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Clark et. al. 2003 USGS Open File Report 03-395
Spectral Library splib05a Sample Description

(For further information on spectrsocopy, see: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov)

TITLE: Maghemite GDS81 Syn (M-3) DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: MINERAL

SAMPLE_ID: GDS81

MINERAL_TYPE: Oxide

MINERAL: Maghemite (Synthetic)(Hematite group)

FORMULA: gamma-Fe2O3

FORMULA_HTML: gamma-Fe2O3

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: Synthetic

ORIGINAL_DONOR: Not available

CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

This sample is one of a series of sample synthesized for the following paper:

Sherman, D.M., R.G. Burns, and V.M. Burns, 1982, Spectral characteristics of the iron oxides with application to the Martian bright region mineralogy. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 87, n. B12, pp. 10169- 10180.

Maghemite is formed either by the oxidation of magnetite or by the thermal dehydration of lepidocrosite.

The spectrum of our sample, M-3 most closely matches the spectrum of sample M-4A in the above paper. M-4 was produced by thermal oxidation of magnetite. The Mossbauer spectrum of that sample showed no evidence of a magnetite component. The X-ray patterns confirmed the identity of the sample and the TEM data indicated that the sample was well crystallized.

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

XRD_ANALYSIS:

40 kV - 30 mA, 7.3-9.5 keV
File: maghmt81.out, -.mdi
References: Maghemite C (JCPDS 39-1346), Maghemite Q (JCPDS 12-1402) and Magnetite (Huebner's reference patterns).
Found: maghemite C, maghemite Q and/or magnetite; quartz

Comment: 5 very broad, very weak reflections correspond to a very poorly crystallized oxide phase, but the X-ray powder pattern does not reveal which one. The brown color suggest that magnetite, if present, is minor. Five reflections of quartz; the (100) and (101) are very sharp, suggesting well-crystallized quartz, rather than a precursor. What is quartz doing in a synthetic iron oxide preparation??

END_XRD_ANALYSIS.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: None # XRF, EM(WDS), ICP(Trace), WChem
COMPOSITION_TRACE:

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION:

END_MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2_3_4_ # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment
LIB_SPECTRA: splib04a r 2842 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=
LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r 4232 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=


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