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Table 5.  Non-native species in aquatic habitats of the South-Central Texas study unit, Texas

[From Bowles and Arsuffi (1993); Howells (1997); and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (1995). --, not known or not applicable]


Phylum (division)
     Family Genus Common name Mechanism of introduction

Anthophyta
     Araceae Colocasia esculenta Wild taro --
Pistia stratiotes Water lettuce --
     Haloragaceae Myriophyllum brasiliense Parrotfeather aquaria
Myriophyllum spicatum Eurasian watermilfoil aquaria
     Hydrocharitaceae Egeria densa Giant waterweed aquaria
Hydrilla verticillata African elodea aquaria
     Pontederiaceae Eichhornia crassipes Water hyacinth ornamental
     Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton crispus L. Curly pondweed --
     Scrophulariaceae Limnophila sessiflora -- aquaria
Chordata
     Centrarchidae Ambloplites rupestris Rock bass game fish
Lepomis auritus Redbreast sunfish game fish
Micropterus dolomieu Smallmouth bass game fish
     Characidae Astyanax  mexicanus Mexican tetra --
     Cichlidae Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum Rio Grande cichlid pond fish
Tilapia aurea Blue tiliapia aquaria
Tilapia mossambica Mozambique tilapia aquaria
Tilapia zilli Redbelly tilapia aquaria
     Cyprinidae Carassius auratus Goldfish aquaria
Ctenopharyngodon idella Grass carp plant control
Cyprinus carpio Common carp (koi) pond fish
     Cyprinodontidae Cyprinodon variegatus Sheepshead minnow bait
     Loricariidae Hypostomus plecostomus Suckermouth catfish aquaria
Myocastor coypus Nutria fur production
     Percichthyidae Morone saxatilis Striped bass game fish
     Percidae Stizostedion vitreum Walleye game fish
     Poeciliidae Poecilia formosa Amazon molly bait/aquaria
Poecilia latipinna Sailfin molly bait
Poecilia reticulata Guppy aquaria
     Salmonidae Oncorhynchus mykiss Rainbow trout game fish
Salmo trutta Brown trout game fish
Salvelinus fontinalis Brook trout game fish
Mollusca
     Ampullariidae Marisa cornuarietis Giant ramshorn snail aquaria
     Corbiculidae Corbicula fluminaea Asiatic clam --
     Thiaridae Melanoides granifera Quilted Melania aquaria
Melanoides tuberculata Red-rimmed melania aquaria
Pterophyta
     Parkeriaceae Ceratopteris thalictroides Water sprite aquaria

Order Genus Common name Mechanism of introduction
    family

Rodentia
    Myocastoridae Myocastor coypus Nutria fur production

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