INTERAGENCY FIELD MANUAL FOR THE COLLECTION OF WATER-QUALITY DATA

Appendix B


Appendix B. Equipment list for water-quality sampling
[FISP, Federal Interagency Sedimentation Project; N, nutrients; M, major ions; T, trace element; O, organics; R, radiochemical; B, biological; in., inch; L, liter; PVC, polyvinyl chloride; m, micrometer; mm, millimeter; MFS, membrane fiber specific; C, degrees Celsius; DOC/SOC, dissolved organic carbon/suspended organic carbon; VOC, volatile organic compound; mL, milliliter; N, normality; BOD, biochemical oxygen demand]
Check-list Item Source Appropriate use
  Sampling equipment:    
 
    Depth-integrated
   
_____ D-77 (standard) sampler, epoxy-coated for trace elements and metals FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Support for D-77, bridge boards, reels, cranes FISP  
_____ Nylon or TeflonTM (for organics) nozzles, 3/16-, -, 5/16-in. FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ D-77, 3-L polypropylene bottle (one for each site) FISP N,M,T,R,B
_____ Plastic cap, for D-77/DH-81 bottle FISP N,M,T,R,B
_____ D-77, 3-L TeflonTM bottle FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Adapter for 3-L TeflonTM bottle FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ TeflonTM cap, for D-77/DH-81 bottle FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ 3-L slotted plastic bottle (to be lined with TeflonTM or oven bag) FISP N,M,T,O,R,B (TeflonTM)
N,M,T,R,B (oven)
_____ 8-L slotted bottle (to be lined with TeflonTM or oven bag) Nalgene N,M,T,O,R,B (TeflonTM)
N,M,T,R,B (oven)
_____ 3-L TeflonTM bags FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ 8-L TeflonTM bags Jensen Inert N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Reynolds oven bags, small (3-L sampler) and large (8-L sampler) Grocery store N,M,T,R,B
_____ Sounding weight(s) for frame sampler FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Current meter for frame sampler FISP  
_____ Epoxy paint, for touching up trace element and metal samplers FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ DH-81 collar FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Wading rod for DH-81, plastic covered FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ DH-81, 1-L polypropylene bottle and cap (one for each site) FISP N,M,T,R,B
_____ DH-81, 1-L TeflonTM bottle FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Adapter for 1-L TeflonTM bottle FISP N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Hand line FISP  
_____ Plastic sheet for covering bridge rail and weights to hold sheet Hardware store N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Churn splitter, 8-L polyethylene or 14-L polyethylene BelArt N,M,T,R
_____ Plastic bags for enclosing churn Grocery, hardware store N,M,T,R,B
_____ Plastic trash can for carrying churn Hardware store N,M,T,R,B
 
