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Clark et. al. 2003 USGS Open File Report 03-395
Spectral Library splib05a Sample Description

(For further information on spectrsocopy, see: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov)

TITLE: Rhodochrosite HS67 DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: MINERAL

SAMPLE_ID: HS67

MINERAL_TYPE: Carbonate

MINERAL: Rhodochrosite

FORMULA: MnCO3

FORMULA_HTML: MnCO3

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: Catamarca Provenee, Argentina

ORIGINAL_DONOR: Hunt and Salisbury Collection

CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

"C-6. Rhodochrosite. Catamarca Provenee, Argentina (67, hand-ground). Rhodochrosite, MnCO3, is a comparatively rare carbonate mineral, usually occurring in hydrothermal veins with ores of silver, lead and copper, and with other manganese minerals. Divalent iron and calcium substitute for manganese, and a complete solid solution series appears to extend to siderite and calcite. This particular sample displays the rich pink color in hand specimen that is typical of pure rhodochrosite. It is, however, very rare to find rhodochrosite free of iron, and this sample is no exception. It does, in fact, contain 1% iron, and displays a fairly strong ferrous ion band near 1.1µ, in addition to the typical near-infrared carbonate bands. The bands in the visible, on the other hand, are due to the manganese ion, and are unusually sharp electronic transition bands, as discussed and assigned in the previous section, entitled "Spectral Features of Carbonates"."

Hunt, G.R., J.W. Salisbury, 1971, Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: II. Carbonates. Modern Geology, v. 2, p. 23-30.

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

XRD_ANALYSIS:

Not Available

END_XRD_ANALYSIS.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: None # XRF, EM(WDS), ICP(Trace), WChem

COMPOSITION_TRACE:

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION:

END_MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2_3_4_ # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment
LIB_SPECTRA: splib04a r 4187 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=
LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r 5902 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=


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