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Clark et. al. 2003 USGS Open File Report 03-395
Spectral Library splib05a Sample Description

(For further information on spectrsocopy, see: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov)

TITLE: Chrysocolla HS297 DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: MINERAL

SAMPLE_ID: HS297

MINERAL_TYPE: Phyllosilicate

MINERAL: Chrysocolla

FORMULA: (Cu,Al)2H2Si2O5(OH)4*nH2O

FORMULA_HTML: (Cu,Al)2H2Si2O5(OH)4•nH2O

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: Miami, AZ

ORIGINAL_DONOR: Hunt and Salisbury Collection

CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

Chrysocalla is a hydrogel or gelatinous precipitate.

"C-5 Chrysocolla 297B--Miami, Ariz. CuSi03nH20: Chrysocolla is a secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zone of copper veins. The spectrum is dominated by the intense Cu2+ absorption near 0.75 µ, which together with the fall off in reflectivity to the blue, produces a reflectivity maximum near 0.5 µ and the blue green color of the mineral. Constitutional water produces the very intense 1.42 µ and 1.92 µ bands as well as the 2.23 µ feature."

Hunt, G.R., J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff, 1973, Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: VI. Additional silicates. Modern Geology, v. 4, p. 85-106.

Sieve interval 74 - 250µm.

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

XRD_ANALYSIS:

Quartz - significant component
Chrysocolla - possible component
Note: Except for quartz this sample is amorphous. Chrysocolla is amorphous, therefore XRD is not a definitive test for chrysocolla.

Konnert, Judith and Marta Flohr, 1992, unpublished data, USGS Reston, VA.

END_XRD_ANALYSIS.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: None # XRF, EM(WDS), ICP(Trace), WChem

COMPOSITION_TRACE: None

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

None

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION:

mode:
90 vol% chrysocolla
10 vol% cryptocrystalline quartz

Light blue color, conchoidal fracture, fine fibrous crystal habit so optic sign cannot be determined (actually chrysocolla is amorphous so it would not have an optic sign). Soft. All consistent with chrysocolla. G. Swayze.

END_MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2_3_4_ # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment
LIB_SPECTRA: splib04a r 1031 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.= 217 µm
LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r 1821 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=


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