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Clark et. al. 2003 USGS Open File Report 03-395
Spectral Library splib05a Sample Description

(For further information on spectrsocopy, see: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov)

TITLE: Kaolin_Smect KLF506 .95Kaol DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: MIXTURE

SAMPLE_ID: KLF506

MIXTURE_TYPE: Intimate

MIXTURE: Kaolinite/Smectite (95% Kaol.) (Kaolinite-Serpentine group)

FORMULA: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 + (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2Si4O10(OH)2*nH2O

FORMULA_HTML: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 + (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2Si4O10(OH)2•nH2O

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: Paris Basin, France

ORIGINAL_DONOR: Phoebe Hauff, Fred Kruse CSES/CIRES

CURRENT_SAMPLE_LOCATION: CSES/CIRES, Univ. of CO, Boulder

ULTIMATE_SAMPLE_LOCATION: CSES/CIRES, Univ. of CO, Boulder

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

Kaolinite/smectite clays are produced as transitional phases as smectite weathers to kaolinite. This sample is from the Argiles Plastique Formation of the Paris Basin. This formation contains a paragentic sequence from smectite to kaolinite.

Hauff, P.L., F.A. Kruse, and Medard Thiry, 1990, Spectral identification and characterization of kaolinite/smectite clays in weathering environments. Proceedings of the Fifth Australian Remote Sensing Conference, Perth, Australia, pp. 898-905.

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

XRD_ANALYSIS:

XRD was used to determine the percent kaolinite. This sample is 95% kaolinite.

Hauff, P.L., F.A. Kruse, and Medard Thiry, 1990, Spectral identification and characterization of kaolinite/smectite clays in weathering environments. Proceedings of the Fifth Australian Remote Sensing Conference, Perth, Australia, pp. 898-905.

END_XRD_ANALYSIS.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: None # XRF, EM(WDS), ICP(Trace), WChem

COMPOSITION_TRACE:

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION:

END_MICROSCOPIC_EXAMINATION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1b2_3_4_ # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment
LIB_SPECTRA: splib04a r 2621 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=
LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r 8537 0.2-3.0µm 200 g.s.=


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