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Clark et. al. 2003 USGS Open File Report 03-395
Spectral Library splib05a Sample Description

(For further information on spectrsocopy, see: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov)

TITLE: Chlorite Phyllite CU91-238A DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: MIXTURE

SAMPLE_ID: CU91-238A

MIXTURE_TYPE: Intimate

MIXTURE: Chlorite + muscovite + other mineral phases

FORMULA: (Mg,Fe2+)5Al(Si3Al)O10(OH)8

FORMULA_HTML: (Mg,Fe2+)5Al(Si3Al)O10(OH)8

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: Western Altertion Center, Cuprite, Nevada, USA

ORIGINAL_DONOR: Gregg Swayze

COLLECTION_LATITUDE: N37 31.82' # degrees and decimal minutes (N or S)

COLLECTION_LONGITUDE: W117 13.93' # degrees and decimal minutes (W or E) P> DATUM: NAD27 # coordinate datum

CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: U.S.G.S. Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: U.S.G.S. Denver Spectroscopy Laboratory

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

This sample was collected southwest of the relict hydrothermal alteration center at Cuprite, NV. It consists of a greenish muscovite-chlorite phyllite that is part of the unaltered lower Cambrian Harkless Formation.

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

XRD_ANALYSIS:

Fe-chlorite, muscovite, quartz, and kaolinite.

END_XRD_ANALYSIS.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: XRF # XRF, EM(WDS), ICP(Trace), WChem

COMPOSITION_TRACE: None

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

None

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION:

None

END_MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

The spectrum has absorptions characteristic of chlorite and muscovite. Chlorite Fe-related bands dominate in the electronic region (.35 - 1.35 microns) with a muscovite band at 2.1973 microns and chlorite bands at 2.2607 and 2.3505 microns in the vibrational region (1.35-2.5 microns).

See: Swayze, G.A., 1997, The hydrothermal and structural history of the Cuprite Mining District, southwestern Nevada: an integrated geological and geophysical approach: unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Colorado at Boulder, 399p.

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2_3_4_ # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment
LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r 7987 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=


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