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Clark et. al. 2003 USGS Open File Report 03-395
Spectral Library splib05a Sample Description

(For further information on spectrsocopy, see: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov)

TITLE: Gibbsite HS423 DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: MINERAL

SAMPLE_ID: HS423

MINERAL_TYPE: Hydroxide

MINERAL: Gibbsite

FORMULA: Al(OH)3

FORMULA_HTML: Al(OH)3

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: Brazil

ORIGINAL_DONOR: Hunt and Salisbury Collection

CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

Trimorphous with Bayerite and Nordstrandite.

Original spectrum published in: Hunt, G.R., J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff, 1971, Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: III. Oxides and hydroxides. Modern Geology, v. 2, p. 195-205.

With the comment:"This particular sample is a cryptocrystalline stalactitic aggregate, composed of concentric layers of gibbsite of variable purity. Some layers are slightly contaminated with iron, which produces the gentle fall-off in reflectivity of the powdered samples toward the blue region of the visible. In the near-infrared, all the spectral features are due to the vibrations of the hydroxyl ion. In the mid-infrared, well defined fundamental Al-O-H bending modes occur at 10.34 and 9.8µm, and a series of fundamental stretching modes occur at 2.975, 2.917, 2.842, and 2.765µm. The second overtone and combinations of the stretching modes produce the weak but relatively sharp features which appear near 1.0µm in our spectra, the first overtone and combinations of the stretching mode produce the numerous relatively sharp features centered at 1.45µm, and the combinations of the stretching and bending modes produce the features near 2.3µm. Some free water is indicated by the bands near 1.9µm."

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

XRD_ANALYSIS:

Pure gibbsite

Konnert, Judith and Marta Flohr, 1992, unpublished data, USGS Reston, VA.

END_XRD_ANALYSIS.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: None # XRF, EM(WDS), ICP(Trace), WChem

COMPOSITION_TRACE: None

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

None.

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION:

mode:
94 vol% gibbsite
6 vol% Fe-stained gibbsite grains

average grain size= 60 µm

Concentric dark lines of inclusions across crystal bundles indicates growth as stalatitic forms. Inclined extinction, small 2V (<20 degrees), biaxial (+), all consistent with gibbsite. G. Swayze.

END_MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1a2_3_4_ # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment
LIB_SPECTRA: splib04a r 1739 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.= 60 µm
LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r 2793 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=


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