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LTRMP Technical Report 2010–T001

LTRMP logo Evaluation of Light Penetration on Navigation Pools 8 and 13 of the Upper Mississippi River

A product of the Long Term Resource Monitoring Program in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Rock Island District

By Shawn Giblin, Kraig Hoff, Jim Fischer, and Terry Dukerschein

Abstract

Thumbnail of front cover

The availability of light can have a dramatic affect on macrophyte and phytoplankton abundance in virtually all aquatic ecosystems. The Long Term Resource Monitoring Program and other monitoring programs often measure factors that affect light extinction (nonvolatile suspended solids, volatile suspended solids, and chlorophyll) and correlates of light extinction (turbidity and Secchi depth), but rarely do they directly measure light extinction. Data on light extinction, Secchi depth, transparency tube, turbidity, total suspended solids, and volatile suspended solids were collected during summer 2003 on Pools 8 and 13 of the Upper Mississippi River. Regressions were developed to predict light extinction based upon Secchi depth, transparency tube, turbidity, and total suspended solids. Transparency tube, Secchi depth, and turbidity all showed strong relations with light extinction and can effectively predict light extinction. Total suspended solids did not show as strong a relation to light extinction. Volatile suspended solids had a greater affect on light extinction than nonvolatile suspended solids. The data were compared to recommended criteria established for light extinction, Secchi depth, total suspended solids, and turbidity by the Upper Mississippi River Conservation Committee to sustain submersed aquatic vegetation in the Upper Mississippi River. During the study period, the average condition in Pool 8 met or exceeded all of the criteria whereas the average condition in Pool 13 failed to meet any of the criteria. This report provides river managers with an effective tool to predict light extinction based upon readily available data.

Revised September 13, 2010

Posted July 15, 2010

For additional information contact:
Director, Upper Midwest
   Environmental Sciences Center
U.S. Geological Survey
2630 Fanta Reed Road
La Crosse, WI 54603
http://www.umesc.usgs.gov/

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Suggested citation:

Giblin, Shawn, Hoff, Kraig, Fischer, Jim, and Dukerschein, Terry, 2010, Evaluation of light penetration on Navigation Pools 8 and 13 of the Upper Mississippi River: U.S. Geological Survey Long Term Resource Monitoring Program Technical Report 2010–T001, 16 p.



Contents

Preface

Abstract

Background

Methods

Results and Discussion

Conditions During the Study Period

Historical Comparisons

Comparisons of Water-Quality Parameters to Light Extinction

Comparison of Results to Proposed Water-Quality Criteria

Effects of Tributaries on Light Extinction

Effects of Composition of Suspended Solids on Light Extinction

References Cited



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