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Clark et. al. 2003 USGS Open File Report 03-395
Spectral Library splib05a Sample Description

(For further information on spectrsocopy, see: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov)

TITLE: Siderophyllite NMNH104998 DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: MINERAL

SAMPLE_ID: NMNH104998

MINERAL_TYPE: Phyllosilicate

MINERAL: Siderophyllite (Mica group)

FORMULA: K(Fe+2)2Al(Al2Si2)O10(F,OH)2

FORMULA_HTML: KFe+22Al(Al2Si2)O10(F,OH)2

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: Brooks Mountains Seward Peninsula, AK

ORIGINAL_DONOR: National Museum of Natural History (Jim Crowley USGS)

CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: USGS Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

XRD_ANALYSIS:

40 kV - 30 mA and 6.5-9.5 keV (sidphyl.out, smear mount); 45 kV - 35mA and 7.3-9.5 keV (siphyl2.out, random or bulk mount)
References: Pattern for siderophyllite 1M in MSA Rev. Min. 13, p. 581; Huebner's reference patterns for micas
Found: trioctahedral 1M mica, subordinate chlorite and calcite (X-ray); immersion oil examination chlorite >= mica >>> carbonate
Sought: quartz [(101) reflection obscured; a very weak peak observed in the position of the quartz (100)]

Comments: At least three phases present. The mica pattern is consistent with siderophylllite. Sharp reflections suggest mica is well crystallized and compositionally homogenous. The mica has a relatively large (002) spacing at 17.8, suggesting the presence of a large cation such as K. The chlorite (001) reflection is anomalously weak relative to the other chlorite reflections observed. Observed eight weak calcite reflections but found only a trace of carbonate in immersion oil, suggesting that the carbonate may not be homogenously distributed.

J.S. Huebner and J. Pickrell,T. Schaefer, unpublished data, written communication, USGS, Reston, VA (1994)

END_XRD_ANALYSIS.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: NONE # XRF, EM(WDS), ICP(Trace), WChem

COMPOSITION_TRACE:

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

Since siderophyllite is volumetrically dominant according to my optical examination, its spectral signature will dominate over the chlorite. This probably also applies to the calcite. However, the spectrum looks strikingly similar to thuringite SMR-15 at wavelengths shorter than 2.0µm. The 2.3-µm region has small bands that are slightly shifted from thuringite (chlorite). This similarity may be coincidental, however, they may not be spectrally distinguishable shortward 2.0µm. G. Swayze.

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION:

Mode:

70 vol% Siderophyllite
15 vol% Chlorite
10 vol% Calcite
5 vol% Quartz
trace Fe-staining

Siderophyllite is biaxial (-) with small 2V angle and has a dark green color in plain polarized light. Other gains with basal cleavage have a lighter 1st order gray interference color and also are biaxial (-) with a small 2V. Calcite and quartz are also present in minor amounts. G. Swayze.

END_MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2_3_4_ # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment
LIB_SPECTRA: splib04a r 4456 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=
LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r 6224 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=


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