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U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY MISCELLANEOUS INVESTIGATIONS SERIES MAP I-2530

Stratigraphic Framework of Cambrian and Ordovician Rocks in the Central Appalachian Basin from Campbell County, Kentucky, to Tazewell County, Virginia

By Robert T. Ryder, John E. Repetski, and Anita G. Harris

Revised and digitized by Erika E. Lentz

Version 2.0 (2004)
(Originally published in 1997)


INTRODUCTION

Cross section GG is the sixth in a series of restored stratigraphic cross sections drawn by the senior author to show the stratigraphic framework of Cambrian and Ordovician rocks in the Appalachian basin from Pennsylvania to Tennessee. The sections show complexly intertongued carbonate and siliciclastic lithofacies, marked thickness variations, key marker horizons, unconformities, and stratigraphic nomenclature of the Cambrian and Ordovician sequence. Several of the drill holes along the cross sections have yielded a variety of whole and (or) fragmented conodont elements. The identifiable conodonts are used to differentiate strata of Middle Cambrian, Late Cambrian, and Early Ordovician age, and their conodont color alteration index (CAI) values are used to establish the thermal maturity of the sequence. Macrofossil collections from drill holes and (or) outcrop sections along the restored sections provide additional biostratigraphic data. In addition to providing lithologic, nomenclatural, and paleontologic details of Cambrian and Ordovician strata, these cross sections also help to define and delineate the structure of the block-faulted Proterozoic basement rocks beneath the sedimentary cover of the Appalachian basin. Previously completed cross sections in this series are FF (Ryder and others, 1996), EE (Ryder, 1992a), DD (Ryder, 1991), CC (Ryder and others, 1992), and BB (Ryder, 1992b) (fig. 1).

Section GG is about 255 mi (410 km) long. The section is constructed on the basis of eleven drill holes that are from 6 to 80 mi (10129 km) apart and range in depth from 2,480 to 19,591 ft (7565,971 m) (fig. 1, table 1). Eight of the eleven drill holes bottomed in crystalline basement rocks of Middle Proterozoic age or sandstone of Middle(?) Proterozoic age. Drill holes 10 and 11, which are located east of the St. Clair thrust fault, were restored 15 to 20 mi (2432 km) southeastward to compensate for tectonic transport along underlying Alleghanian thrust faults (Woodward and Gray, 1985; Kulander and Dean, 1986).

DIGITAL MAP FILES

Available files for download include PDF, EPS, and AI formats.

All file formats will produce a plot that faithfully replicates the format, symbols, colors, and line work of a USGS full-color printed map. (The actual published paper maps are 4-color offset-printed maps.) The PDF file is 5.2 MB, the EPS file is 32.8 MB, and the AI file is 5.6 MB.  Page size at 100% is approximately 50 by 36 inches. Plot resolution, quality, and colors will vary with plotter, inks, and paper used. Acrobat Reader 5.0 or later and Adobe Illustrator 9.0 or later are required to read the map.

Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2530 [5.2 MB PDF file]
Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2530 [32.8 MB EPS file]  CAUTION: LARGE FILE SIZE
Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2530 [5.6 MB AI file]

Download the latest version of Adobe Reader, free of charge. Acrobat family image 

The offset-printed version of this map is available for purchase from USGS Information Services. See Ordering U.S. Geological Survey Products, call toll-free (from the U.S.) 1-888-ASK-USGS, or e-mail infoservices@usgs.gov.

Contact: Robert T. Ryder or Erika E. Lentz


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