Skip Links

USGS - science for a changing world

Open-File Report 99-173

The Washington and Oregon Mid-Shelf Silt Deposit and Its Relation to the late Holocene Colombia River Sediment Budget

By Stephen C. Wolf, Hans Nelson, Michael R. Hamer, Gita Dunhill, and R. Lawrence Phillips

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (5.7 MB)Overview

The purpose of this report is to compile and analyze existing data which lend support to the development of a sediment budget for the Columbia River, coastal, and offshore regions of southwest Washington. This will contribute to the construction of a sediment budget model which will reflect sediment sources, depocenters, and the sediment contribution to each region. The Columbia River is the source of modern sediment for the beaches of southwest Washington. Development of the sediment budget is necessary to understand the long term effects that reduction in sediment supply has on present day areas of sediment erosion and accumulation in the region. Figure 1 describes the origin, distribution, and thickness of the Mid-Shelf Silt Deposit (MSSD) based on analysis of seismic data acquired between 1976-1980 (Wolf et al., 1997). Sediment volumes deposited during the past 5000 years were calculated for each of the physiographic areal compartments shown in Figure 2. Table 1 organizes the data from Figures 1 and 2 into tabular form. This table provides a representation of the percent volume and weight of sediment types which contribute to the estimated Columbia River sediment budget. The compartments shown in Figure 2 are color coordinated with Table 1.

First posted August 3, 1999

For additional information, contact:
Water Science Center Office - Tacoma
U.S. Geological Survey
934 Broadway, Suite 300
Tacoma, WA 98402

Part or all of this report is presented in Portable Document Format (PDF). For best results viewing and printing PDF documents, it is recommended that you download the documents to your computer and open them with Adobe Reader. PDF documents opened from your browser may not display or print as intended. Download the latest version of Adobe Reader, free of charge.

Suggested citation:

Wolf, Stephen C., Nelson, Hans, Hamer, Michael R., Dunhill, Gita, Phillips, R. Lawrence, 1999, The Washington and Oregon Mid-Shelf Silt Deposit and Its Relation to the late Holocene Colombia River Sediment Budget: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-173,

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Contact USGS
Page Last Modified: Wednesday, December 07, 2016, 05:51:01 PM