel Chester French. More than 50,000 people attended the dedication ceremonies in 1922, including Robert Todd Lincoln, the President's only surviving son.
33 Name: Arlington Memorial Bridge
Location: Crosses the Potomac at the Lincoln Memorial
Building Stones: Piers, Georgia granite; facing of spans, granite from Georgia, Vermont, North Carolina, New Hampshire, and Maine
Remarks: A bridge was proposed at this point as early as 1851. The present bridge, begun in 1932 and completed 6 years later, is now one of Washington's major traffic routes.
This page is https://pubs.usgs.gov/stones/stops28-33.html
Maintained by Publications Services
Last revised 1-14-99 (krw)