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Open-File Report 03-204

Prepared in Collaboration with Russian Academy of Sciences, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Jilin University (Changchun Branch), Korean Institute of Geology, Mining, and Materials, and Geological Survey of Japan/AIST

Preliminary Metallogenic Belt and Mineral Deposit Maps for Northeast Asia

By Alexander A. Obolenskiy, Sergey M. Rodionov, Gunchin Dejidmaa, Ochir Gerel, Duk Hwan Hwang, Elimir G. Distanov, Gombosuren Badarch, Alexander I. Khanchuk, Masatsugu Ogasawara, Warren J. Nokleberg, Leonid M. Parfenov, Andrei V. Prokopiev, Zhan V. Seminskiy, Alexander P. Smelov, Hongquan Yan, Gennandiy V. Birul'kin, Yuriy V. V. Davydov, Valeriy Yu. Fridovskiy, Gennandiy N. Gamyanin, Alexei V. Kostin, Sergey A. Letunov, Xujun Li, Valeriy M. Nikitin, Sadahisa Sudo Vitaly I. Sotnikov, Alexander V. Spiridonov, Vitaly A. Stepanov, Fengyue Sun, Jiapeng Sun, Weizhi Sun, Valeriy M. Supletsov, Vladimir F. Timofeev, Oleg A. Tyan, Valeriy G. Vetluzhskikh, Koji Wakita, Yakov V. Yakovlev, and Lydia M. Zorina

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (1.3 MB)Introduction

The metallogenic belts and locations of major mineral deposits of Northeast Asia are portrayed on Sheets 1-4. Sheet 1 portrays the location of significant lode deposits and placer districts at a scale of 1:7,500,000. Sheets 2-4 portray the metallogenic belts of the region in a series of 12 time-slices from the Archean through the Quaternary at a scale of 1:15,000,000. For all four map sheets, a generalized geodynamics base map, derived from a more detailed map by Parfenov and others (2003), is used as an underlay for the metallogenic belt maps. This geodynamics map underlay permits depicts the major host geologic units and structures that host metallogenic belts. Four tables are included in this report. A hierarchial ranking of mineral deposit models is listed in Table 1. And summary features of lode deposits, placer districts, and metallogenic belts are described in Tables 2, 3, and 4, respectively. The metallogenic belts for Northeast Asia are synthesized, compiled, described, and interpreted with the use of modern concepts of plate tectonics, analysis of terranes and overlap assemblages, and synthesis of mineral deposit models. The data supporting the compilation are: (1) comprehensive descriptions of mineral deposits; (2) compilation and synthesis of a regional geodynamics map the region at 5 million scale with detailed explanations and cited references; and (3) compilation and synthesis of metallogenic belt maps at 15 million scale with detailed explanations and cited references. These studies are part of a major international collaborative study of the Mineral Resources, Metallogenesis, and Tectonics of Northeast Asia that is being conducted from 1997 through 2002 by geologists from earth science agencies and universities in Russia, Mongolia, Northeastern China, South Korea, Japan, and the USA. Companion studies and previous publications are: (1) a detailed geodynamics map of Northeast Asia (Parfenov and 2003); (2) a compilation of major mineral deposit models (Rodionov and Nokleberg, 2000; Rodionov and others, 2000; Obolenskiy and others, 2003); and (3) a database on significant metalliferous and selected nonmetalliferous lode deposits, and selected placer districts (Ariunbileg and others, 2003).

First posted June 3, 2003

For additional information, contact:
Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
345 Middlefield Road, MS 901
Menlo Park, CA 94025-3591

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Suggested citation:

Obolenskiy, Alexander A., Rodionov, Sergey M., Dejidmaa, Gunchin, Gerel, Ochir, Hwang, Duk Hwan, Distanov, Elimir G., Badarch, Gombosuren, Khanchuk, Alexander I., Ogasawara, Masatsugu, Nokleberg, Warren J., Parfenov, Leonid M., Prokopiev, Andrei V., Seminskiy, Zhan V., Smelov, Alexander P., Yan, Hongquan, Birul'kin, Gennandiy V., Davydov, Yuriy V. V., Fridovskiy, Valeriy Yu., Gamyanin, Gennandiy N., Kostin, Alexei V., Letunov, Sergey A., Li, Xujun, Nikitin, Valeriy M., Sotnikov, Sadahisa Sudo Vitaly I., Spiridonov, Alexander V., Stepanov, Vitaly A., Sun, Fengyue, Sun, Jiapeng, Sun, Weizhi, Supletsov, Valeriy M., Timofeev, Vladimir F., Tyan, Oleg A., Vetluzhskikh, Valeriy G., Wakita, Koji, Yakovlev, Yakov V., Zorina, Lydia M., 2003, Preliminary Metallogenic Belt and Mineral Deposit Maps for Northeast Asia: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 04-204, 204 pp.,

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