Skip Links

USGS - science for a changing world

Open-File Report 03-493

Trace Element and Nd, Sr, Pb Isotope Geochemistry of Kilauea Volcano, Hawai'i, Near-vent Eruptive Products: 1983 – 2001

By Carl R. Thornber, James R. Budahn, W. Ian Ridley, and Daniel M. Unruh

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (72 kB)Introduction

This open-file report serves as a repository for geochemical data referred to in U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1676 (Heliker, Swanson, and Takahashi, eds., 2003), which includes multidisciplinary research papers pertaining to the first twenty years of Puu Oo Kupaianaha eruption activity. Details of eruption characteristics and nomenclature are provided in the introductory chapter of that volume (Heliker and Mattox, 2003). Geochemical relations of this data are depicted and interpreted by Thornber (2003), Thornber and others (2003a) and Thornber (2001).

This report supplements Thornber and others (2003b) in which whole-rock and glass major-element data on ~1000 near-vent lava samples collected during the 1983 to 2001 eruptive interval of Kilauea Volcano, Hawai'i, are presented. Herein, we present whole-rock trace element compositions of 85 representative samples collected from January 1983 to May 2001; glass trace-element compositions of 39 Pele’s Tear (tephra) samples collected from September 1995 to September 1996, and whole-rock Nd, Sr and Pb isotopic analyses of 10 representative samples collected from September 1983 to September 1993. Thornber and others (2003b) provide a specific record of sample characteristics, location, etc., for each of the samples reported here. Spreadsheets of both reports may be integrated and sorted based upon time of formation or sample numbers. General information pertaining to the selectivity and petrologic significance of this sample suite is presented by Thornber and others (2003b). As justified in that report, this select suite of time-constrained geochemical data is suitable for constructing petrologic models of pre-eruptive magmatic processes associated with prolonged rift zone eruption of Hawaiian shield volcanoes.

First posted December 30, 2003

For additional information, contact:
Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
U.S. Geological Survey
PO Box 51, 1 Crater Rim Road
Hawaii National Park, HI 96718

Part or all of this report is presented in Portable Document Format (PDF). For best results viewing and printing PDF documents, it is recommended that you download the documents to your computer and open them with Adobe Reader. PDF documents opened from your browser may not display or print as intended. Download the latest version of Adobe Reader, free of charge.

Suggested citation:

Thornber, Carl R., Budahn, James R., Ridley, W. Ian, Unruh, Daniel M., 2003, Trace Element and Nd, Sr, Pb Isotope Geochemistry of Kilauea Volcano, Hawai'i, Near-vent Eruptive Products: 1983 – 2001: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-493, 5 pp.,


Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: GS Pubs Web Contact
Page Last Modified: Friday, 14-Mar-2014 09:54:01 EDT