    Grab/others
   
_____ Weighted-bottle sampler (nonmetallic or epoxy-coated) FISP N,M,T,R,B
_____ Thief-type samplers; for example, Van Dorn or Kemmerer Scientific supply To collect depth-discrete samples in lakes and ponds
_____ Bottles for weighted-bottle sampler   N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Plastic rope for weighted-bottle sampler Hardware store N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Pumping sampler(s) Scientific supply  
_____ Other Scientific supply  
_____ 1-L cubitainer Scientific supply  
  Sample processing equipment:    
_____ Processing and preservation chamber--PVC framework Parts from hardware or building supply store N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Plastic bags (clear) for covering chambers Grocery, hardware, or building supply store N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Disposable, powderless vinyl gloves Local scientific supply stores N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Capsule filters (disposable, tortuous path), 0.45-m pore size Local scientific supply stores N,M,T,R
_____ 142-mm plate filter(s) (plastic) GeoTech N,M,T,R
_____ 142-mm membrane filters (MFS) Local scientific supply stores N,M,T,R
_____ Stainless-steel forceps for handling filters VWR, Millipore, Cole-Parmer, or other scientific supply N,M,O,R,B
_____ 142-mm aluminum filter holder GeoTech O
_____ Glass fiber filters, 142-mm diameter/0.7-m pore size, baked at 450 C Local scientific supply stores O
_____ Peristaltic pump Cole-Parmer N,M,T,R
_____ Foot switch for pump Cole-Parmer N,M,T,O,R
_____ Ceramic head pump Fluid Metering N,M,T,O,R
_____ Silicon pump tubing (one for each site) Local scientific supply stores N,M,T,R
_____ TeflonTM tubing, fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) lined Cole-Parmer or other scientific supply N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Silver filter, 47-mm diameter/0.45-m pore size (for DOC/SOC) Local scientific supply stores O
_____ Stainless-steel, pressure-type filtration unit Millipore O
_____ TeflonTM, pressure-type filtration unit Savillex Corp. O
_____ Petri dishes for silver filters Local scientific supply stores O
_____ Forceps (plastic- or TeflonTM-coated) PGC Scientifics N,M,T,O,R
  Equipment cleaning:    
_____ Liquinox (0.2-percent)/alconox nonphosphate detergent Local scientific supply stores N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Hydrochloric acid for cleaning (trace element free grade) (dilute to 5 percent by volume for use) VWR or other scientific supply N,M,T,O,R
_____ Deionized water (DIW) for rinsing Local scientific supply stores N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Clear plastic containers or basins for soaking equipment Nalgene, BelArt N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Nonmetallic brushes for cleaning, baby toothbrush for nozzles Grocery store N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Pipet jar or nonmetallic tube for cleaning pump VWR, Cole-Parmer, or other scientific supply N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Ziplock bags for storing cleaned equipment (noncolored closure) Grocery store N,M,T,R,B
_____ Pesticide-grade methanol (for organics sampling) (Burdick & Jackson) Scientific Products O
_____ Wash bottles for deionized water (DIW) and acid (safety labeled) VWR, BelArt, Cole-Parmer, or other scientific supply N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Wash bottle, TeflonTM for methanol Cole-Parmer or other scientific supply O
_____ Paper wipes, paper towels, oil sorbent pads Local scientific supply stores N,M,T,O,R,B
_____ Aluminum foil, heavy duty Local scientific supply stores or grocery store  
_____ Inorganic-free blank water Laboratory supply N,M,T,R
_____ Pesticide (organic-free) blank water Laboratory used for analytical work N,M,T,O,R
_____ Volatile organic compound (VOC) blank water Laboratory used for analytical work VOC
  Sample containers:    
_____ 250-mL acid-rinsed bottles, clear cap Laboratory supply M,T
_____ 125-mL brown bottles Laboratory supply N
_____ 250-mL plain plastic bottles, black cap Laboratory supply M
_____ 500-mL plain plastic bottles Laboratory supply N,M,T (bottom material)
_____ 250-mL glass bottles for mercury Laboratory supply Mercury
_____ 125-mL glass bottles, amber (baked) for organic carbon Laboratory supply TOC,DOC
_____ 1-L glass bottles, clear (baked) Laboratory supply O
_____ 1-L glass bottles, amber (baked) Laboratory supply O, Stable isotopes
_____ Septum vials Laboratory supply VOC
_____ 250-mL TeflonTM bottles Laboratory supply T,O
_____ Caps with polypropylene liners for bottles Laboratory supply N,M
_____ Foam sleeves for glass bottles Laboratory supply T,O,R,VOC
_____ Mesh bags for sample bottles Laboratory supply N,M,T,O,R,B
  Sample preservation:    
_____ Nitric acid vials (2-mL), ~7.7N UltrexTM ultra-pure Laboratory supply T
_____ Potassium dichromate ampules Laboratory supply Mercury
_____ 1-mL sulfuric acid ampules Laboratory supply BOD, oil and grease
_____ 1- or 2-mL nitric acid ampules    
_____ Ampule breaker With some ampules N,T,R
_____ Ice with shipping coolers Local sources  
_____ Disposal bottles for used ampules   N,T,R
  Field measurement:    
