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Clark et. al. 2003 USGS Open File Report 03-395
Spectral Library splib05a Sample Description

(For further information on spectrsocopy, see: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov)

TITLE: Epidote HS328 DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: MINERAL

SAMPLE_ID: HS328

MINERAL_TYPE: Sorosilicate

MINERAL: Epidote (Epidote group)

FORMULA: Ca2(Al,Fe+3)3(SiO4)3(OH)

FORMULA_HTML: Ca2(Al,Fe+3)3(SiO4)3(OH)

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: Arizona

ORIGINAL_DONOR: Hunt and Salisbury Collection

CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

Forms series with Clinozoisite.

"S-3 Epidote 328B--Arizona. Ca2(Al,Fe)Al2O• OH(Si2O7)(SiO4): This metamorphic mineral is the iron-rich end member of the clinozoisite-epidote series. The features are those due to both ferrous and ferric iron at 0.41, 0.47, near 0.6 µ and 1.0 µ. Again, the hydroxyl features are unusual. The feature at 1.55 µ appears, and it is accompanied by a very weak feature at 1.4 µ (not discernible in reproduced spectrum). The two features near 1.85 µ and 1.9 µ, like those in zoisite, are apparent, as is a very intense feature at 2.35 µ with well defined side features."

Hunt, G.R., J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff, 1973, Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: VI. Additional silicates. Modern Geology, v. 4, p. 85-106.

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

XRD_ANALYSIS:

Spectrally pure. Epidote plus a large amount of quartz plus a small amount other; M: ~2% magnetite on epidote, ~15% quartz, ~3% plagioclase, no carbonate. (Norma Vergo)

END_XRD_ANALYSIS.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: None # XRF, EM(WDS), ICP(Trace), WChem

COMPOSITION_TRACE: None

None

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

None

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION:

mode:
80 vol% epidote
15 vol% quartz
3 vol% plagioclase ?
2 vol% magnetite

average grain size= 250 µm

Epidote grains are highly fractured or polygranular, with quartz intergrowths on about 10% of epidote grains. Individual crystal grain size is about 50 µm or less because of polygranular and fractured nature. Determination of optical properties is difficult because of fractures and polygranular nature.

END_MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1c2_3_4_ # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment
LIB_SPECTRA: splib04a r 1575 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.= 250 µm
LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r 2630 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=


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