U.S. Geological Survey home page


Clark et. al. 2003 USGS Open File Report 03-395
Spectral Library splib05a Sample Description

(For further information on spectrsocopy, see: http://speclab.cr.usgs.gov)

TITLE: LeafySpurge Spurge-B1-Oct97 DESCRIPT

DOCUMENTATION_FORMAT: Plant

SAMPLE_ID: Spurge-B1-Oct97

PLANT_TYPE: Invasive herbaceous perennial weed

PLANT: Leafy spurge

LATIN_NAME: Euphorbia esula L.

COLLECTION_LOCALITY: Golden, Colorado

ORIGINAL_DONOR:

SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION:

Average reflectance for an area of grassland invaded by the invasive plant species leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.). The area measured was approximately 5 meters in diameter. The leafy spurge cover was approximately 60% (estimated visually). The remainder of the rocky soil was covered by mixed native grass and litter.

The spurge plants were approximately 0.3 meters in height. The leafy spurge plants in the area were almost all senescent. Leaves and stems were mostly red with some occasional orange plants occurring. More red leaves/stems were present in this area (Site B) compared to sites A and C. The grass cover was dry, brown, and sensescent.

The spectra were collected with the head of the spectrometer pointed approximately at nadir, approximately 1 meter above the ground surface, while the operator walked through the area recording spectra. This average spectrum was computed from 24 individual recorded spectra (each recorded spectrum was an average of 60 measurements).

The spectra were measured on October 22, 1997.

This area of leafy spurge is situated on a southwest facing slope in an area that had been grazed by cattle. The general location is a rural area on the northern edge of the city of Golden, Colorado (GPS coordinates are 39 degrees 47.062 minutes N latitude, 105 degrees 14.425 minutes W longitude; Datum = WGS84).

The specific location (Site B) of the area from which this average spectrum was computed is 60 meters SE of the given GPS coordinates.

Sky conditions during the measurement were hazy with some small cumulus clouds present by the end of the data collection.

Photos of the sample:

END_SAMPLE_DESCRIPTION.

COMPOSITIONAL_ANALYSIS_TYPE: none

COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION:

END_COMPOSITION_DISCUSSION.

TRACE_ELEMENT_ANALYSIS:

TRACE_ELEMENT_DISCUSSION:

END_TRACE_ELEMENT_DISCUSSION.

SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION:

END_SPECTROSCOPIC_DISCUSSION.

SPECTRAL_PURITY: 1a2_3_4_ # 1= 0.2-3, 2= 1.5-6, 3= 6-25, 4= 20-150 microns

LIB_SPECTRA_HED: where Wave Range Av_Rs_Pwr Comment
LIB_SPECTRA: splib05a r 11350 0.2-3.0µm 200


USA.gov logo  Take Pride in America button