U.S. Geological Survey Crustal Studies Technical Letter Number 5
Two reversed seismic-refraction profiles were recorded between Los Angeles and San Francisco in 1961. The three shotpoints were located in Santa Monica Bay, offshore near San Francisco, and at Camp Roberts, about halfway between Los Angeles and San Francisco.
The velocity of Pg along these profiles is 6.1 ± 0.1 km/sec, with possible exceptions near San Francisco and near Los Angeles, where the scatter in the arrival times indicates complex near-surface velocity variations. The velocity of Pn between Los Angeles and Camp Roberts is 8.2 ± 0.1 km/sec, and between Camp Roberts and San Francisco 8.0 ± 0.2 km/sec. There is no indication of an intermediate crustal layer in the traveltimes of first arrivals.
Computed depths to the Mohorovicic discontinuity, if the crust consists of a single layer, are: 35 km at Los Angeles, 23 km at Camp Roberts, and 23 km at San Francisco. Refractions from crustal layers of intermediate velocity need not appear as first arrivals, and in the extreme, the depth to the Mohorovicic discontinuity may be one-third greater than the thickness of a one-layer crust.
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Healy, J.H., 1962, Crustal structure along the coast of California from seismic-refraction measurements: U.S. Geological Survey Crustal Studies Technical Letter Number 5, 30 p. (Available at https://pubs.usgs.gov/misc/tl/0005/.)
Accuracy of the Data
Interpretation of Traveltimes
The effect of Intermediate Layers
Comparison with Earlier Results