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Clark et. al. 2003 USGS Open File Report 03-395
Spectral Library splib05a Sample Description

(For further information on spectrsocopy, see: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov)

TITLE: Kaolinite CM5 DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: MINERAL

SAMPLE_ID: CM5

MINERAL_TYPE: Phyllosilicate

MINERAL: Kaolinite (Kaolinite-Serpentine group)

FORMULA: Al2Si2O5(OH)4

FORMULA_HTML: Al2Si2O5(OH)4

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: Lamar Pit, Bath S.C.

ORIGINAL_DONOR: Clay Mineral Standard from Wards Natural Science Inc.

CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

Polymorphous with Dickite, Halloysite, and Nacrite.

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

XRD_ANALYSIS:

Less than 2µm fraction is well ordered kaolinite + trace of muscovite and anatase (Norma Vergo)

END_XRD_ANALYSIS.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: XRF # XRF, EM(WDS), ICP(Trace), WChem


COMPOSITION
KEYWORD
Oxide
ASCII
Amount Weight
Percent, %
Oxide
html
COMPOSITION: SiO2 44.4 wt% SiO2
COMPOSITION: TiO2 1.47 wt% TiO2
COMPOSITION: Al2O3 37.9 wt% Al2O3
COMPOSITION: Fe2O3 0.68 wt% Fe2O3
COMPOSITION: FeO 0.02 wt% FeO
COMPOSITION: MnO less than 0.02 wt% MnO
COMPOSITION: MgO 0.11 wt% MgO
COMPOSITION: CaO less than 0.02 wt% CaO
COMPOSITION: Na2O less than 0.15 wt% Na2O
COMPOSITION: K2O 0.29 wt% K2O
COMPOSITION: P2O5 0.09 wt% P2O5
COMPOSITION: H2O+ 13.8 wt% H2O+
COMPOSITION: H2O- 0.41 wt% H2O-
COMPOSITION: H2O 14.2 wt% H2O
COMPOSITION: LOI 14.1 wt% LOI
COMPOSITION: Total 99.23 wt%
COMPOSITION: O=Cl,F,S wt% #correction for Cl, F, S
COMPOSITION: New Total wt%

COMPOSITION_TRACE:

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

XRF Analysis by Branch of Analytical Chemistry, USGS, Denver. Total above includes LOI value rather than H2O values, and does not include value for FeO as it was determined at same time as H2O. Trace analysis was performed and will be added later.

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION:

END_MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2_3_4_ # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment
LIB_SPECTRA: splib04a r 2597 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=
LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r 3871 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=


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