_____ Data collection/field forms/notebook Specific to agency  
_____ Thermometer (nonmercury) or thermistor Scientific supply  
_____ pH meter with instruction manual and calibration/maintenance logbook Many sources  
_____ pH probe (plus backup probe) Many sources  
_____ Filling solution for pH probe Use type recommended by manufacturer  
_____ Hach digital titrator or burette Scientific supply  
_____ Cartridges for titrator or H2SO4 solution for burette Scientific supply  
_____ Battery-operated stirrer, magnetic Many sources  
_____ TeflonTM-coated stir bars Cole-Parmer, PGC, or other scientific supply  
_____ Stir bar retriever Cole-Parmer, PGC, or other scientific supply  
_____ Specific conductance meter with instruction manual and calibration/maintenance logbook Many sources  
_____ Specific conductance probe or cups Use type recommended by meter manufacturer  
_____ Dissolved oxygen meter with instruction manual and calibration/maintenance logbook Many sources  
_____ Dissolved oxygen probe (plus backup probe) Many sources  
_____ Cable for dissolved oxygen probe Many sources  
_____ Calibration chamber for dissolved oxygen meter Scientific supply  
_____ Dissolved oxygen probe maintenance kit (membranes and o-rings) Many sources  
_____ Pocket barometer Scientific supply  
_____ Multiprobe instrument (Hydrolab, YSI, or other brand) Hydrolab, YSI, or other scientific supply  
_____ pH buffers (4.0, 7.0, 10.0) Scientific supply  
_____ Small cups for pH buffers Scientific supply  
_____ Specific conductance standards to bracket expected conditions Scientific supply  
_____ Turbidimeter Scientific supply  
  Bacteria:    
_____ Bacteria kits (fecal coliform, total coliform) Scientific supply B
_____ Petri dishes Scientific supply B
_____ Hot plate/stirrer Cole-Parmer, VWR, or other scientific supply B
_____ TeflonTM-coated stir bars Cole-Parmer, VWR, or other scientific supply B
_____ Lab thermometer Scientific supply B
_____ Glass beakers for preparing media Many sources B
_____ 1-, 10-, 25-mL sterile pipets Scientific supply B
_____ 47-mm, 0.45-m gridded, sterile, membrane filters Scientific supply B
_____ 47-mm, 0.65-m gridded, sterile, membrane filters Scientific supply B
_____ Stainless-steel (sterile) or disposable filter 
unit(s)
Millipore B
_____ Hand pump Scientific supply B
_____ Buffered water Scientific supply B
_____ Dilution bottles Scientific supply B
_____ Incubators (with electrical cords) Millipore B
_____ Alcohol lamp VWR or other scientific supply B
_____ Forceps for bacteria filters Scientific supply B
_____ Autoclave bags Cole-Parmer or other scientific supply B
_____ Autoclave VWR or other scientific supply B
_____ Anitibacterial soap Drug store B
_____ Microscope or magnifier Cole-Parmer, VWR, or other scientific supply B
  Safety:    
_____ Waders/hip boots/cleats Many sources, internet catalogues available online  
_____ Life jacket Many sources, internet catalogues available online  
_____ Rain gear Many sources, internet catalogues available online  
_____ Hat, sunscreen, sunglasses Many sources, internet catalogues available online  
_____ Drinking water Many sources, internet catalogues available online  
_____ Safety cones Many sources, internet catalogues available online  
_____ Tool box with basic tools including graphite lubricant (not oil or WD-40), stopwatch, calculator    
_____ Safety vest Many sources, internet catalogues available online  
_____ "Men Working" signs Many sources, internet catalogues available online  
_____ First-aid kit, knife Many sources, internet catalogues available online  
_____ Fire extinguisher, leather gloves Many sources, internet catalogues available online  
_____ Spill kits VWR, Lab Safety, BelArt, or other scientific supply  
_____ Eye wash Cole-Parmer, Lab Safety, BelArt, or other scientific supply  
_____ Protective goggles or face mask Cole-Parmer, Lab Safety, BelArt, or other scientific supply  
_____ Container with lid for glove disposal Cole-Parmer, Lab Safety, or other scientific supply  
_____ Laminated list of emergency phone numbers    
_____ Safety carrier for acid bottles Cole-Parmer, Lab Safety, BelArt, or other scientific supply  
_____ Apron, lab coat Cole-Parmer, VWR, BelArt, or other scientific supply  
_____ Flashlight and spare batteries Grocery, hardware, drug store  
_____ Antibacterial soap Drug store  
_____ Two-way radio/cellular phone Electronics store  
  General supplies:    
_____ Government/agency ID and/or business cards, field forms    
_____ Authorization for access to sampling site, keys/security codes for gates or locks    
_____ Waterproof pens, markers, pencils, mailing labels, shipping coolers    
_____ Masking tape, rubber bands    
_____ Camera with film    
_____ Topographic maps/aerial photos/global positioning system (GPS)    

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