Publications—Open-File Report 98–630
By Owen P. Bricker
U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98–630
Prepared in cooperation with the Federal Highway Administration. A Contribution to the National Highway Runoff Data and Methodology Synthesis.
This report is available in Portable Document Format (PDF):
OFR 98–630 (202 KB) – 38 pages
Materials washed by rain and snowmelt from highways into adjacent surface waters, ground waters, and ecosystems can pollute water and affect biota. To understand the chemical behavior of any one of these materials and its effects on the environment requires knowledge of the chemistry of the material and how it interacts with other components in the local geochemical system. An integrated watershed approach, therefore, would be the most effective method to assess the effects of highway runoff on local receiving waters. Analysis of one or a few specific contaminants will provide limited and incomplete information and may be misleading in terms of environmental effects. This report addresses the background geochemistry required to model highway runoff and to make realistic assessments of the potential effects of runoff on the environment.
Background of Geochemical Processes
Dissolution of Substances
Precipitation of Substances
Activity and Concentration of Ions in Solution
Adsorption and Desorption
Oxidation and Reduction (Redox)
Geochemical Mass-Transport Models
This report is available online in Portable Document Format (PDF). If you do not have the Adobe Acrobat PDF Reader, it is available for free download from Adobe Systems Incorporated.
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Bricker, O.P., 1999, An overview of the factors involved in evaluating the geochemical effects of highway runoff on the environment: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 98-630, 28 p.
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Northborough, MA 01532
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